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INTERNATIONAL 
YOUNG MEN'S CHRISTIAN 
ASSOCIATION 
COLLEGE 

SPRINGFIELD, MASSACHUSETTS 




THIRTY-FOURTH CATALOG 
1920-1921 



WITH DIRECTORY OF STUDENTS FOR 1918-1919 
AND 1919-1920 



Acfmission 106 



Advertisements 


141 


Calendar 


3 


College Graduates 


18 


Corporators 


7 


Courses of Study: 




Boys Work 


31, 66 


County Work 


29, 59 


General 


36 


Industrial 


32, 68 


Physical Education 


33, 70 


Preparatory 


103 


Secretarial 


28, 44 


Summer School 


105 


Curriculum of Activities 


35 


Degrees and Diplomas 17, 58, 106 


Eligibility 


109 


Equipment 


19 


Expenses 


108 


Faculty 


8 


Graduate Work 


43 


Libraries, Use of 


43 


Mass. Agricultural College 


63 


Normal Practice: 




Boys Work 


67 


County Work 


64 


Physical Education 


86 


Religious Education 


40 


Secretarial 


56 


Object and History 


13 


Officers and Committees 


4 


Seminars * 


54, 84 


Self-Support 


112 


Student Organizations 


112 


Students 


118 


Subjects of Study: 




Anatomy 


74 


Anthropology 


50 


Anthropometry 


78 


Association Administration 


44 


Association Bookkeeping 


54 


Association History 


39 


Bible 


36 


Biology 


41 


Business Administration 


52 


Camp Craft 


54 



Chemistry 75 
Contemporary Civilization 51 
County Work History and Meth- 
ods 60 
Economics 49 
English 42 
English Literature 47, 75 
Field Science 41 
First Aid 83 
Histology 74 
History of Christianity 39 
History of Physical Training 82 
History and Philosophy of Re- 
ligion 39 
Hygiene 77 
Massage 83 
Mathematics and Physics 75 
Medical Gymnastics 80 
Music 43 
Personal Ethics 38 
\ Philosophy and Ethics 47 
Physical Diagnosis 79 
Phj'sical Education Administra- 
tion 80 
Physical Education Practice: 
Boys Work 67 
County Work 64 
Physical Education 85 
Secretarial 57 
Physiology, Hygiene, First 

Aid 76, 46 

Play and Playgrounds 81 
Principles and Methods of 

Work with Boys 66, 46 
tlems of a Twentieth 

Century City 48 

Psychology 42 
Religious Education 16, 27, 37 

Rural Economics 61 

Rural Sociology 62 

Social Psychology 50 

Sociology 50 
World Classics by Translation 51 

Trustees 6 

Uniforms 111 



Return this book on or before the 
Latest Date stamped below. 

University of Illinois Library 


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Thirty-Fourth Annual Catalog 



WW 



International 
Young Men's Christian Association 
College 

Springfield, Massachusetts 



Founded in 1885 



1920-1921 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 



http://archive.org/details/catalog1920inte 



Calendar 



Annual meeting of the Corporation on the second Friday in 
June. 

Three meetings of the Trustees are held annually — in Septem- 
ber, in April and in connection with the Corporation meeting in 
June. 

College financial year, September 1 to August 31. 



September 15 — Wednesday .... Beginning of Fall Term. 



1920 



December 17 — Friday 



End of Fall Term. 



1921 



January 4 — Tuesday . 
March 21-25 . . . 
March 21-25 . . . 
March 25 — Friday 
April 5 — Tuesday 
June 9-10 .... 
September 13 — Tuesday 
December 16 — Friday 



Beginning of Winter Term. 

Senior Trip. 
Junior Trip. 
Close of Winter Term. 
Beginning of Spring Term. 

Commencement. 
. Beginning of Fall Term. 
End of Fall Term. 



There will be no school sessions on legal holidays. 



Officers and Committees 
1920-1921 



President 

LAURENCE L. DOGGETT Springfield, Mass. 

Vice President 

HERBERT L. PRATT New York City. 

Treasurer 

HENRY H. BOWMAN Springfield, Mass. 

Auditor 

GEORGE D. CHAMBERLAIN Springfield, Mass. 

Secretary 

LEWIS E. HAWKINS Springfield, Mass. 

Recording Secretary 

JACOB T. BOWNE Springfield, Mass. 

Superintendent of Property 
JOHN F. SIMONS Springfield, Mass. 

Office Secretary 

MISS ISABEL A. RICHARDSON Springfield, Mass. 

Executive Committee 

WILLIAM F. ANDREWS Springfield, Mass. 

HENRY H. BOWMAN Springfield, Mass. 

CLIFTON A. CROCKER Springfield, Mass. 

CLIFFORD B. POTTER Springfield, Mass. 

GEORGE DWIGHT PRATT Springfield, Mass. 

FREDERICK G. PLATT New Britain, Conn. 

Investment Committee 

HENRY H. BOWMAN, Chairman Springfield, Mass. 

CLIFTON A. CROCKER Springfield, Mass. 

PRESTON B. KEITH Campello, Mass. 

Nominating Committee 

GEORGE C. BALDWIN, Chairman Springfield, Mass. 

GEORGE D. CHAMBERLAIN Springfield, Mass. 

JOHN H. LOCKWOOD Springfield, Mass. 

Committee on Instruction 

THOMAS M. BALLIET, Chairman New York City. 

WILLIAM ORR, Vice Chairman New York City. 

BURT B. FARNSWORTH New York City. 

GEORGE L. MEYLAN New York City. 

J. C. ARMSTRONG . . Brooklyn, N. Y. 

KENYON L. BUTTERFIELD Amherst, Mass. 

ARTHUR S. JOHNSON Boston, Mass. 

GEORGE C. BALDWIN Springfield, Mass. 



s 

Committee on Secretarial Course 

J. C. ARMSTRONG, Chairman Brooklyn, N. Y. 

BURT B. FARNSWORTH New York City. 

LEWIS E. HAWKINS Springfield, Mass. 

ARTHUR S. JOHNSON Boston, Mass. 

RALPH L. CHENEY, Secretary Springfield, Mass. 

Committee on Physical Course 

HERBERT L. PRATT, Chairman New York City. 

ROBERT C. HILL New York City. 

GEORGE L. MEYLAN New York City. 

WILLIAM ORR New York City. 

S. BRINCKERHOFF THORNE New York City. 

JAMES H. McCURDY, Secretary Springfield, Mass. 

Committee on County Work Course 

HORACE A. MOSES, Chairman Springfield, Mass. 

KENYON L. BUTTERFIELD Amherst, Mass. 

WINTHROP M. CRANE Dalton, Mass. 

EDWARD W. HAZEN Haddam, Conn. 

D. HUNTER McALPIN New York City. 

ALBERT E. ROBERTS New York City. 

GIFFORD PINCHOT Philadelphia, Pa. 

HAROLD W. FOGHT Aberdeen, S. D. 

CHARLES J. GALPIN Washington, D. C. 

WALTER J. CAMPBELL, Secretary Springfield, Mass. 

Committee on Industrial Course 

BENJAMIN A. FRANKLIN, Chairman Springfield, Mass. 

CHARLES R. TOWSON, Vice Chairman New York City. 

ROBERT B. WOLF New York City. 

E. H. BETTS Troy, N. Y. 

GEORGE W. TUPPER Boston, Mass. 

THOMAS N. CARVER Cambridge, Mass. 

RALPH L. CHENEY, Secretary Springfield, Mass. 

Committee on Grounds 

AZEL A. PACKARD, Chairman Springfield, Mass. 

HANFORD M. BURR Springfield, Mass. 

RALPH PAIGE Springfield, Mass. 

GEORGE DWIGHT PRATT Springfield, Mass. 

JOHN F. SIMONS, Secretary Springfield, Mass. 

Seminars and Theses 
HANFORD M. BURR, JAMES H. McCURDY, RALPH L. CHENEY 

Degrees 

FRANK N. SEERLEY, Chairman, HANFORD M. BURR, JAMES H. McCURDY, 
RALPH L. CHENEY 



6 

Continuation Committee 



J. C. ARMSTRONG, Chairman Brooklyn, N. Y. 

BURT B. FARNSWORTH, Secretary New York City. 

JOHN BROWN, JR., M.D New York City. 

CHARLES A. COBURN Newark, N. J. 

WALTER T. DIACK New York City. 

LEWIS E. HAWKINS Springfield, Mass. 

EDWARD W. HEARNE Boston, Mass. 

RAYMOND P. KAIGHN New York City. 

GEORGE W. MEHAFFEY Boston, Mass. 

RICHARD C. MORSE New York City. 



Trustees 



FREDERICK G. PLATT New Britain, Conn. 

WILLIAM KNOWLES COOPER Washington, D. C. 

MARTIN I. FOSS Chicago, 111. 

L. WILBUR MESSER Chicago, 111. 

KENYON L. BUTTERFIELD Amherst, Mass. 

ARTHUR S. JOHNSON Boston, Mass. 

GEORGE W. MEHAFFEY Boston, Mass. 

HERBERT A. WILDER Boston, Mass. 

PRESTON B. KEITH Campello, Mass. 

JOSEPH A. GOODHUE Leominster, Mass. 

EDWARD K. ALLEN Springfield, Mass. 

WILLIAM F. ANDREWS Springfield, Mass. 

GEORGE C. BALDWIN Springfield, Mass. 

HENRY H. BOWMAN Springfield, Mass. 

GEORGE D. CHAMBERLAIN Springfield, Mass. 

CLIFTON A. CROCKER Springfield, Mass. 

WILLIAM H. DEXTER Springfield, Mass. 

LAURENCE L. DOGGETT Springfield, Mass. 

HARRY G. FISK Springfield, Mass. 

JOHN H. LOCKWOOD Springfield, Mass. 

AZEL A. PACKARD Springfield, Mass. 

CLIFFORD B. POTTER Springfield, Mass. 

GEORGE DWIGHT PRATT Springfield, Mass. 

DAVID ALLEN REED Springfield, Mass. 

J. C. ARMSTRONG Brooklyn, N. Y. 

JOHN W. COOK Brooklyn, N. Y. 

THOMAS M. BALLIET New York City. 

WALTER T. DIACK New York City. 

BURT B. FARNSWORTH New York City. 

GEORGE J. FISHER New York City. 

GEORGE L. MEYLAN New York City. 

RICHARD C. MORSE New York City. 

WILLIAM ORR New York City. 

HERBERT L. PRATT New York City. 

ROBERT S. ROSS . Schenectady, N. Y. 

WALTER M. WOOD Philadelphia, Pa. 

HERBERT M. FILLEBROWN Pawtucket, R. I. 

ARTHUR J. HOLDEN Bennington, Vt. 



Trustees are also members of the Corporation. 



Corporators 



Australia, Adelaide, H. A. Wheeler. 
Brazil, Porto Alegre, Alvaro Almeida. 
China, Nanking, P. L. Gillett. 

" Shanghai, J. H. Gray. 
France, Paris, C. A. Bonnamaux. 

" Pontarlier, Leon Mann. 
Great Britain, England, London, Howard Williams. 

" Lord Kinnaird. 

" John J. Virgo. 
Hawaii, Honolulu, James A. Rath. 
Japan, Tokyo, Galen M. Fisher. 

T. Komatsu. 
Sweden, Stockholm, Karl Fries. 
Switzerland, Geneva, Rudolph Horner. 
Turkey, Constantinople, D. J. Van Bommel. 
Manitoba, Winnipeg, T. D. Patton. 
Ontario, Toronto, C. W. Bishop. 

C. M. Copeland. 
Quebec, Montreal, J. E. Merritt. 

D. W. Ross. 
California, Hemet, M. B. Rideout. 

" Riverside, J. George Hunter. 

Colorado, Denver, William E. Sweet. 
Connecticut, New Haven, F. D. Fagg. 
District of Columbia, Washington, G. H. Winslow. 
Florida, Pensacola, J. H. Sherrill. 
Georgia, Atlanta, P. M. Colbert. 
Illinois, Chicago, Frank H. Burt. 

A. A. Stagg. 
" Elgin, Alfred Edwards. 

Galesburg, J. W. Stafford. 
Iowa, Cedar Falls, Homer H. Seerley. 
Kansas, Lawrence, James Naismith. 
Maryland, Baltimore, F. A. White. 
Maine, Waterville, J. C. Smith. 
Massachusetts, Boston, W. E. Adams. 

" A. E. Garland. 
" E. R. Groves. 
" E. W. Hearne. 
Chicopee, James L. Pease. 
Dalton, W. M. Crane. 
Holyoke, C. W. Rider. 
Maiden, George L. Richards. 
Newton, Fred G. White. 
Salem, Christian Lantz. 
Springfield, G. B. Affleck. 
" J. T. Bowne. 



Massachusetts, Springfield, J. L. Brooks. 

" R. L. Cheney. 

R. W. Ellis. 
" B. A. Hoover. 
" W. D. Kinsman. 
A. B. Wallace. 
West Somerville, G. G. Brayley. 
Nebraska, Omaha, R. S. Flower. 
New Jersey, New Brunswick, Kenneth Robbie. 
" Newark, C. A. Coburn. 

Plainfield, C. W. McCutchen. 
" W. D. Murray. 
New Hampshire, Concord, P. A. Foster. 
New York, Albany, H. A. Edwards. 

Brooklyn, C. W. Dietrich. 

F. B. Pratt. 
New York, W. H. Ball. 

" W. A. Bowen. 

F. I. Eldridge. 
" M. J. Exner. 

F. A. Gaylord. 
R. P. Kaighn. 
O. C. Morse. 
F. W. Pearsall. 
" J. Herman Randall. 

W. S. Richardson. 
" A. E. Roberts. 
" J. Gardner Smith. 
Rochester, H. P. Lansdale. 
Troy, Robert Cluett. 
" H. S. Ludlow. 
" W. C. Smith. 
North Carolina, Charlotte, F. C. Abbott. 
Ohio, Cleveland, F. M. Barton. 

A. D. Hatfield. 
" " R. E. Lewis. 

" Dayton, H. D. Dickson. 
Oregon, Portland, H. W. Stone. 
Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Thomas DeWitt Cuyler. 
" Pittsburgh, Benjamin Thaw. 

Warren, L. W. Archibald. 
Wilkes-Barre, F. M. Kirby. 
Rhode Island, Pawtucket, H. M. Fillebrown. 
Tennessee, Nashville, O. E. Brown. 
Vermont, Burlington, W. J. Van Patten. 
Washington, Seattle, H. A. Cook. 



Members of the Faculty 



Laurence L. Doggett, Ph. D., M. H., D. D., President ; History and Litera- 
ture of the Young Men's Christian Association, . 250 Alden Street. 

A. B., Oberlin College, 1886; assistant state secretary Ohio Young Men's Chris- 
tian Associations, 1888; student Union Seminary, 1889; B. D., Oberlin Theological 
Seminary, 1890; A. M., Oberlin College, 1890; general secretary town Young 
Men's Christian Association, Oberlin, 1890; assistant state secretary Ohio, 1890-93; 
Ph. D., Leipsic University, 1895; state secretary Ohio Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciations, 1895-96; president International Young Men's Christian Association Col- 
lege, 1896 — ; author "History of the Young Men's Christian Association," Vol. I., 
1896; "History of the Boston Young Men's Christian Association," 1901; "Life of 
Robert R. McBurney," 1902; principal Silver Bay Institute, 1903-12; D. D., Ober- 
lin College, 1911; editor The Association Seminar, 1912-18; M. H., International 
Young Men's Christian Association College, 1917. 



Jacob T. Bowne, M. H. ; Librarian and Instructor in Library Methods, 

121 Northampton Avenue. 

In business, 1863-77; secretary Young Men's Christian Association, Hudson, 
N. Y., 1877-78; assistant secretary Brooklyn, 1878-80; secretary Newburgh, N. Y., 
1880-83; in charge of Secretarial Bureau of International Committee, New York 
City, 1883-85; professor and librarian International Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation College, 1885—; M. H., 1906; founder Historical Library of the American 
Young Men's Christian Associations, 1877; founder of the Secretaries' Insurance 
Alliance, 1880; joint editor of "Association Handbook," 1887-92; author "Decimal 
Classification for Association Publications," 1891; joint author "Decimal Classifica- 
tion for Physical Training," 1901; compiler "Classified Bibliography of Boy Life 
and Organized Work With Boys," 1906. 



Frank N. Seerley, B. Ph., M. D., M. H., Dean; Hygiene and Psychology, 

180 West ford Avenue. 

General secretary Young Men's Christian Association, Iowa City, Iowa, 1883-85; 
general secretary Davenport, Iowa, 1886-87; general secretary Oshkosh, Wis., 
1888-89; student International Young Men's Christian Association College, 1889-90; 
professor, 1890 — ; M. D., State University, Vermont, 1891; B. Ph., State Univer- 
sity, Iowa, 1896; student Clark University Summer School three years; member 
Springfield Board of Education, 1896-1912; student in psychology at University of 
Paris and physical director Paris Young Men's Christian Association, 1903-04: 
M. H., International Young Men's Christian Association College, 1907; Dean, 
1907 — ; Lecturer in colleges under college department, International Committee, 
1912—; Y. M. C. A. war work, 1917-19. 



Hanford M. Burr, B. A., B. D., M. H. ; Christian History, Economics and 
Philosophy, 54 Alden Street. 

B. A., Amherst College, 1885; B. D., Hartford Theological Seminary, 1888; 
assistant pastor First Church, Lowell, Mass., 1889; pastor Park Church, Spring- 
field, Mass., 1890-92; professor International Young Men's Christian Association 
College, 1892 — ; M. H., 1911; postgraduate work in sociology, economics and 
psychology at Columbia University, 1897; author "Studies in Adolescent Boyhood," 
1907; "Donald McRea," 1911; "Around the Fire," 1912; "Tales of Telal," 1914; 
"The Inner Office," 1916. 



James H. McCurdy, A. M., M. D., M. P. E. ; Director of Physical Course, 

93 West ford Avenue. 

Assistant secretary Bangor, Me., 1887; physical director Auburn, Me., 1888; 
student International Young Men's Christian Association College, 1889-90; athletic 
and aquatic director New York City Association, 1891-94; M. D., New York Uni- 
versity, 1893; physical and medical director Twenty-third Street Branch Associa- 



9 



tion, New York City, 1893-95; professor International Young Men's Christian 
Association College, 1895 — ; M. P. E., 1907; graduate student in physiology of exer- 
cise Harvard Medical School, 1896 and 1900; lecturer on physiology of exercise 
Harvard Summer School, 1903-11; joint author "Decimal Classification for Physical 
Training," 1901; member of the Academy of Physical Education, of the Physical 
Directors' Society of the Young Men's Christian Associations of North America, of 
the College Directors' Society, of the Society for the Study of Athletics, of the 
permanent committee on International School Hygiene, and of the National commis- 
sion on the reorganization of secondary education; delegate to the National Colle- 
giate Athletic Association; special collaborator for the United States Bureau of 
Education; president American Athletic Federation; author "Bibliography of 
Physical Training," 1905; editor American Physical Education Review, 1906 — ; 
honorary graduate Sargent Normal School, 1907; graduate student Clark University, 
1908-09; A. M., Clark University, 1909; director Division Health, Hygiene and 
Athletics, War Work Council Y. M. C. A., France, 1917-18. 

William G. Ballantine, D. D., LL, D.; The Bible, 

179 Long Hill Street. 

A. B., Marietta College, 1868; A. M., 1874; graduate Union Theological Semi- 
nary, New York, 1872; student University of Leipsic, 1872-73; D. D., Marietta 
College, 1885; LL. D., Western Reserve University, 1891; assistant engineer 
American Palestine Exploring Expedition, 1873; professor of chemistry and nat- 
ural science, Ripon College, 1874-76; assistant professor of Greek, Indiana Uni- 
versity, 1876-78; professor of Greek and Hebrew, Oberlin Theological Seminary, 
1878-81; professor of Old Testament language and literature, 1881-91; president 
Oberlin College, 1891-96; professor International Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation College, 1897 — ; author of "Inductive Logic"; student University of Berlin, 
1907-08. 



John F. Simons, B. H. ; Registrar, 94 Massachusetts Avenue. 

Business, 1890-96; general secretary Young Men's Christian Association, Phil- 
mont, N. Y., 1896-97; graduate International Young Men's Christian Association 
College, 1900; postgraduate course, 1901; assistant librarian, 1898-1910; B. H., 
1910; registrar, 1910 — . 



Elmer Berry, B. S., M. P. E. ; Associate Director of Physical Course, 
Physiology, Gymnastics and Athletics, ... 79 Albemarle Street. 

B. S., University of Nebraska, 1901 ; student assistant physical department 
University of Nebraska, 1899-1901; second lieutenant Nebraska University Cadets, 
1901; graduate International Young Men's Christian Association College, 1902; 
fellow, 1903; assistant professor, 1903-04; professor, 1904 — ; M. P. E., 1908; 
editor "A Manual of Marching"; instructor physiology of exercise and gymnastics, 
Silver Bay Summer Institute, 1906 — ; special student Harvard Medical School, 
summers 1907-08; student University of Berlin : 1912-13; author "Baseball Notes 
for Coaches and Players"; joint editor "Physical Effects of Smoking." 



Ralph L. Cheney, B. S., M. H. ; Director of Secretarial Course, Associa- 
tion Methods, Sociology, 144 Massachusetts Avenue. 

B. S., Oberlin College, 1898; in business, 1898-99; graduate International Young 
Men's Christian Association College, 1901; assistant secretary Albany, N. Y., 
Association, 1901-03; general secretary Niagara Falls, N. Y., 1903-07; B. H., Inter- 
national Young Men's Christian Association College, 1907; M. H., 1916; professor, 
1907 — ; instructor Association Methods and Municipal Sociology, Silver Bay Sum- 
mer Institute, 1908 — ; Graduate work in Sociology and Economics, Columbia Uni- 
versity Summer School, 1914; camp general secretary, Camp Upton, 1918; secretary 
Personnel Bureau overseas, War Work Council, 1919. 



Frederick S. Hyde, B. A., B. D. ; General History, English, Music, 

4 Gerrish Court. 

Graduate Amherst College, 1888; teacher in Syrian Protestant College, Beirut, 
Syria, 1888-92; graduate Union Theological Seminary, N. Y., 1894; pastor Con- 
gregational Church, Groton, Conn., 1894-1907; professor International Young Men's 
Christian Association College, 1907 — ; editor "Springfield College Songs." 



10 



George B. Affleck, B. A., A. M., M. P. E. ; Hygiene, Anthropometry, His- 
tory, Aquatics, 2 Gtmn Square. 

Graduate Manitoba Provincial Normal School, 1895; B. A., University of Mani- 
toba, 1897; assistant secretary Young Men's Christian Association, Winnipeg, 
1898-99; physical director State Teachers College, Cedar Falls, Iowa, 1901-07; gradu- 
ate International Young Men's Christian Association College, 1901; B. P. E., 
1907; M. P. E., 1912; professor, 1908 — ; physical director Central Department 
Young Men's Christian Association, Chicago, 111., 1907-08; associate editor The 
Association Seminar, 1912-18; A. M., Clark University, 1920. 



Austin G. Johnson, B. Dl, M. P. E. ; Mathematics, Physics, 

208 Albemarle Street. 

B. Di., Iowa State Teachers College, Cedar Falls, Iowa, 1905; principal high 
school, Zearing, Iowa, 1905-06; B. P. E., International Young Men's Christian 
Association College, 1908; professor, 1909; M. P. E., 1918; playground supervisor, 
Louisville, Ky., summers 1909 and 1910. 



Walter J. Campbell, M. A.; Director of County Work Course; County 
Work Methods, Rural Economics and Rural Sociology, 

68 Dunmoreland Avenue. 

B. A., Princeton University, 1899; Princeton Theological Seminary, 1899-1902; 
M. A., Princeton University, 1902; director of playgrounds, New York City, 
summers 1900 and 1901; pastor Presbyterian Church, Suffern, N. Y., 1902-06; 
associate State County Work secretary for New York, 1906-11; State County 
Work secretary for Pennsylvania, 1911-14; director of County Work course, 
International Young Men's Christian Association College, • 1914 — ; member of 
faculty, Silver Bay County Work Institute, 1906 — ; leader in "Challenge of the 
Country" at Eagles Mere and Northfield Student Conferences, 1912 — ; member of 
commission on Church and Country Life of Federal Council of Churches of Christ 
in America, 1914 — ; chairman of committee on Leadership Training of American 
Country Life Association, 1918 — ; Rural Extension Division of League to Enforce 
Peace, 1919 — ; member committee on "Standardization of Research in Rural 
Sociology" of "American Sociological Society," 1916 — . 



Miss Georgina E. Carr, B. A. ; Assistant Librarian, 

5 Northampton Avenue. 

Boston University, 1905; New York State Library School, 1906; Worcester 
Public Library, 1906-07; Union College Library, 1907; Troy Public Library, 1908- 
11; International Young Men's Christian Association College, 1912 — . 



Stacy B. Betzler, B. P. E. ; Medical Gymnastics, . . 51 Westford Avenue. 

Instructor physical education Newark Academy, 1892-94; business, 1894-97; 
instructor physical education Providence, R. I., Athletic Association, 1897-98; 
student University of Virginia Medical School, 1898-99; instructor physical educa- 
tion Peekskill Military Academy, 1899-1900; Stroudsburg Normal School, 1900-01; 
Young Men's Christian Association, Cortland, N. Y., 1901-02; Young Men's Chris- 
tian Association, Madison, N. J., 1904-12; two years' training in medical gymnastic 
department Vanderbilt clinic, Columbia University; ten years' experience as 
specialist in medical gymnastics; B. P. E., International Young Men's Christian 
Association College, 1916; professor, 1916 — . 



Arthur Rudman ; Personal Ethics, Religious Normal Work, 

Silver Street, Agawam, Mass. 

Secretary Army Young Men's Christian Association, Spanish American War, 
1899-01; assistant secretary Young Men's Christian Association, Fall River, Mass., 
1901-04; secretary Army Young _ Men's Christian Association, Philippine Islands, 
1904-07; the Presidio, San Francisco, Cal., 1908-11; secretary county Young Men's 
Christian Association, Franklin County, Mass., 1911-13; pastor First Congregational 
Church, Greenfield, Mass., 1913-16; secretary Army Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation, Mexican Border, 1916-17; secretary War Work Council, France, December, 
1917-April, 1918; professor International Young Men's Christian Association Col- 
lege, 1917 — ; director army work secretaries course, 1917-18. 



11 



Stanley C. Ball, Ph. B., Ph. D.; Biology, . . . .151 Sumner Avenue. 

Ph. B., Sheffield Scientific School, Yale University, 1911; Ph. D., Graduate 
School, Yale University, 1915; assistant curator zoology, Peabody Museum, Yale 
University, 1914-15; draftsman, Marine Biological Laboratory of Carnegie Institu- 
tion, Tortugas Islands, Fla., 1913-14; research staff, 1917; instructor zoology, 
Massachusetts Agricultural College, 1916-17; professor International Young Men's 
Christian Association College, 1918 — . 

George E. Dawson, A. B., Ph. D. ; Experimental Psychology, Anthropology, 

Rogers Avenue, West Springfield. 

A. B., University of Michigan, 1887; student University of Leipzig, 1888-89; 
Fellow psychology Clark University, 1895-97 and Ph. D., 1897; professor of English 
and classical languages, Carleton Institute, Farmington, Mo., 1887-88; principal 
Oil City, Pa., high school, 1889-91; professor English and literature, State Agricul- 
tural and Mechanical College of South Dakota, 1891-93; instructor English, Uni- 
versity of Michigan, 1893-95; professor psychology, Bible Normal College, Spring- 
field, Mass., 1897-1901; head department English and History, Pratt Institute, 
Brooklyn, N. Y., 1901-02; professor psychology, School of Religious Pedagogy, Hart- 
ford, Conn., 1902-1919; professor of education, Mount Holyoke College, 1903-08; 
director psychological laboratory, Henry Barnard public school, Hartford, Conn., 
1908-16; clinical psychologist, Springfield, Mass., public schools, 1913 — ; lecturer 
psychology, University of Chicago, summers 1899 and 1911; lecturer history of 
education and educational psychology, New York University, 1905-06; professor 
experimental psychology and anthropology, International Young Men's Christian 
Association College, 1919 — . 

Wilford C. McCarty; Director Boys Work Course, 

64 Dunmoreland Street. 

Assistant secretary Young Men's Christian Association, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1905-06; 
financial, social, assistant secretary, Chattanooga, Tenn., 1907-10; general secretary, 
Hampton, Va., 1910-13; district secretary Virginia state committee, 1913-16; state 
boys secretary, Virginia, 1916-18; transport secretary War Work Council, 1918-19; 
professor International Young Men's Christian Association College, 1919 — . 

Lewis E. Hawkins, B. H. ; Secretary, . . . .115 Albemarle Street. 

Assistant secretary Young Men's Christian Association, Cambridge, Mass., 1898- 
99; general secretary, New Rochelle, N. Y., 1899-03; Orange, N. J., 1903-06; state 
secretary, New Jersey, 1906-10; general secretary, Providence, R. I., 1910-17; 
Young Men's Christian Association war work, United States, Mexico and France, 
1917-19; graduate International Young Men's Christian Association College, 1898; 
B. H., 1907; secretary, 1919—. 

Paul Otto, B. P. E. ; Gymnastics, Athletics, Normal Work, 

2 Gerrish Court. 

Instructor physical education, Mount Hermon preparatory school, 1912-15; 
director physical education, Boys' Club, Springfield, Mass., 1915-18; officer F. A., 
U. S. A., 1918; B. P. E., International Young Men's Christian Association College, 
1918; professor, 1919 — . 

Warren C. Wade, B. S., B. P. E. ; Chemistry, Physical Practice, 

101 Northampton Avenue. 

Spencerian Business College, Milwaukee. Wis., 1904-05; Beloit College, Wis., 
1906-07 and 1908-11; B. S., 1911; instructor chemistry, physics and athletics, high 
school, 1911-15; U. S. Army, Infantry, 1917-19, first lieutenant, 1918; B. P. E., 
International Young Men's Christian Association College, 1917; professor, 1919 — . 

Leslie J. Judd, B. P. E. ; Gymnastics and Athletics, Varsity Gymnastic 
Team Coach, 61 Dunmoreland Street. 

Business, 1905-10; championship gymnastic teams, National Eistedfod, Ballarat, 
Australia, 1906-07; physical director Young Men's Christian Association, St. 
Patrick's and Church of England Colleges, Ballarat, 1910-11; Perth Association, 
Western Australia, 1911-13; Bedford Branch, Brooklyn, N. Y., 1913-15; honorary 
captain with Australian Imperial Forces in France, 1917-19; graduate Silver Bay 
Summer School, 1915, member faculty, 1920; member faculty Summer Schoo'l 
International Young Men's Christian Association College, 1920; B. P. E., Inter- 
national Young Men's Christian Association College, 1920; professor, 1920 — . 



12 



John D. Brock, B. P. E. ; Physical Normal Work, Gymnastics and Ath- 



Physical director boys' camps, 1909-10; physical director Young Men's Christian 
Association, Bridgeport, Conn., 1910-17; instructor gymnastics Silver Bay, 1917; 
Y. M. C. A. camp physical director, Camp Jackson, 1917; director physical training 
and recreation, First Corps School, France — appointment by French Minister of 
War to Centre Regional Physique a Lyon, 1918; city physical director Young 
Men's Christian Association, Bridgeport, 1919-20; B. P. E., International Young 
Men's Christian Association College, 1910; professor, 1920 — . 



Philip S. Moxom, A. B., A. M., D. D. ; New Testament, 

92 High Street. 



A. B., University of Rochester, 1879; A. M., 1882; student Rochester Theological 
Seminary, 1875-78; D. D., Brown University, 1892; pastor First Baptist Church, 
Cleveland, Ohio, 1879-85; First Baptist Church, Boston, Mass., 1885-93; South 
Congregational Church, Springfield, Mass., 1894-17; pastor emeritus, 1917 — ; Uni- 
versity preacher Harvard, Yale, Cornell, Vassar, Wellesley, Amherst, Williams, 
Dartmouth, Bowdoin, Chicago, etc.; Lowell lecturer, 1895; author "The Church 
in the First Three Centuries"; "Browning and Turgenief." 



Mrs. Carolyn D. Doggett, M. A. ; English Literature, 



A. B., Oberlin College, 1890; M. A., Wellesley College, 1893; Leipsic University, 
graduate work in English, 1894-95; instructor in Greek and general history, Pike 
Seminary, Pike, N. Y., 1885-88; principal Women's Department and professor 
English literature and English history, Washburn College, Topeka, Kan., 1893-94; 
instructor English literature, International Young Men's Christian Association 
College, 1898—; instructor MacDuffie School, 1906-09. 

Mrs. Margaret M. Otto, B. A.; English, 2 Gerrish Court. 

B. A., Bucknell University, Lewisburg, Pa., 1918; teacher English and history, 
High School for Girls, Reading Pa., 1918-19; instructor English, International 
Young Men's Christian Association College, 1919 — . 

Miss I. A. Richardson, 181 Massachusetts Avenue. 



Irvin D. Custer; Preparatory Physics, .... 47 Shillingford Street. 
Robert J. Conklin ; Preparatory English, . . . .47 Shillingford Street. 



letics, 



142 Massachusetts Avenue. 



250 Alden Street. 



Association Bookkeeping 
Bookkeeping 



Arthur R. Crawford; Mathematics, 



Alden Street. 



Supervisors of Religious Education 



R. H. Begg 
J. E. Bullock 
C E. Fitch 
Judson Ford 
C. V. Herron 
H. J. Hoyer 



G. H. Ay Is worth 



D. G. Magee 
K. G. Montague 
H. A. Mountain 



A. T. Noren 
R. W. Parker 
A. S. Peabody 
R. W. Peters 



L. C. Husbands 



L. L. Watson, Jr. 



Object 

The International Young Men's Christian Association College 
is the oldest professional school for training officers for service 
in the Young Men's Christian Association. Its primary object is 
to train officers for the Association. It was created and has been 
carried on by representatives of this organization. Only students 
with the ideals of the Association who desire to devote their 
lives to service among boys and young men are admitted. It has 
been found that Christian young men who have the qualifications 
for success in the Young Men's Christian Association are also in 
demand for service in other organizations of a similar character. 
Christian young men desiring to fit for similar service under other 
auspices are also admitted. 

The courses of study are as follows : 

I. General Course 

The general course fits all students for leadership in religious 
and social work. It aims to give the highest intellectual culture 
and a religious education in harmony with the results of modern 
science and biblical scholarship. This course embraces studies 
which underlie the work of an Association officer. Based upon 
the general course, which is taken by all students, are the techni- 
cal courses which give a training for the particular department of 
service which the student expects to enter after graduation. 

II. Technical Courses 

1. Secretarial Administration. This course prepares men for 
the various forms of secretarial administration. It trains men to 
become heads of departments and general secretaries. The four 
years' course enables the College to give extended instruction in 
business administration. This course is also adapted to prepare 
men for institutional work in churches, social settlements and 
kindred organizations. Religious work directors for Young Men's 
Christian Associations or churches will find this course of great 
value. 

2. Physical Education. This course prepares Christian young 
men for work in physical education as physical directors in the 



14 

Young Men's Christian Association, in schools and colleges and 
in similar institutions. In recent years many openings have come 
for physical directors in connection with the playground move- 
ment. Advanced work in medical gymnastics is one of the fea- 
tures of this course. 

3. County Work. The object of this course is to prepare stu- 
dents for leadership in religious, social and physical work among 
boys and young men in the country as county work secretaries or 
physical directors. This course covers four years, three years 
being taken at Springfield and one year at the Massachusetts 
Agricultural College at Amherst. 

4. Boys Work. The object of this course is to train men for 
leadership in work among boys. When the College was founded 
in 1885 there were 400 employed officers in the Young Men's 
Christian Association. There are now 700 secretaries giving 
their entire time to work among boys and a large number of men 
occupying similar positions in boys' clubs, social settlements and 
kindred organizations. 

5. Industrial Course. The object of this course is to train 
leaders for religious, social and recreative work among men in 
industry. This course gives special attention to the study of 
economic and social problems and of the methods of Christian 
service among men in industrial pursuits. 

Historical Sketch 

The rapid extension of the Association movement between 
1870 and 1885, the erection of large buildings and the marked 
increase in the size of individual Associations created a demand 
for trained men as officers. Later has come the widening of the 
field for social, religious and physical education. 

It was in response to such appeals that this institution was 
founded by Rev. David Allen Reed, in Springfield, Mass., in 1885, 
under the name of the School for Christian Workers. Mr. Jacob 
T. Bowne, one of the secretaries of the International Committee, 
was called to take charge of the department for training 
Association officers. This was the pioneer attempt to train 
secretaries for the Young Men's Christian Association in a 
professional school, all previous efforts having been made either 



15 



in summer schools or training centers. Many of the leaders 
in the secretaryship throughout the world are graduates of the 
Springfield College. In 1886 the department for physical training 
was established under the direction of Dr. Luther Halsey Gulick. 
This course has prepared a large proportion of the physical 
directors now in Association work and many of the leaders in 
other forms of physical education. In 1890, as a result of a 
demand from the Associations, the Association department was 
separately incorporated as the International Young Men's Chris- 
tian Association Training School. The following year a desirable 
property, consisting of thirty acres of land bordering on Massasoit 
Lake, was purchased. After determined effort, under the leader- 
ship of Mr. Oliver C. Morse, corresponding secretary of the 
Training School, funds were secured for a model gymnasium 
building, which was completed in 1894. An athletic field was 
equipped for sports the same year. The pressing need of a 
dormitory and recitation hall was met by the erection in 1896 of 
the present attractive headquarters of the institution. In the 
spring of 1901, through the efforts of the students, the Washing- 
ton Gladden boathouse was erected. In the summer of 1904, 
through the generosity of Mrs. Eleanor S. Woods of Springfield, 
a most attractive social building, containing a dining hall, parlor 
and additional dormitory facilities, was erected and equipped at 
a cost of $20,000. Gerrish Grove, consisting of twenty-five acres 
of land, was added to the campus in 1906. 

In view of the increase in the number of students and as a 
fitting recognition of the twenty-fifth anniversary, which occurred 
in 1910, an effort was undertaken by the trustees to greatly 
extend the equipment of the College and thus enable it to do 
an enlarged and more specialized work. This plan involved a 
new library building, an additional gymnasium, a new athletic 
field, a heating plant, a dormitory and a large addition to the 
endowment. Marked progress has been made in carrying out 
these plans for a larger work. Through the generosity of Mr. 
Herbert L. Pratt, the new athletic field was completed in the fall 
of 1910. The new gymnasium and the remodeling of the old 
gymnasium have provided an excellent equipment for the physical 
department. The heating and lighting plant adds much to the 
comfort and efficiency of the work of the College. Mr. Herbert 



16 

L. Pratt has further contributed to the cause of physical education 
by providing the McCurdy natatorium, which was opened for use 
in May, 1913, at a cost of $25,000. In October, 1913, the new 
library building was dedicated by Honorable William Howard 
Taft. This is a fireproof building of the most modern appoint- 
ments, erected at a cost of $80,000. In the spring of 1917, at a 
cost of $16,000, eleven acres adjoining Pratt Field were added to 
the College campus. In the fall of 1918 Woods Hall, at an ex- 
pense of $40,000, was transformed into a modern student Associa- 
tion building, furnishing an admirable center for student life and 
the work of the student Association. These grounds and build- 
ings, with the advantages of Massasoit Lake, make an ideal equip- 
ment, while the proximity of 300,000 people within ten miles 
of the College campus affords admirable opportunity for leader- 
ship in altruistic endeavor. 

With this external development there has been an even more 
important internal educational evolution. This has resulted in a 
carefully shaped curriculum of study, covering four years for 
high school students and a graduate department for college gradu- 
ates. Another result has been the gathering of a competent 
faculty of specialists. 

Since its inception, this College has stood for the study of 
humanics. Following the ideals of the Young Men's Christian 
Association, it has studied the nature of man from three aspects — 
body, mind and spirit. This conception furnishes a philosophy 
for the curriculum and is a guiding principle which gives unity 
and symmetry to the work. Religious instruction is based upon 
a study of biology, psychology and sociology. 

The College has stood for a high type of manliness in athletics. 
It has been an earnest advocate of clean sport and gentlemanliness 
on the athletic field and on the gymnasium floor. 

Religious Education and Social Service 

The International Young Men's Christian Association College 
has arisen in response to present-day needs. It has grown out of 
the changed conditions in city and rural life and the new concep- 
tion of Christian work. 

1. Religious Education. A religious education based on the 



17 

study of human needs and the religious heritage of the race, in 
touch with modern thought and adapted to the conditions of the 
present day, is one of the important opportunities afforded by the 
College at Springfield. A religious education must have at least 
three elements — a study of the Bible, a study of the development 
of Christian thought and history, and of the social, economic, 
moral and religious needs of our time. These courses are funda- 
mental to all institutional workers whether in the secretaryship 
or the physical directorship, in social settlements or in boys' clubs. 
Just as the Young Men's Christian Association has placed its 
welfare and institutional work on a religious basis, so the College 
relates its technical and social courses to religious education. 

2. Social Service. The College aims to fit all of its stu- 
dents for social service as a natural result of a religious educa- 
tion. The industrial environment of today demands Christian 
men who understand the civilization in which they live and the 
needs of men around them. Through courses in economics, 
sociology, municipal sociology, community and personal hygiene, 
ethics and methods of work among young men and boys, the 
College offers most attractive courses of study. 

These courses in social service and religious education are fun- 
damental to the various phases of work for the religious and 
social betterment of men and boys as carried on at the present day. 

Degrees and Diplomas 

The College possesses a charter from the Massachusetts Legis- 
lature giving the right to grant degrees. 

The degree prescribed for the secretarial course, the county 
work course, the boys work course and the industrial course is 
Bachelor of Humanics (B.H.). This is in recognition of the stu- 
dent's having completed a thorough study of man — spiritually, 
intellectually, socially and physically. 

The degree prescribed for the physical course is Bachelor of 
Physical Education (B.P.E.), in recognition of the student's 
having completed a thorough course in physical education. 

For graduate work are given the degrees of Master of Human- 
ics (M.H.) and Master of Physical Education (M.P.E.). 

By vote of the trustees in April, 1915, it was provided that 



18 

students entering with the college year, beginning September, 
1916, will be expected to cover four years' work for a bachelor's 
degree. 

Students who take the three years' course will be granted a 
diploma and will have the standing of alumni of the College. 

Recognition by a number of institutions of higher learning is 
given to graduates of the College who desire to do graduate work. 
Arrangements have been made with Teachers College of New 
York City by which students from Springfield with a bachelor's 
degree from this institution will receive senior standing in the 
undergraduate department. Such students at the end of one 
year's residence will be recommended to Columbia University for 
a B.S. degree and at the end of two years' residence for an M.A. 
degree. 

College Graduates 

The course for college graduates covers two years. Credit 
will be given for satisfactory work done in other institutions. 

The impression has prevailed among some that a college edu- 
cation without professional training is adequate for success in the 
general secretaryship or the physical directorship. This is not 
justified by experience. 

The value of professional training for Association leaders 
has been clearly expressed by the Employed Officers of the North 
American Associations as follows : 

"It is evident that, so far as length of service is concerned, the 
men recruited through the Training Schools have a distinct advan- 
tage, and that college graduates recruited through the Training 
Schools, although as yet comparatively few, are the most perma- 
nent recruits we receive, their likelihood of permanency being 
more than doubled by the Training School course. The losses 
from the ranks of both college graduates and men out of practical 
life are appalling. Only about one in four of college graduates 
and one in five men from practical life, entering without special 
professional training, prove to be permanent." 

Graduates of the International Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation College serve more than twice as long in the Young Men's 
Christian Association as college graduates without this prepara- 
tion. 



19 

Physical training offers to the college graduate the advantages 
of a comparatively new profession. The increase in the number 
of positions in Associations, preparatory schools and colleges 
during the last fifteen years has been very marked. There is also 
increasing demand for physical directors in the city schools. The 
Associations, schools and colleges are searching for men of moral 
earnestness and Christian character who have the necessary 
technical knowledge and executive ability. 

The need of technical training for physical directors is clearly 
shown by the fact that only nineteen per cent of those who enter 
through an apprenticeship succeed. Of the college graduates 
who have entered the physical directorship without technical 
preparation, twenty-three per cent have served five years or more, 
while eighty-six per cent of the graduates of the College at Spring- 
field have rendered five or more years of service in their chosen 
calling. 

Under classmen of other institutions are invited to correspond 
regarding the selection of courses of study while they are pre- 
paring to come to Springfield. 

The commission on recruiting and training of employed officers, 
meeting at Atlantic City, April, 1916, made the following report: 

"The Association Colleges are the standard agencies of prepara- 
tion for the Association vocation. Summer schools are primarily 
for continuation study and secondarily for introductory and 
preparatory study. The training centers are intended to provide 
instruction and coaching in selected local Associations for the 
preparatory and supplementary training of the local staff." 

The International Convention held at Cleveland in May, 1916, 
adopted the following resolution : 

Recommendation Nine : "The most efficient type of vocational 
training as a rule is possible only in the Association College, and 
emphasis should be placed upon this training as most desirable." 

Buildings and Grounds 

The College has been provided with a property admirably 
adapted to its purpose, located on both shores of Massasoit Lake. 
The campus and athletic grounds now consist of sixty-five acres 
of land, within fifteen minutes' ride of the center of the city. In 



20 

addition to this, on the opposite side of the lake, the College 
possesses Gerrish Grove, a tract of twenty-five acres. 

ADMINISTRATION BUILDING 

The administration building is an attractive four-story brick 
structure, overlooking the lake. The first floor contains the lec- 
ture hall, the reception room and business offices. 

The three upper floors contain three classrooms and sleeping 
rooms for ninety students. Each floor is provided with lavatories 
and baths. In the basement there is provision for a chemical 
laboratory and storerooms. 

LIBRARY 

The library building, a fireproof structure with a modern library 
equipment, occupies the southern side of a quadrangle which is 
the center of the College campus. This building is particularly 
designed for the students of a technical school. 

Special seminar rooms are provided with forty-eight private 
desks so that theses and original studies can be followed consecu- 
tively. 

The library contains 16,000 bound volumes and some 26,500 
pamphlets and magazines bearing upon the subjects taught in the 
institution. These include a valuable historical collection of 
Young Men's Christian Association publications in nineteen lan- 
guages and dialects and covering the work of more than seventy- 
five years ; also "The Gulick Collection of Physical Training," one 
of the most complete collections of works on this subject. The 
county work library is an important and growing collection. Addi- 
tions are being made continually to all these sections. 

The reading room has on file eleven dailies, eighteen weeklies 
and ninety-one monthlies. 

The general library is supported by income from "The Mary R. 
Searle Memorial Fund," and from current gifts of alumni, stu- 
dents and friends. 

The Springfield Public Library containing upwards of 250,000 
volumes, one of the great circulating libraries of the country, 
is by the courtesy of that institution at the service of the students 
without expense. 



21 

GYMNASIUMS 

The East Gymnasium 

This building, erected in 1894, the gift of Col. Charles A. Hop- 
kins, Mr. Preston B. Keith, Mr. Benjamin Thaw and Mr. Row- 
land Hazard, has been entirely remodeled in its heating, venti- 
lating, lighting, locker and bathing features. It is thoroughly 
equipped with dumb-bells, wands, Indian clubs, stall bars and 
heavy apparatus. The size of the gymnasium floor is 48 by 74 
feet. This building contains two offices on the first floor and 
three rooms on the second floor equipped with up-to-date appa- 
ratus for use in medical gymnastics. 

The West Gymnasium 

This building, erected in 1911, is a model gymnasium. It con- 
tains in the basement rooms for boxing, wrestling, fencing, a 
locker room used for extension courses, a lecture room for class 
teaching of physical education theory and a storeroom. On the 
first floor is the gymnasium, 57 by 97 feet. On the second floor 
is a running track constructed with a visitors' gallery next the 
railing. 

McCurdy Natatorium 

Between the two gymnasiums, there was completed in the 
spring of 1913 the McCurdy natatorium, the gift of Mr. Herbert 
L. Pratt of New York City. The room is 42 by 84 feet and is 
thoroughly ventilated by plenum and exhaust systems. The 
plunge is 24 by 60 feet, with water depth of from 4 to 8 feet. 
Walls and floor of both room and plunge are finished in white 
tile and the ample skylight renders the entire room cheerful and 
healthful. 

Tower 

The basement has on the north side the fan room and on the 
south side the massage, hot room, lavatory and toilet. The first 
floor contains six offices for administration purposes. On the 
second floor are located the physiological laboratory with tables 
for thirty-four men and a lecture room seating comfortably 
seventy-five men. 



22 

WOODS HALL 

In Woods Hall the College possesses an up-to-date student 
Association building which is the center of undergraduate life and 
furnishes an excellent opportunity for normal training in adminis- 
tration and religious work. The donor of this building was Mrs. 
Eleanor S. Woods, who had observed the need of greater social 
opportunities for the students. The central feature of Woods 
Hall is a dining room, attractively equipped, which accommodates 
two hundred guests. The building contains a model kitchen with 
modern equipment. The second floor is given up to the student 
store, post office, committee offices, guest rooms, moving picture 
outfit and social parlor. 

PLAYING FIELDS 

Pratt Field 

This field, the gift in 1910 of Mr. Herbert L. Pratt, was said by 
James E. Sullivan, organizer of the Amateur Athletic Union, and 
other experts to be the best practical field in the United States. 
It contains a quarter-mile track, 220-yard straightaway twenty- 
four feet wide, eleven runways and pits for jumping and vault- 
ing, seven tennis courts, a football field and a baseball diamond. 
A reinforced concrete fence eight feet high surrounds the field. 

East and West Fields 

These fields were leveled and equipped in 1910. Each has a 
football gridiron and a baseball diamond. 

THE WASHINGTON GLADDEN BOATHOUSE 

Through the efforts of the students and the generous gift of 
Mr. Frank Beebe of Springfield, a boathouse was erected in the 
fall of 1901 on the borders of Massasoit Lake. Massasoit Lake, 
which is two miles in length, furnishes an admirable opportunity 
for training in aquatics. A canoe carnival, probably the finest 
held in New England, is one of the picturesque events of Com- 
mencement week. 

GERRISH GROVE 

By a gift of the late Jacob Gerrish of Springfield, the College 
is enabled to preserve to a large extent the beauty of the shores of 



23 

Massasoit Lake. Mr. Gerrish before his death deeded to the 
College twenty-five acres of land on the shores of Massasoit Lake 
opposite the College grounds. This is useful for camping and 
athletic purposes. 

LABORATORIES 

The laboratory for the study of physiological physics and 
chemistry gives special attention to the study of the mechanics 
of the body and chemistry of digestion. Considerable equipment 
has been added to this laboratory recently, thus providing for a 
larger number of students and more extended experimental work. 

The physiological laboratory, for the study of physiology of 
exercise, is equipped with ergographs, sphygmographs, sphyg- 
momanometers, pneumographs, etc. Progress has been made in 
the study of blood pressure and the effects of fatigue. 

The equipment in the biological laboratory was the gift of Mr. 
F. M. Kirby and is known as the F. M. Kirby Biological Labora- 
tory. Additional gifts from year to year have increased its 
facilities. This laboratory is supplied with microscopes for the 
study of physiological structure and a microprojection apparatus 
which enables the entire class to do work in common. This labora- 
tory is also used for work in histology. 

SCIENCE MUSEUM 

It is the aim of the College to collect a carefully arranged 
science museum which shall have two purposes : First, to show 
human evolution, indicating the place of man in the world. Sec- 
ond, a natural history collection which will be of use in training 
workers among boys. Already a beginning has been made in 
these two collections and a sufficient amount of material has been 
secured to illustrate the subjects desired. 

Normal Practice 

The College is located in the Connecticut Valley in one of the 
most beautiful American cities, in close touch with some of the 
leading educational institutions of the East. 

In no part of the world are there so many highly developed 
Young Men's Christian Associations as in the eastern section of 



24 

the United States. The proximity of New York City with its 
varied work for young men, international, state and local, fur- 
nishes an opportunity to see all forms of Association activity in 
operation. The annual tour by the Junior and Senior classes and 
the frequent visits of Association leaders, bring the student into 
vital touch with the most aggressive phases of the Association 
movement. Association gatherings are frequently held at the 
College and opportunities occur each year for attending conven- 
tions. The churches of Springfield gladly welcome the services 
of the students in Bible teaching and in various forms of Christian 
work. The summer conferences at Northfield are within easy 
reach. 

The College carries on a more extensive religious work than 
many of our large Associations. At the present time two hun- 
dred or more students are holding office or teaching in the church 
schools, singing in choirs, actively promoting missionary interests, 
working in Young People's Societies, etc. 

Students in the county work course have unusual opportuni- 
ties for normal practice. The Hampden County Improvement 
League is a new and virile organization for rural betterment. 
This League has a program affecting the life of the entire county 
— economic, social, intellectual, religious and physical. The offi- 
cers of this organization gladly furnish opportunities for students 
of the College to engage in religious betterment. These oppor- 
tunities are particularly desirable for men wishing to enter the 
county work of the Young Men's Christian Association. 

The Boy Scout movement furnishes many opportunities for 
social service. Students from the College are called on to serve 
as leaders and also to give instruction in first aid and hygiene. 
Several patrols of scouts under the direction of students meet 
in the West Gymnasium. 

The Sunday School Athletic League of Springfield, enrolling 
over 500 boys, is almost entirely under the direction of students. 

This work and much of the normal work among boys is carried 
on in the evening in the gymnasiums, so that some 800 boys 
come to the College weekly and are under the leadership of its 
students. Students also have charge of the athletic teams repre- 
senting the different grammar schools of the city. 

Athletic clubs in connection with several of the churches also 



25 

employ students as directors. These various activities afford 
excellent opportunities for the development of executive leader- 
ship in the students thus engaged, as well as giving them practice 
in coaching and officiating. 

This work is not confined to the city of Springfield. Every 
year requests come from athletic organizations of surrounding 
cities for coaches, officials and gymnastic teachers. The normal 
work has grown very rapidly during recent years. Forty coaches 
and officials were furnished for Rugby football the past season 
and an equal number for Association football, basket ball, base- 
ball and track. 

One of the most attractive opportunities for normal practice is 
in connection with the Springfield high schools, which enrol over 
1,500 boys between the ages of fifteen and nineteen. 

The Springfield Boys' Club for street boys is another oppor- 
tunity. This club is under the direction of one of the graduates 
of the College. It occupies an attractive building erected at a 
cost of $60,000 and has branches in different parts of the city. 
Students serving these clubs have opportunity to lead in athletics 
and to give physical examinations. 

The playground associations of Springfield and other cities 
employ a considerable number of students during the summer. 
The curriculum offers courses to all students who wish to prepare 
for playground work. The playgrounds throughout the country 
furnish an admirable opportunity for students to get experience 
during vacations and also to earn money for their college ex- 
penses. 

The Student Young Men's Christian Association at the College, 
through its various committees, carries on a large variety of 
activities — spiritual, social, intellectual and physical. This is an 
unusual organization, in many respects like a city Association. 
It is one of the few student Associations which carry on an all- 
round work. The budget last year of this Association, including 
current expenses, the dining hall, athletic games and the student 
store, amounted to $80,000. The student Association is entirely 
administered by the students of the College. There are eighteen 
departments, each one of which is in charge of a committee. 
Among the features carried on by the student Association are an 
employment bureau and a monthly magazine. All of these activi- 



26 

ties furnish opportunity for training in executive work. The stu- 
dent Association employs a secretary who gives his whole time 
to the supervision of its work. 

The dramatic club affords opportunities for training in dramatic 
expression which is carried on under the leadership of competent 
teachers. 

The International Young Men's Christian Association College 
stands for the most thorough practical as well as theoretical train- 
ing. The opportunities for participating in the various phases of 
work for young men and boys are abundant. In the city of 
Springfield a strong Association work has been developed on the 
metropolitan basis. The organization includes a central branch, 
two railroad branches and two student Associations. 

The Central Branch is located in the heart of the city and has 
3,500 members. The work is developed symmetrically. Special 
mention should be made here of the boys' department with 700 
members and the strong industrial department which is reaching 
large numbers of men. The Sunday program is one of unusual 
interest. Large meetings are held in the auditorium, which seats 
4,000 people. These meetings bring to Springfield many leaders 
in Christian thought. The new building, which was entered in 
May, 1916, was erected at a cost of $350,000. 

The Springfield Railroad Branch has an attractive building 
erected at a cost of $25,000. Its work is among 1,000 railway 
men employed by the three lines which pass through the city. An 
excellent opportunity is here afforded the students to participate 
in a modern progressive railroad department. 

The West Side Railroad Branch has recently erected a new 
building at a cost of $50,000. This is attractively equipped with 
complete facilities for work among railroad men. As the build- 
ing is located near the railroad shops an excellent opportunity is 
afforded to see a community work in successful operation. 

The village Association at Mittineague, an industrial commu- 
nity where work is done for both sexes, furnishes another oppor- 
tunity for participating in social service. 

The Ludlow Institute, also in a large manufacturing town, in 
a similar way enables students to share in community service. 

The Holyoke Association has one of the finest buildings and 
gymnasiums in western Massachusetts and a well-developed 



27 

Association work is carried on in all departments. Aggressive 
work is being conducted for the men in the mills and factories. 

The Westfield Association has an attractive building in a com- 
munity of 15,000 people, with a membership of some 300 young 
men. The regular Association features are well represented. 

These various Young Men's Christian Associations are within 
easy reach by trolley of the College campus and give to the 
students a valuable opportunity to keep in active touch with work 
for young men and boys. 

Religious Life 

The students and faculty, through prayer meetings, chapel 
exercises and the study of the Bible, strive to maintain an 
earnest religious life in the institution. The week of prayer 
for young men is observed in November. Speakers of special 
power in inspiring students are invited from time to time to visit 
the College. There is a spirit of mutual helpfulness and brother- 
liness among the young men which is a means of real religious 
training. 

The personal relations between the faculty and the students 
are most intimate. Interviews are frequent regarding the great 
problems of religious experience, the transition through which 
a student passes in readjusting his religious views to the results 
of science and scholarship and regarding the personal problems 
which confront a young man who wishes to make his life count 
in Christian service. There are many opportunities for Chris- 
tian work in Springfield and a member of the faculty, Mr. 
Rudman, gives a large part of his time to supervising the religious 
work of the students and training them for teaching and leader- 
ship. 



28 



SECRETARIAL COURSE 

Freshman 

Hours 





per 
Week 


Terms 


Units 


Page 




4 


3 


14 


41 


Field Science (Laboratory Course) 


2 


3 


7 


41 




5 


3 


i7y 2 


42 


Physiology and Hygiene 


4 


3 


14 


46 




4 


1 


5 


38 




4 


1 


4 


38 


Association History and Literature . 


5 


1 


5/ 2 


39 


♦Playground Administration .... 


5 


1 




81 




5 


1 


sy 2 


54 


Physical Education Practice .... 


5 


3 




57 


Students must select one elective 










Sophomore 










5 


3 




36 


English Literature 


5 


3 


17*4 


47 




5 


3 


ny 2 


42 


Municipal Sociology 


5 


1 


6y 2 


48 




5 


1 


5/2 


47 




5 


1 


5/2 


50 


Physical Education Practice .... 


3 


3 


ioy 2 


57 


Junior 










Contemporary Civilization .... 


5 


2 


12 


51 




5 


1 


5/2 


50 


History and Philosophy of Religion . 


5 


1 


5/2 


39 




5 


1 




39 




5 


3 


i7y 2 


52 


World Classics by Translation . 


5 


2 


12 


51 




5 


1 


6^ 


37 




3 


1 


3 


50 


Physical Education Practice .... 


2 


3 


7 


57 


Senior 










Association Administration .... 


5 


2 


12 


44 


Principles and Methods of Boys Work . 


5 


1 




46 




3 


1 


4 


37 


Principles of Religious Education 


3 


1 


3 


37 


Methods of Religious Education . 


5 


1 


5^ 


37 




5 


2 


12 


49 




5 


1 


5/2 


47 




5 


3 


\7Y% 


54 


Physical Education Practice .... 


2 


2 


5 


57 



29 



COUNTY WORK COURSE 



Freshman 





Hours 










Week Terms 


Units 


Page 




4 


3 


14 


41 


Field Science (Laboratory Course) 


2 


3 


7 


41 


English 


5 


3 


i?y 2 


42 




4 


3 


14 


46 


Personal Ethics 


4 


1 


5 


38 


Teacher Training 


4 


1 


4 


38 


Association History and Literature . . 


5 


1 


sy 2 


39 


♦Playground Administration .... 


5 


} 


w 2 


81 


♦Camp Craft 


5 




sy 2 


54 


Physical Education Practice .... 


5 


3 


\7y 2 


57 


Students must select one elective 










Sophomore 










5 


3 


vy 2 


36 




5 


3 


\7y 2 


47 




5 


3 


\7y& 


42 




5 


1 


6 l / 2 


61 


Sociology 


5 


1 


sy 2 


50 




5 


1 


sy 2 


62 




5 


1 




37 


Physical Education Practice .... 


3 


3 


ioy 


57 


Junior 










(Massachusetts Agricu 


tural College) 










5 






63 




3 










3 








Farm Management 


5 








Agricultural Economics 


5 








Marketing — Cooperation and Credit . . 


5 








Civic Improvement and Rural Art . 


5 








Rural Education 


5 










5 








Rural Organization 


3 








Journalism 


3 









30 



Senior 





Hours 










per 
Week 


Terms 


Units 


Page 


County Work History and Methods . 


5 


3 




60 


T» i _ 1 r t»_i*_; 




1 


4 


37 


Principles of Religious Education 


3 


j 


3 


37 


Methods of Religious Education . 


e 
3 






6/ 


History and Philosophy of Religion . 


5 




5/2 


39 




5 




sy 2 


39 




5 




sy 2 


39 




5 




sy 2 


50 




5 


3 


17H 


54 


Physical Education Practice . . . 


2 


2 


5 


57 



31 



BOYS WORK COURSE 

Freshman 

Hours 





per 
Week 


Terms 


Units 


Page 




4 


3 


14 


41 


Field Science (Laboratory Course) 


2 


3 


7 


41 




5 


3 


\7y 2 


42 




4 


3 


14 


46 


Personal Ethics 


4 




5 


38 




4 


I 


4 


38 


Association History and Literature . . 


5 


I 


sy 2 


39 


♦Playground Administration .... 


5 


I 


5^2 


81 


Camp Craft 


5 


I 


sy 


54 


Physical Education Practice .... 


5 


3 


17X 


57 


Sophomore 










5 


3 


i7y 2 


36 




5 


3 


\7y 2 


47 




c 


3 


\7y 2 


42 







1 


6y 2 


48 




5 


1 


sy 


47 




5 


1 


sy 


50 


Physical Education Practice .... 


3 


3 


loy 


57 


Junior 










Contemporary Civilization .... 


5 


2 


12 


51 




5 


1 


>J/ 2 


50 


History and Philosophy of Religion . 


5 


1 


sy 


39 




5 


1 


sy 2 


39 




5 


3 


\7y 2 


52 


World Classics by Translation 


5 


2 


12 


51 


Old Testament 


5 


1 


6y 2 


37 




3 


1 


3 


50 


Physical Education Practice .... 


2 


3 


7 


57 


Senior 










Principles and Methods of Boys Work . 


5 


2 


12 


66 


Association Administration .... 


5 


1 


sy 2 


44 


Psychology of Religion 


3 


1 


4 


37 


Principles of Religious Education . . 


3 


1 


3 


37 


Methods of Religious Education . 


5 


1 


sy 2 


37 


Economics 


5 


2 


12 


49 




5 


1 


sy 2 


47 




5 


3 


ny 2 


54 


Physical Education Practice .... 


2 


2 


5 


57 



32 



INDUSTRIAL WORK COURSE 

Freshman 

Hours 



per 
Week 


Terms 


Units 


Page 




4 


3 


14 


41 


Field Science (Laboratory Course) 


o 
L 


3 


7 


41 




5 


3 




42 




4 


3 


14 


46 




4 


1 


5 


48 




4 


1 


4 


38 


Association History and Literature . 


5 


1 


5/ 


39 


♦Playground Administration .... 


5 


1 


5/ 


81 




5 


1 


5/ 


54 


Physical Education Practice .... 


5 


3 


iry 2 


57 


Students must select one elective 










Sophomore 












5 


3 


ny 2 


36 




5 


3 




47 


Psychology 


5 


3 


i7y 2 


42 




5 


1 


6/ 


48 


Social Ethics 


5 


1 


5/ 


47 


Sociology 


5 


1 


5/ 


50 


Physical Education Practice .... 


3 


3 


ioy 2 


57 


Junior 










Contemporary Civilization .... 


5 


2 


12 


51 


Social Psychology 


5 


1 


5/ 


50 


History and Philosophy of Religion . 


5 


1 


5/ 


39 




5 


1 


5/ 


39 




5 


3 


17/ 


52 


World Classics by Translation . 


5 


2 


12 


51 




5 


1 


6/ 


37 




3 


1 


3 


50 


Physical Education Practice .... 


2 


3 


7 


57 


Senior 










Principles and Policies of Industrial 










Work 


5 


2 


12 


69 


Association Administration .... 


5 


1 


5/ 


44 




3 


1 


4 


37 


Principles of Religious Education . . 


3 


1 


3 


37 


Methods of Religious Education . 


5 


1 


5/ 


37 




5 


2 


12 


49 


History of Philosophy 


5 


1 


5/ 


47 




5 


3 


17/ 


54 


Physical Education Practice .... 


2 


2 


5 


57 



33 



PHYSICAL EDUCATION COURSE 

Freshman 

Hours 





per 
Week 


Terms 


Units 


Page 




4 


3 


14 


41 




5 


3 


i7y 2 


42 


Personal Ethics 


4 


1 


5 


38 




4 


1 


4 


38 




5 


1 


sy 2 


39 




5 


3 


i7y 2 


75 


Playground Administration .... 


5 


1 


sy 2 


81 


♦Field Science (Laboratory Course) 


2 


3 


7 


41 




5 


1 


sy 2 


54 


Physical Education Practice .... 


10 


3 


35 


85 


Students must select one elective 










oophomo 


re 










5 


2 


12 


74 




5 


3 


17*A 


75 




5 


3 


ny 2 


42 


Personal Hygiene 


5 




ey 2 


77 


First Aid 


2 




2 


83 


♦History of Physical Training 


3 


J 


Ay 2 


82 




5 


1 


ey 2 


83 




5 


I 




61 




5 


1 


sy 2 


62 


♦Municipal Sociology 


5 


1 


6y 2 


48 




5 


1 




47 




5 


1 


sy 2 


50 


Physical Education Practice .... 


10 


3 


35 


85 


Students must select three electives 










Junior 










Physiology 


5 


3 


ny 2 


76 




5 


3 


\iy 2 


36 


Anthropometry and Physical Examina- 










tion 


5 




6V 2 


78 


Building and School Hygiene .... 


5 




sy 2 


78 




5 




sy 2 


77 


History and Philosophy of Religion . 


5 




sy 2 


39 


History of Christianity 


5 




sy 2 


39 




5 




6y 2 


37 


Physical Education Practice .... 


7 


3 


24y 2 


85 



34 



Senior 

Hours 
per 





Week 


Terms 


Units 


Page 


Diagnosis and Prescription .... 


5 


1 


ey 2 


79 




5 


1 




77 


Physical Education Administration (In- 












10 


1 


n 


80 


Psychology of Religion 


3 


1 


4 


37 


Principles of Religious Education . . 


3 


1 


3 


37 


Methods of Religious Education . 


5 


1 


sy 2 


37 


♦Modern English Literature .... 


2 


2 


4 


75 


*County Work History and Methods 


5 


2 


11 


60 


*Boys Work History and Methods . 


5 


1 




66 




5 


1 


5*S 


50 


♦Contemporary Civilization .... 


5 


2 


12 


51 




5 


2 


12 


49 




5 


1 


sy 2 


47 




5 


1 


sy 2 


80 




5 


3 


\7y 2 


84 


Physical Education Practice .... 


5 


3 


ny 2 


85 



Students must select three terms from the electives 



* Electives 



35 

CURRICULUM OF ACTIVITIES 

I. Instruction in Religion and Morals 

1. With Groups. 

(1) Teaching Bible classes. 

(2) Shop talks and addresses. 

(3) Preaching. 

(4) Deputations. 

2. With Individuals — Direct personal contact and comradeship with 
members of above groups. 

(1) Visiting boys' homes. 

(2) Hikes and camps. 

(3) Personal interviews leading to decisions for Christian living. 

II. Executive 

1. Student Association officers, managers of teams, chairmen of com- 
mittees, senate. 

2. Boys' clubs, scouts, social centers, Young Men's Christian Associa- 
tions. 

3. Student instructors. 

4. Student publications — Student, Massasoit, Handbook. 

III. Physical 

1. Instruction in 

(1) Athletics. 

(2) Games. 

(3) Aquatics. 

(4) Gymnastics. 

2. Student instructors. 

3. Membership in varsity teams. 

4. Officiating. 

IV. Educational 

1. Student instructors. 

2. English to foreigners. 

3. Teaching in night schools and business colleges. 

V. Social 

1. Musical. 

(1) Church choirs and orchestras. 

(2) Glee club and quartet. 

(3) Musical clubs. 

2. Dramatic — plays. 

3. Literary — literary societies, intersociety debates, reporting for daily 
papers, student publications. 

Normal practice, supervised and graded, required of all students — 
240 hours. 



The Curriculum 



Since the beginning of September, 1916, the College has offered four 
years' work for students desiring to secure a degree and three years' for 
students who are candidates for a diploma. The preceding diagrams out- 
line the various courses offered. 

The Springfield College offers a general course which fits all students for 
leadership in religious and social work. This course embraces studies 
which give intellectual development and underlie the work of an Asso- 
ciation officer. Based upon the general course are five technical courses 
which give a knowledge and training for the particular department of 
work which the student expects to enter. 

The Conference on professional training for the Association vocation, 
made up of delegates from the various agencies for training for the 
Association service, has recommended a uniform system of credits. The 
purpose of this rating is to enable students who have studied in connection 
with one of the agencies for training to secure recognition for work done. 
By the plan recommended by this conference one recitation counts as one 
point, two laboratory periods count as one point and two periods in the 
gymnasium or on the athletic field count as one point. Ten points are 
regarded as one unit. The course of study following is divided into 
points and units in accordance with this plan. 

General Course 

The General Course, which forms the foundation of the curriculum, 
embraces the studies which are common to all students at the College. It 
seeks to study the modern humanities — biology, psychology and sociology, 
as a preparation for religious thinking and for a student's technical train- 
ing. It aims to give liberal culture through a study of English, literature 
and history. It also aims to give a religious education and a training in 
religious work to students in all departments. 

1. The Bible 

(1) The New Testament. Dr. Ballantine, Sophomore year, five hours 
per week, 175 points or 17 l A units for the year. An essential in Christian 
leadership is a knowledge of the Scriptures. This is fundamental in 
preparation for any position in the Association. An entire year is devoted 
to the study of the New Testament. The student is expected to read each 
book in accordance with the direction of the professor, to recite upon 
its facts and ideas in the classroom and to take notes of familiar discus- 
sions of its contents. 



37 

Much emphasis is laid upon the fact that this is not a study of books 
about the Bible, but a study of the Bible itself. There is a brief course of 
ten lectures upon manuscripts, versions and other topics usually called "In- 
troduction," but for the most part such matters are explained incidentally 
when the need for information arises in inductive study. It is believed 
that to have the student read every book in the New Testament and fix 
in mind its main ideas will insure a more comprehensive intelligence than 
can be secured by intensive work upon small portions. Every effort is 
made to make the class feel that they have been in the very company of 
Jesus and of Paul. 

It will be readily seen that this method does not aim to give courses that 
can be reproduced in the local Associations, but so to familiarize the stu- 
dent with the whole New Testament that he can readily use any courses 
that may seem suitable for the special field to which he may be called. 

(2) Old Testament. Junior year, thirteen weeks, five hours per week, 
65 points or 6^2 units. This course does not attempt to master the whole 
of the literature of the Old Testament. Selected portions will be studied 
inductively in the classroom. The chief object of the course is to show 
the evolution of the religion of the Hebrews and the foundation which it 
laid for the introduction of Christianity. Emphasis is laid upon the spiritual 
message of the prophets and the Psalms. An attempt is made to point out 
the permanent contribution to religion made by the Hebrew people. 

2. Religious Education 

(1) Psychology of Religion. Dr. Dawson, Senior year, fall term, three 
hours per week, 39 points or 4 units. This course consists of studies of the 
factors of the religious consciousness ; the genesis of ideas relating to the 
supernatural, the survival of death, righteousness and sin and personal adjust- 
ment through Christ; and the instincts and feelings that motivate religion. 
Particular stress is laid upon the adolescent period of religious life, normal 
and pathological modes of religious self-expression and the laws underlying 
religious development. 

(2) Principles of Religious Education. Dr. Dawson, Senior year, winter 
term, three hours per week, 33 points or 3 units. This course follows the 
preceding and completes the Senior year's work in religious psychology and 
education. It consists of studies of aims, material and methods of education 
in the light of racial and individual development and is intended to supply 
a body of principles to guide the student in his personal living and in his 
professional work. 

(3) Methods of Religious Education. Professor Rudman, spring term, 
five hours per week, 55 points or 5^ units. The work of this term is the 
application of the theory given in the first two terms. 

(a) The programs of religious work now being given in the most 
successful Young Men's Christian Associations are analyzed and each 
student has an opportunity to propose an ideal program, both of instruc- 
tion and activity. 



38 



(b) A careful study is made of courses prepared for Sunday schools, 
Young Men's Christian Associations and colleges, and the students become 
familiar with the best courses now available. 

(c) There is specific instruction in how to teach a Bible class and a 
course of lessons suitable for a teachers' training class is studied. Actual 
practice in teaching under supervision is provided. 

(4) Teacher Training. Professor Rudman, Freshman year, winter term, 
four hours per week, 44 points or 4 units. 

(a) The aim of this course is to acquaint the student with the funda- 
mental laws of teaching, the principles of organization and administration 
and with other carefully selected material so that he may be efficient in his 
work in the local churches. 

The Massachusetts Sunday School Association issues a certificate, covering 
one year of work in the standard three-year normal course, to every student 
completing this course with a satisfactory grade. 

Text-books : Weigle's "The Pupil and Teacher," Ahearn's "Organization 
and Administration of the Church School." 

(b) Practice Teaching. Supervised by tutors. Freshman year. 

The aim of this course, which is a part of 4 (a), is to develop technique in 
teaching. The class is divided into small groups, led by experienced tutors. 
Lesson outlines are prepared weekly by the students and graded by the 
tutors. Each pupil presents at least four lessons before his group. 

3. Personal Ethics 

Professor Rudman, Freshman year, fall term, four hours per week, 52 
hours or 5 units. The object of this course is to start the student on a 
thoroughgoing investigation of his own philosophy of life and help him 
to ground his own ideals of personal conduct. The ideals of the Col- 
lege call for nothing short of the best in personal character and pro- 
fessional efficiency if its men would measure up to the challenge of the 
world-wide field in ministering to the needs of men and boys. Often a 
young man's religion is traditional and second-hand rather than the result 
of personal thinking and vital experience. In the midst of the present-day 
conflict of standards and creeds it is very essential to have the fortifying 
conviction that vital religion is a life to be lived rather than a creed to be 
believed and that we may confidently face the mental conflict of standards 
due to advancing scientific knowledge if we hold fast in unswerving loyalty 
to the personal standards of individual character as exemplified in Jesus. 

The method of instruction includes the use of text-books, classroom 
discussion, selected lectures and considerable collateral reading. 

Text-book: "Problems of Conduct," Drake. 

Required Reading: "Fight for Character," King; "Not in the Curricu- 
lum"; "What Men Live By," Cabot; "Moral and Religious Challenge of 
Our Times," King; "Self-Control," DuBois; "The Dynamic of Manhood," 
Gulick; "Some Christian Convictions," Coffin. 



39 



4. History and Philosophy of Religion; History of Christianity 

Professor Burr, Junior year, winter and spring terms, five hours per week, 
110 points or 11 units. 

The aim of this course is to give the student a comprehensive view of the 
nature and development of religion, but with special emphasis on the history 
of Christianity and Christian civilization. 

A study is made of 

(a) The beginnings of religion and its influence on human life and 
history. 

(b) Political, social and cultural forces influencing the development of 
Christianity. 

(c) Comparison of Christianity with other world religions. 

(d) The historic development of Christianity. 

(e) Characteristic features of modern Christian thought and activity. 

(f) The missionary movement. 

The method pursued is lectures with special topics and readings. 

5. Association History and Literature 

Dr. Doggett, Freshman year, spring term, eleven weeks, five hours per 
week, 55 points or 5^2 units. The aim of this course is to acquaint all stu- 
dents with the history and development of Christian work among young men. 
A study is made of the early efforts in the Protestant Church, both in 
England and the United States, on the part of Christian young men to 
associate themselves together for religious work. Careful attention is 
given to the forces in the church and the conditions of social life which 
made such a movement necessary. The Association is studied, not as 
a local or national, but as a world-wide endeavor. In the first period, 1844 
to 1855, special attention is given to the London work and its formative 
influence. In the second period, 1855 to 1878, recognition of the leader- 
ship of the American work requires especial attention to the movement on 
this continent. In the third period, 1878 to the present time, more atten- 
tion is given to the spread of the movement throughout the world. Mod- 
ern Association history, to which a large part of the course is devoted, 
is presented in lecture form and by topics. Leaders of the present-day 
movement are frequently invited to speak on different phases. This course 
studies the development of the Association, its organization and policy, 
its literature and the fixed principles which govern its operation and its 
relation to the church. 

Students are expected to read and review the more important works 
which the leaders of the Young Men's Christian Association have pro- 
duced. 

Text-books : "A History of the Young Men's Christian Association," 
Vol. I, L. L. Doggett, and "The Life of Robert R. McBurney," same 
author; "History of the Young Men's Christian Association" and "My 
Life with Young Men," Richard C. Morse. 



40 



6. Normal Work in Religious Education 

Professor Rudman, director. The College offers what might be called a 
laboratory for religious work. In all branches of science the labora- 
tory is the place for trying out theories and demonstrating facts. This 
might be sufficient reason for undertaking supervised normal practice, 
but it is not the only reason. Every Christian man must reproduce him- 
self in others if he is to grow. To learn means to do, and opportunity 
must be afforded for those religious activities which will produce the best 
results in student character. 

Every student is expected to make a place for himself in the life of 
some group. Many local organizations afford such an opportunity — the 
Sunday schools, Young People's Societies, Springfield Boys' Club, Young 
Men's Christian Associations, missions, men's clubs, factories, etc. The ever 
increasing number of immigrant young men affords a chance to teach Eng- 
lish and thus render a helpful service. The members of the faculty bear an 
advisory relation to this work and assist the student in every way possible. 

As an illustration, at present more than a hundred men are serving in 
church schools as superintendents or as other officers and teachers. Between 
thirty and forty are scoutmasters or assistant scoutmasters. A few men 
sing in church choirs, while a large number are directly connected in a 
helpful way with Young People's Societies and men's brotherhoods. Six are 
employed by churches as directors of activities — social and educational, and 
others by the Central and Railroad Young Men's Christian Associations and 
the Springfield Boys' Club and its branches. In cooperation with the reli- 
gious and foreign work departments of the student Association many activi- 
ties are promoted, especially those of the week-end deputation teams which 
visit near-by towns for two or three days, presenting a social, athletic and 
religious program which appeals strongly to old and young alike. A particu- 
lar effort is made to reach the boy. If the team represents the foreign work 
department, the emphasis is placed on the need for and the value of mis- 
sionary activity. In addition, members of this department frequently address 
local church groups. 

The religious normal work is divided into two classes. Under "Reli- 
gious A" is classed all actual teaching of a religious nature, such as Sun- 
day school classes, week-day Bible study classes, etc. Under "Religious 
B" are classed those meetings with a group or individual where so-called 
religious material is not taught formally, but where the time is spent 
in an endeavor to contribute something to the character of the individual 
or individuals. 

Credit is given for the religious normal work on the basis of one point 
for two hours' work. One period as a teacher in a class in religious edu- 
cation, which requires preparation, counts as one point. Two periods in 
normal work, which do not require preparation, count as one point. 

For graduation every student must earn 40 points in "Religious A." In 
addition, men in the secretarial course must earn 40 points under "Religious 
B." These credits must be secured during the first three years at College. 



41 

The director, with the help of carefully chosen assistants, supervises this 
work. The assistants are chosen because of character, ability, leadership 
and Christian experience. They have oversight of the students at work in 
the churches, clubs, factories, etc. Frequent meetings of this group are 
held when the work of the students is reviewed and necessary action taken. 
The assistants, called supervisors, cultivate friendly relations between the 
College and the churches and other organizations. Each supervisor is 
assigned not more than ten students. 

Grades are determined by the supervisor in consultation with the pastors 
and superintendents of churches or with the officials of other organizations. 
Ability, spirit, courtesy, appearance, relationships, etc., are considered in 
determining this grade. The grades are Excellent, Good, Fair, Unsatis- 
factory. 

Points are given on a basis of time and grade. Of two students credited 
with an equal amount of time but different grades, the one with the higher 
grade secures the greater number of points. The grade of Unsatisfactory is 
failure. 

7. Biology 

Professor Ball, Freshman year, three terms, two hours lecture, four hours 
laboratory per week, 140 hours or 14 units. Laboratory fee, $5.00 ; additional 
fee for histology, $1.00. 

The aim of this course is to give an understanding of the fundamental 
biological principles. Through study of structure and function in a series of 
plants on the one hand and of protozoa, invertebrate and vertebrate animals 
on the other, the various principles are made clear. Emphasis is placed upon 
the relation of these fundamentals to a comprehensive knowledge of man's 
anatomy and physiology and of his place in nature. Comparative anatomy, 
embryology, genetics and organic evolution receive due attention. In the 
spring term a considerable period is devoted to an intensive study of histology. 
In the Field Science course considerable time is devoted to structure, 
habits and economic importance of native plants and animals. 

8. Field Science 

Professor Ball, Freshman year, two hours per week, 70 points or 7 units. 

Purpose: To familiarize students with their physical environment that 
their personal lives may be enlarged by a knowledge and appreciation of 
the beauty and usefulness of their surroundings and that as a result of 
such knowledge they may the better interest, instruct, guide, protect and 
inspire boys and young men. 

Method: (a) Lectures, with demonstrations and reference readings upon 
the various phases of natural science. 

(b) Field laboratory and notebook exercises calculated to test and de- 
velop ability of students in applying lecture material and in discovering new 
facts and principles for themselves. 



42 



9. Psychology 

(1) Genetic Psychology. Dr. Seerley, Sophomore year, three terms, two 
hours per week, 70 points or 7 units. This course is intended to be a study 
of the psychology of development, observing in one's own life and in others 
the various stages through which all pass and their great importance. The 
evolution of the human soul in its complex environment furnishes examples 
of a serious nature when accurately observed and understood. The student 
is fitting himself to read character, understand cause and effect, supply the 
material for a better adjustment and correct personal deformities. The 
human instincts, their treatment in development and the possible results 
furnish material. Psycho-analysis is the final goal and psychotherapy the 
method. The plan is not to make experts in this field, but to make intelligent 
Christian workmen in the field of boys and men. 

(2) Experimental Psychology. Dr. Dawson, Sophomore year, three 
terms, three hours per week, 105 points or 10^ units. The aim of this 
course is at once technical and cultural. In its technical aspect, it starts 
with the student's interest in himself and other people, as problems of normal 
or abnormal mentality, educational and vocational adjustment or maladjust- 
ment, and the like; and sets him to work, under the stimulus and guidance 
of requisite facts and principles, to observe, experiment with and interpret 
the psychological phenomena nearest to him. In this aspect of the course, 
the general viewpoint is genetic, the material is biopsychological and the 
method is experimental. In its cultural aspect, the course is designed to 
reveal the essential psychological forces in the student's own life and the 
lives of his fellows and to help him control these forces and utilize them 
in harmony with the best cultural ideals and activities of civilization. In this 
aspect of the course, the viewpoint is philosophical, the material is ethical 
and the method is practical. 

10. English 

Freshman year, five hours per week, 175 points or 17^ units. 

(1) Composition and Rhetoric. Professor Hyde and Mrs. Otto. 

Fall and Winter Terms: Principles of composition — debates on questions 
of the day and talks on various topics connected with work for boys and 
young men. 

Spring Term: Pitkin's "Short Story," with practice in short story struc- 
ture. Exercises in public speaking. 

(2) Literary and Debating Societies. Two periods will count as one 
point. The Lee, McKinley, International, Philomathean and Weidensall 
societies furnish ample opportunity for all students who desire to secure 
training in debate and parliamentary practice. Members of the faculty act 
as critics* and advisers. Intersociety debates are held each year and from 
time to time intercollegiate debates with representatives of neighboring 
colleges. 

(3) Public Reading and Expression. Professor Burr. Two periods 



43 



will count as one point. Elective courses in public reading and expression 
are conducted three times weekly through the year. The object of this 
course is to fit students to use the voice in expression and also to read 
effectively before an audience. 

(4) Comparative Literature. Mrs. Doggett. Two periods will count 
as one point. Advanced studies in literary appreciation — the short story, 
Robert Browning and the classics. 

11. Music 

Professor Hyde. Two periods will count as one point. 

The Springfield musical clubs, organized as a part of the student Asso- 
ciation, handle such musical organizations as the College may be able 
from time to time to form. The permanent feature is the glee club. This 
consists of about sixteen men. The club is open to those with a good musical 
sense, ability to read and a voice. 

Vocal quartets, quartet brass instruments and mandolin and guitar clubs 
are formed when talent for these activities is present. 

12. Use of the Libraries 

Professor Bowne. Freshman year, one hour weekly during the fall 
term, 13 points or 1 unit. The object is to give a working knowledge 
of the libraries and greater skill in the use of books — covering general 
and special collections, classification, catalogs, indexes, scope, use and com- 
parison of the great bibliographies, encyclopedias, dictionaries, atlases, year 
books, directories and gazetteers. Practical exercises are given applying 
the principles and methods advocated. 

13. Graduate Work 

Graduates of the College, or those having done equivalent work else- 
where, will be allowed to pursue advanced work under one or more of the 
instructors. The course must be laid out at the beginning of the year by the 
president and approved by the faculty. It will involve a major course with 
not less than one minor course. The aim shall be to do work of an original 
character. This work shall be embodied in a thesis, two copies of which, 
bound in cloth, must be presented to the College. By vote of the faculty, 
graduates of the College who have a bachelor's degree, either in human- 
ics or in physical education, who complete a one year's graduate course 
and present a thesis which receives a grade not lower than worthy of 
praise will be recommended to the trustees as candidates for a master's 
degree. 



44 



Technical Courses 

Based upon the general course, the student takes one of the following 
courses — city or county or industrial secretary, a physical director or a 
boys work director. 

The Secretarial Course 

Faculty 

President Doggett; Executive Psychology 

Professor Cheney, Director; Association Administration, Social Ethics, 

Municipal Sociology 
Doctor Seerley ; Physiology 
Professor Burr; Economics, Philosophy 
Professor Campbell; Sociology 
Doctor Dawson ; Anthropology 
Professor Hyde; World Classics 
Mrs. Doggett; English Literature, World Classics 
Professor McCarty; Principles and Methods of Boys Work 
Professor Masters; Accountancy, Commercial Law 
Professor Affleck ; Camp Craft 
Professor Otto; Playground Administration 
Doctor Ball; Field Science 

Professor Betzler; Physical Theory and Practice 
Leonard I. Houghton; Business Administration 

14. Association Administration 

Professor Cheney, Senior year, fall and winter terms, five hours per week, 
120 points or 12 units. 

This course is a training in administration. More and more all 
employed officers of the Young Men's Christian Associations are execu- 
tives, and in whatever department an Association officer serves he needs 
to know the principles and the art of administration. He must under- 
stand how to do things and also how to get things done through others. 
He must know how to deal with men and how to organize a complex 
variety of activities. The course in methods aims to acquaint the student 
with the principles of administration and with the executive problems of 
the various departments. 

The work of instruction is supplemented by the Junior and Senior trips, 
conferences of employed officers, the institutes given each term and by 
normal practice. A large number of lecturers on special topics visit the 
College each year. 



45 

(1) Principles of Organisation. Basis. Aim. When and how to 
organize. Essential features in the constitution. Branches and sub- 
organizations. The metropolitan plan. Trustees, directors and officers — 
qualifications and duties. The organization of committee service. 

(2) The General Secretary. History of position. Requisite qualifica- 
tions — physical, intellectual, executive and spiritual. His social life, home 
life, business life. Relation to churches and pastors, to officers, directors 
and committees, to other employees, to the business community, to fellow 
secretaries. Accepting a call. Growth — spiritually, intellectually and 
socially. 

(3) The Extension Agencies. 

(a) The International Committee. History. Organization. For- 
eign and home work. Development of groups of Associations. 
Internal development. 

(b) State and Provincial Committees. Organization. Develop- 
ment. Importance. Nature of work. Finances. State con- 
ventions. 

(c) The World's Committee. Organization and work. 

(d) The Training Agencies. Securing and training employed offi- 
cers. Demand and supply. Methods of training. 

(4) The Association Home. The building movement, its beginning and 
growth, advantages of owning a building, how to get a building, favor- 
able conditions for launching an effort, the campaign, committee organi- 
zation, the art of solicitation, records, the location, the instructions to the 
architect, the plans and specifications, arrangement of features, the construc- 
tion with special study of the problems of lighting, heating and ventilat- 
ing, the equipment and furnishings, care of the building, repairs and safety, 
order and cleanliness. 

The students have normal practice in solicitation. A careful and detailed 
study is made of a score of sets of blue prints of recently constructed 
Association buildings and original sketches of floor plans are presented 
by each student. 

(5) The Business Management. Forms of income. Solicitation. An- 
nual budget — budgets of various Associations are studied and samples made 
up. Proper accounting. Receipts. Economies. Office system. Filing sys- 
tems. Real estate and endowment funds. Incorporation. Debt. Taxes. 
Insurance. Leases. Recording statistics. The bulletin. Annual reports. 
Principles of successful advertising. Printing — various cuts, proof reading, 
printer's terminology. A study is made of the principles underlying attractive 
printing — measure, balance, proportion, shape, harmony, arrangement of 
lines and masses, colors. 

(6) The Membership. Committee organizations. Personnel of com- 
mittee. Duties. The membership secretary. Classes. How to secure and 
retain members. The assimilation of members. Methods of advertising. 
The members' meetings. Fees. Transfers. Partial payments. Records. 

(7) The Social Department. The principle of social affiliation. Vital 
importance of the social element. Development and use of the group 



46 



spirit. Cultivation of social life fundamental to every department of the 
Association. The social secretary. The reception committee. What the 
reception committee men should be and should do. Social agencies. The 
social rooms. Social entertainments. 

(8) Economic Features. A study of the Association activities which 
minister to the economic needs of young men: (a) Employment bureau — 
origin, methods of work, service to the community, attitude of business 
men, advantages, records, (b) Lunch rooms and restaurants — develop- 
ment of the idea, problems and advantages, their place in the Association, 
(c) Dormitories — value to young men, the problem of combining the 
positions of host and landlord, business management, (d) Boarding house 
registers, object, development and extent, (e) Systems of saving, oppor- 
tunities in Association to encourage frugality, saving bureaus, benefit funds, 
mutual societies for thrift. 

(9) The Educational Department. The reading room — furniture, super- 
vision, papers and periodicals. The library — its importance and place in the 
Association, how to develop. Apartments and furniture, management, select- 
ing and buying books, classification, cataloging, shelf listing, binding and 
repairing, advertising, registration and charging, reference books, courses 
of reading, aids to readers. Educational committee — the educational director 
— qualifications, work and relationships. Educational classes — the need, 
branches taught, adaptation to field, frequency of sessions, instructors, class- 
rooms, examinations, finances. Educational clubs — literary, musical, scientific, 
art, civic and professional ; the value, various forms of organization and 
work, how supervised. Educational lectures — the relationships, range, 
resources and conduct. 

(10) The Work among Special Classes. College students — organiza- 
tion, methods, outgrowths. Railroad men — aim and benefits. Other in- 
dustrial classes. Soldiers, sailors, negroes, Indians, etc. 

15. Principles and Methods of Work with Boys 

Professor McCarty, Senior year, spring term, five hours per week, 55 
points or 5 l / 2 units. 

(1) Principles. An understanding of the boy — his interests, activities 
and relationships; his home, church, school, community and employment. 
Prescribed reading. 

(2) Methods. Programs of work with boys — grammar school, employed 
and high school boys ; the Christian citizenship training program. Prescribed 
reading. Opportunities for work in local institutions. 

16. Physiology, Hygiene, First Aid 

Dr. Seerley, Freshman year, four hours per week, 140 points or 14 units. 

Modern leadership requires knowledge of human life — physical as well as 
mental and spiritual. Man is the center of the student's interest and investi- 
gation and the physical nature at once becomes the basis of all such study. 



47 



This course plans to make the student an observer of his own physiological 
phenomena and somewhat an experimenter in the field of right living. This 
knowledge should fit him to render service to those needing it and to teach 
boys and young men the art of clean, healthful living. 

17. English Literature 

Mrs. Doggett, Sophomore year, three terms, five hours per week, 175 
points or 17^ units. 

This course traces the development of English thought and its varying 
expression through literary forms from the age of Chaucer to the present. 
Each author is studied through his writings in relation to his own time. 
Emphasis is laid on those elements which modified his work and the effect 
of his writing upon the age. Attention is given to the great art forms of 
literature and their peculiar relation to the periods of national life in which 
they are produced. 

This course has practical value for the secretary, not only in giving him a 
discriminating appreciation of the best writers, but also in fitting him to 
stimulate and direct the reading of young men and boys. 

Text-book : "Century Readings for a Course in English Literature," Cun- 
liffe, Pyre and Young. 

The Social Sciences 

Professors Burr, Cheney, Campbell and Dawson. 

The Young Men's Christian Association is one of the greatest of the 
modern agencies of social service. Of necessity its leaders must be social 
scientists as well as adepts in the art of serving their kind. The following 
courses are planned to give the student the scientific background which 
he will need for his practical work in social reform and education. 

18. Philosophy and Ethics 

(1) History of Philosophy. Professor Burr, Senior year, spring term, 
five hours per week, 55 points or $y 2 units. 

Special emphasis is placed on the teachings of the Greek philosophers 
who furnished the intellectual environment in which Christian philosophy 
and theology developed and on the later thinkers who directly influenced 
Christian thought and life. 

Text-book : "Student's History of Philosophy," Rogers. 

(2) Social Ethics. Professor Cheney, Sophomore year, winter term, 
five hours per week, 55 points or 5 l / 2 units. 

A study of the modern social revolution and the problems of the resultant 
social crisis. The essential purpose of Christianity as evidenced in the 
religion of the Hebrew prophets and the social aims and ethics of Jesus. 
Why Christianity has never undertaken the work of social reconstruction. 
The stake of the church in the social movement. The contributions which 



48 



Christianity can make and the main directions in which the religious spirit 
should exert its forces. 

Text-books : "Christianity and the Social Crisis," and "Christianizing the 
Social Order," Rauschenbusch. 

19. The Problems of a Twentieth Century City 

Professor Cheney, Sophomore year, fall term, five hours per week, 65 
points or 6]/ 2 units. This course is also taken by the Sophomore physical 
men. Cities are the strategic points of our modern civilization. In the 
cities are massed, not merely the most powerful economic and political 
forces, but also the most powerful ethical and educational forces. 

The Young Men's Christian Association is itself a product of city life. 
It is an organized attempt on the part of the church to meet one of the 
most pressing needs of city life — a social center for young men, where 
all wholesome and educative influences should be massed attractively and 
effectively. 

It is becoming evident that the secretaries and directors of the Associa- 
tion must be sociological experts and that they must be leaders in social 
service. In studying the lives of young men they will become so perforce. 
As a matter of fact, they constitute a natural bureau of information as 
to all the forces and conditions of city life which affect young men. In 
some of our largest and most effective Associations, the secretaries are 
becoming recognized as authorities on municipal sociology, both to the 
benefit of the city and their own work. 

In order to meet this growing demand of our work, a term of study is 
devoted to municipal sociology. 

Syllabus of Course in Municipal Sociology: 

(1) Introduction. The city in its relation to civilization. 

(2) History. Ancient and medieval cities. Their relation to political, 
social and economic progress. 

(3) Growth of Modern Cities. Causes and consequences of rapid 
urbanization. Statistics, composition and distribution, race and 
occupations. 

(4) Special Problems. 

Administration. 

(a) City charters, (b) Relation of city and state, (c) The mayor — 
qualifications, term of office, powers, (d) The composition and duties of 
the council. (e) The commission, federal and city manager form of 
government. (f) Initiative, referendum, recall, the preferential ballot, 
(g) The organization and control of departments, (h) Finances — methods 
of taxation, appropriations, uniform systems of accounting, (i) The grant- 
ing of franchises — duration, resumption. (j) Control of quasi-public 
corporations, such as the telegraph, telephone, express, gas and electric 
light and street railway companies. 



49 



Health. 

(a) The housing problem — tenements, overcrowding, plumbing, inspec- 
tion, model tenements, (b) Streets — cleaning, disposition of city waste, 
beautifying, regulation of use. (c) Parks, playgrounds, public baths, 
recreation piers, etc. (d) The control and prevention of disease. The 
board of health, sanitary police, etc. 

Morals. 

(a) The prevention and punishment of crime. City magistrates' courts. 
Juvenile courts. The organization and control of the police, (b) The 
liquor traffic and the saloon. Prohibition, (c) Prostitution — causes, conse- 
quences, methods of suppression or control, (d) Amusements — theaters, 
motion pictures, dance halls, circuses, games. Extent of municipal responsi- 
bility, (e) Indecent pictures and literature, gambling, etc. 

Philanthropy. 

(a) Care of dependents — orphans, paupers, etc. (b) Care of defectives — 
idiots, insane, etc. (c) Care of delinquents — young criminals. Juvenile 
courts. Reform schools. 

Education. 

(a) Aim of public education, (b) Courses of study — nature and extent, 
(c) Control. Laws. School board and officers, (d) Teachers — qualifica- 
tions, character, sex, religious relation, salaries, pensions, etc. (e) School 
extension — wider utilization of school buildings, vacation schools, municipal 
lectures, concerts, etc. 

(5) Unofficial Agencies for Municipal Betterment. 

(a) The Church, especially the institutional church, (b) The Young 
Men's and Young Women's Christian Associations, (c) University and 
social settlements, (d) Municipal and civic leagues. (e) Playgrounds, 
etc. 

Special lectures presented annually : The city council, commission form 
of government, the board of health, the police, the juvenile court, city 
planning, motion pictures, social centers, friendly visiting, union relief, 
children's aid society, the problem of the unemployed. 

Visits are required at a certain number of the following organizations : 
Fire department, Hampden county jail, Hampden county almshouse, police 
court, the common council, Northampton state asylum, Westfield state sani- 
tarium, the Wayfarers' lodge, Brightside. 

20. Economics 

Professor Burr, Senior year, fall and winter terms, five hours per week, 
120 points or 12 units. 

The following subjects will be emphasized by lectures and class dis- 
cussions : 



50 



The social elements in economic life. 
Individualism, socialism and mutualism. 

The labor movement, (a) Organization, (b) wages, (c) conditions, (d) 
strikes and boycotts, (e) the labor vote. 

Modern capitalism. Commercial, industrial and political power of cor- 
porations. 

Industrial arbitration and conciliation. The movement towards indus- 
trial peace. 

Money and banking. 

Business custom and law. 

Social justice and the new social spirit. 

Text-book: "Principles of Economics," Taussig. 

21. Anthropology 

Dr. Dawson, Junior year, spring term, three hours per week, 33 points or 
3 units. 

This course aims to accomplish in the study of racial life what experi- 
mental and religious psychology accomplishes in the study of the individual. 
It gives the student an outlook upon the problems of mind, education, reli- 
gion, etc., of the human race as a whole. A study is made of racial origins 
and somatic and psychological traits due to climatic, telluric, psychological, 
social and other causes. The more important ethnological types are analyzed 
and their civilizations evaluated in the. light of their environmental and his- 
toric needs. Stress is laid upon the distinctive contributions each race may 
make to a common civilization and the necessity of respecting and conserving 
such racial contributions. While mainly intended for cultural purposes, 
orienting more broadly the student's mental attitude, the course is also 
intended to give him a certain technical preparation for special fields of work. 

22. Sociology 

Professor Campbell, Sophomore year, winter term, five hours per week, 
55 points or 5^ units. 

This course is designed to give the student the accepted results of the 
study of the science of sociology as a basis for further thinking and to 
present a comprehensive survey of the entire field. Causes which affect 
the life of society : geographic, technic, psycho-physical, social causes. Na- 
ture and analysis of the life of society. Social evolution and social control. 

Text-books : "Introduction to the Study of Sociology," Hayes ; "Soci- 
ology," Dealey and Ward ; "Principles of Sociology," Ross. 

23. Social Psychology 

Professor Burr, Junior year, winter term, five hours per week, 55 points 
or 5^ units. 

Social psychology, the youngest of the social sciences and one of the 



51 



most interesting, discusses problems which are of special importance to 
prospective leaders. These are some of the themes : 

(1) The formation of psychic groups. Laws and types. 

(2) The action of the "mob mind." 

(3) The psychology of leadership. 

(4) The development, choice and use of leaders. 

(5) The influence of fashion, convention, custom and public opinion. 

(6) Agents of social control. 
Text-book : "Social Control," Ross. 

24. Contemporary Civilization 

Professor Burr, Junior year, fall and winter terms, five hours per week, 
120 points or 12 units. 

The aim of this course is to give the student a comprehensive view of the 
political, social and economic features of modern civilization ; to help him 
develop a world consciousness and a world conscience. 

(1) Summary of modern European history, emphasizing the development 
of the great nations, their distinctive political systems and peculiar problems. 

(2) The World War — causes and consequences. Reconstruction. 

(3) Problems of the Near East — Balkans, Turkey, Armenia, etc. 

(4) Problems of the Far East — Russia, Japan, China, India and the 
Pacific. 

(5) Current history; daily analysis of world news. 

The method pursued is special assigned topics and readings; large use of 
material from daily press and magazines. 

25. World Classics by Translation 

(1) Modem European Literature. Mrs. Doggett, Junior year, fall term, 
five hours per week, 65 points or 6^2 units. This course seeks to give the 
intellectual and imaginative background of the great races of Europe. Com- 
parison is made among them as they have developed from century to century, 
showing the interdependence of these nations one upon the other in stimulat- 
ing thought and expression, as well as in developing literary forms. This 
course is of assistance to teachers of Americanization in making them under- 
stand the heritage of the foreigner. The following authors are taken up : 

Russian: Pushkin, Gogol, Turgenev, Tolstoi, Dostoievski, Chekov. 
Scandinavian: Ibsen, Hamsun, Strindbcrg, Bjornson, Lagerlof. 
Spanish: Cervantes, Galdos, Valera, Valdes. 

French: Hugo, Balzac, Flaubert, Maupassant, Anatole France, Rostand, 
Brieux. 

German: Goethe, Schiller, Heine, Hauptmann, Schnitzler, Sudermann. 

(2) Greek Classics. Mr. Hyde, Junior year, winter term, five hours per 
week, 55 points or 5^ units. 

This term's work seeks to make the class familiar with Greek thought 
during the classic period, rather than studying critically the literature in- 



52 

volved. A certain familiarity with the history of the period is necessary. 
Through lectures and reading the class is made acquainted with the Hellenic 
background of myth, customs, temperament and mental aptitude. The de- 
velopment of Hellenic religion and of the drama are considered in some detail. 
Works are studied in class and taken up by individual students to be 
presented to the class for criticism. 

26. Business Administration 

The rapid development of the great property interests of the Young 
Men's Christian Association has made ever greater the demand for leaders 
of executive ability. The modern Association secretary must be able to 
administer large affairs and in an increasing measure to make complex 
organization effective. It is most essential that he have a thorough grasp 
of general business principles. 

The course in business administration aims to give instruction in the 
fundamental facts and principles of business, thus laying a broad founda- 
tion of business knowledge for the prospective Association executive. 

This course precedes the specialized course of Association Administration 
or Methods to which a year is given. 

(1) Executive Problems. Dr. Doggett, Junior year, fall term, two 
hours per week, 26 points or 2 x / 2 units. 

This course aims to acquaint the student with the problems of an executive. 
It recognizes that the common task of all executives is the handling of men. 
Executive questions are discussed in conferences and familiar lectures. 
These are based on a study of Professor Gowin's text-book, "Developing 
Executive Ability." 

(2) Administration. Professor Houghton, Junior year, winter and spring 
terms, five hours per week, 110 points or 11 units. 

Instruction 

(a) Business Organization. 

The general underlying principles. 

(b) Management. « 

A discussion of the executive and his control of men. Efficiency methods 
and scientific management. 

(c) Accounting. 

A clear understanding is given of the principles which underlie all cor- 
rect methods of keeping financial records. 

(d) Insurance. 

(e) Commercial Law. 

This section explains the nature, formation, operation and discharge of 
contracts. 



53 

(f) Investments. 

Brief consideration is given to the science underlying investment. The 
various types of bonds and stocks are discussed in detail. 

(g) Advertising. 

A consideration of the basic principles of advertising. The preparation 
of advertising copy, including the form, typography, etc., is discussed. 

(h) Auditing and Cost Accounting. 

The duties of the auditor and principles of cost accounting. 

(i) Salesmanship. 

The basic principles upon which the science of salesmanship is founded, 
the psychology of salesmanship, knowledge of self and of human nature, 
character analysis. 

(j) Personal Efficiency. 

A personal application of efficiency principles, standardizing personal 
operations and conditions, schedules, records, etc. 



Business Practice 

The College affords extended opportunity for practical experience in 
applying the general principles developed in the course in Business Adminis- 
tration. This practical work is standardized and definitely supervised. 

(1) Managerial Practice. 

Student positions and work involving the control of men. 

(a) Student Association officers. 

(b) Team captains. 

(c) Leaders of boys' clubs, scouts, social centers, etc. 

(2) Accounting. 

(a) Team managers. 

(b) Class treasurers. 

(c) Student store. 

(d) Woods Hall. 

(3) Personal Efficiency. 

The development of personal standards for all operations and conditions. 
For example — study, reading, social recreation, personal finance, exercise, 
miscellaneous improvement. 

(4) Salesmanship. 

(a) Securing advertisements — catalog, Massasoit, Student, Handbook. 

(b) Salesmanship positions in Springfield stores. 

(c) Membership secretary student Associations. 



54 



(d) Circulation manager Springfield Student. 

(e) Actual solicitation in connection with church, etc. 

(5) Exhibits. 

(a) Model equipment of Young Men's Christian Association office. 

(b) Time and labor-saving devices for Young Men's Christian Associa- 
tion work. 

(6) Visitations. 

(a) Young Men's Christian Association tours. 

(b) Young Men's Christian Association College office. 

(c) Business institutions — department store, bank, factory, etc. 

To introduce the student into the atmosphere of business life, the active 
cooperation of business men is sought in the work of instruction. Lectures 
are given by representatives of the following professions — banking, real 
estate, insurance, advertising, salesmanship and corporate management. 

27. Association Bookkeeping 

Miss Richardson, Senior year, winter term, four weeks, five hours per 
week, 20 points or 2 units. 

This course presumes a proficiency in the principles of ordinary book- 
keeping. Students who have not this acquaintance must secure it before 
entering the Senior year. The aim of this course is to fit the student to 
keep the books of a Young Men's Christian Association. The loose leaf 
system, arranged by Mr. L. B. Baker for local Young Men's Christian 
Associations, is followed. This system is in operation in the financial 
office of the College. Students not only receive instruction, but each man 
makes out a complete set of accounts covering a period of two months' 
activities and makes a financial statement showing the standing of the 
Association in every department up to date. 

28. Camp Craft 

Professor Affleck, Freshman year, spring term, five hours per week, 55 
points or Sy 2 units. 

The time is spent in camp with practice and training in all phases of tent 
pitching, fire building, bed making, cooking, etc., and with camp as center, 
the surrounding territory is used as a laboratory for actual practice in the 
various outdoor studies and activities. Boy scouting is given a prominent 
place, especially with students in the boys work course who have two 
extra afternoons per week devoted especially to scouting. 

29. Secretarial Seminar 

Dr. Doggett, Professors Burr, Cheney and Seerley, Senior year. A 
thesis counts 175 points or \7 l / 2 units. The object of this course is to 
study the habits and lives of young men, to study at first-hand the docu- 



55 



mentary sources of the Young Men's Christian Association and to learn 
the art of original investigation. Much of the success of the Young Men's 
Christian Association of the future will depend upon a scientific study of 
the habits and lives and characteristics of young men and boys. We need 
to know what young men are thinking about, how much money they earn, 
how they earn it and how they spend it, how they spend their leisure time, 
what is their social life, what is their religious life, how it should find 
expression, the temptations of young men and boys and how to meet 
them. A rich, unworked field is presented to the student in the many 
undeveloped themes in Association history and by its unsolved problems. 
Another object of the seminar is to fit the secretary to study his field. 
Many of the theses are sociological studies in Springfield or investiga- 
tions which develop the power of observation and research. In the Senior 
year a thesis is prepared on a theme agreed upon between the student 
and one of the instructors. Students are allowed to prepare a thesis 
with any of the instructors in the College. The theses will be examined 
by a committee of the faculty consisting of Professor Burr, Dr. McCurdy 
and Professor Cheney. Each student will be expected to present his thesis 
for criticism and discussion at a public meeting of the seminar. 

Students in the seminar are expected to devote one hour daily during 
the Senior year to research. The historical and physical libraries available 
to students make this work of great value. At the beginning of the fall 
term Dr. Doggett will meet all Seniors for a few lectures on methods of 
original investigations. 

Leading Association workers are also invited from time to time to address 
these gatherings. 

Student Theses, 1919-1920. 

C. S. Burns, "American Statesmen and Democracy." 

E. L. Corson, "Outline Studies of Social Institutions in the Hawaiian 
Islands." 

C. G. Hewett, "The Christian Citizenship Training Program — A Means for 
Improvement." 

A. G. Jeffrey, "Some Effects of Army Life on College Men." 
W. J. LaPoint, "Dramatics in the Rural Community." 

C. S. Leonard, "A Unified Community Church." 

T. H. Leonard, "A Program of Boys Work in the County." 

D. D. Mattocks, "The Y. M. C. A. among Colored Troops in France." 
J. C. Reid, "A Fourfold Program for Young People." 

P. A. Samson, "The Development of Community Singing." 
G. T. Schwenning, "A Study in Leadership." 

R. H. Smith, Jr., "A Study of Student Finance in Springfield College." 

B. S. Tandy, "The National Army Unit as a Socializer." 

R. C. Yeoman, "The Great War Values of the Canadian Young Men's Chris- 
tian Association." 



56 



30. Practical Work 

Students must secure a minimum of 60 points or 6 units in normal 
practice. 

Unusual opportunities are offered for practical work and for getting an 
inside view of Association management. The Springfield, Holyoke and 
Westfield Associations, with their beautiful buildings and large member- 
ships, furnish every facility to see and participate in the various phases of 
Association activity. 

In addition to the normal practice in religious work, the secretarial 
students have opportunities for developing their powers along executive, 
educational and social lines, in which 40 points are required each year. 
Not only must the secretary be a religious leader, he must be a business 
manager as well. In fact, this qualification is of vital importance for his 
greatest success. He must be able to bring things to pass, to organize 
and to make complex organization effective. Executive positions in con- 
nection with the student Association, the senate, Springfield Student and 
classbook afford valuable training for a number of men. Laboratory 
experience in executive work is also given the student in the organiz- 
ing of boys' clubs, in Sunday schools and among the working boys, and in 
directing the activities of the young people's organizations in the churches, 
etc. Recognizing the importance of the development of executive ability, 
at least one-fourth of the total number of points required must be gained 
in executive work. 

The social leadership is developed by social committee service in the 
student Association, by social work at the boys' club and in the churches 
and by entertainments and outings with groups of boys. 

Unusual opportunities are offered for gaining an intimate knowledge of 
the practical management of the Association. The Springfield Young 
Men's Christian Associations furnish every facility to see and participate 
in the various phases of the Association activities. A series of confer- 
ences are held each year at the Association building with the heads of the 
various departments, when the practical side of all phases of Association 
work is discussed. A careful study is also made of the management of 
the office. The men are enabled to see the committee work in operation 
and occasionally to visit a board meeting. 

Junior Tour, 12 points or 1 unit. At the close of the winter term 
the Juniors spend three days in Boston and vicinity visiting the Young 
Men's Christian Associations and other agencies for social and religious 
service among young men and boys. The splendid new equipment of the 
Boston Association makes this trip of unusual value. 

Senior Tour, 35 points or 3^4 units. At the close of the winter term 
of the Senior year, a tour is made of the Associations at Bridgeport, 
Brooklyn, New York City, Philadelphia and Washington. This tour, taken 
under the direction of members of the faculty, gives an opportunity 
to study the actual workings of a large number of Associations. It is 



57 

quite different from a convention where Association topics are discussed. 
On this tour, by arrangements beforehand with the employed men of the 
Associations, from one-half hour's to an hour's interview is held in the office 
in which the work is carried on. The past year some twenty different 
Associations and institutions were visited and conferences were held with 
sixty different employed men on various phases of Association work. This 
included twelve directors of Association and college gymnasiums, twelve 
international and state secretaries and twenty-six secretaries of city Asso- 
ciations. The class was enabled to see the physical work in the gymna- 
siums of Yale, Columbia and Pennsylvania universities and in one of the 
New York City schools. 



31. Physical Training 

One of the great contributions of the Young Men's Christian Associa- 
tion to modern religious life is the discovery of the value of the physical 
approach to boys and young men. The use of plays and games, summer 
camps and the gymnasium as a means for religious education has not only 
greatly enlarged religious thought, but it has proved a practical means of 
winning men to Christian living. All secretaries and boys' directors need 
to understand the problems of physical education, not only that they may 
be able to promote from the administrative side the work of the physical 
department, but that they may, as opportunity offers, use this means for 
direct influence with boys and young men. 

Professor Betzler, Freshman year, one hour per day, five days per week, 
175 points or 17^2 units. The first-year secretarial students have a thorough 
course in gymnastics, athletics and aquatics. Throughout the course em- 
phasis is placed upon the development of organic vigor and the preparation 
of the students for a life of strenuous work. During the fall the men 
have soccer practice for the first eight weeks. They may elect rugby 
football with the physical class. During the indoor season the class is 
given an all-round graded course in gymnastics, athletics, aquatics and 
games. Theory discussions are given as a part of the floor work. During 
the spring term instruction is given in coaching in baseball, track, tennis and 
canoeing. 

Professor Betzler, Sophomore year, one hour per day, three days per 
week, 105 points or \0 J A units. 

Professor Betzler, Junior year, one hour per day, two days per week, 
70 points or 7 units. 

Professor Betzler, Senior year, fall and winter terms, one hour per day, 
two days per week, 50 points or 5 units. 

The Sophomore, Junior and Senior years pursue a regular progressive 
course in gymnastics, games, athletics and aquatics. During the Junior 
and Senior years opportunities are given for the development of class 
leadership. During the Senior year special attention is given to the develop- 
ment of tennis. 



58 



Graduation 

( 1 ) Degrees. 

The basis of the secretarial course is a study of humanics ; that is, the 
study of human nature — spiritual, intellectual, social and physical. This 
gives men a religious education and fits for social and religious service. 
Students who have fulfilled the requirements for admission described on 
page 106, who complete the four years' secretarial course, receiving on an 
average a grade not less than 80 per cent, and on their theses a grade 
not lower than worthy of praise, will be recommended to the trustees by 
the faculty for the degree of Bachelor of Humanics (B.H.). 

(2) Diplomas. 

Students who have fulfilled the requirements for admission in English, 
mathematics and history described on pages 106 and 107, and who have com- 
pleted the three years' secretarial course of study and presented a thesis with 
a grade not lower than satisfactory, will be recommended by the faculty to 
the trustees for diplomas and will rank as graduates of the College. 



59 



County Work Course 

Professor Campbell, Director 

Committee for County Work Course 

Horace A. Moses, Springfield, Mass., Chairman 
Winthrop M. Crane, Dalton, Mass. 

Albert E. Roberts, County Work Secretary International Committee, New 
York City 

Kenyon L. Butterfield, Ph. D., President Massachusetts Agricultural Col- 
lege, Amherst, Mass. 
Gifford Pinchot, Philadelphia, Pa. 

D. Hunter McAlpin, M. D., Chairman County Work Department Com- 
mittee, International Committee, New York City 

Harold W. Foght, President Northern Normal and Industrial School, Aber- 
deen, S. D. 

Edward W. Hazen, Haddam, Conn. 

Charles J. Galpin, Office of Farm Management, Department of Agricul- 
ture, Washington, D. C. 

General Statement 

The Young Men's Christian Association was at first a city organization 
devoted chiefly to helping the commercial class of young men in our modern 
cities. Very soon, however, this work became adapted to special classes of 
young men, first students, then railroad men and later men in the army and 
navy and many other groups. 

For twenty-five years there has been a determined effort to adapt the 
work of the Association to young men in rural communities. Robert 
Weidensall, the first secretary of the International Committee, who has 
pioneered so many Association undertakings, has been a leader in this 
work. Over two hundred and fifty employed officers are now engaged in 
promoting county work under the auspices of the Young Men's Christian 
Association. 

The chief obstacle to the further progress of this movement is the 
lack of properly qualified leaders. It was to meet this increasing demand 
that the county work course was established at Springfield in the summer 
of 1914. Mr. Walter J. Campbell was invited to take charge. Mr. 
Campbell is a graduate of Princeton University and also of Princeton 
Theological Seminary. After several years' experience in a rural church 
he became a county work secretary, serving first in a local field and 
later in the service of the New York State Committee and the Pennsyl- 
vania State Committee. His eight years' experience in field work in this 
department has amply qualified him for this position. 

The county work secretaryship calls for men of independence of char- 
acter, personal leadership and an indefatigable, earnest purpose. Under 



60 



such leadership there is no doubt of abundant success. The rural field in 
spite of the growth of the modern city still contains the larger number of 
young men. These young men are responsive to the work of the Young 
Men's Christian Association and the county work secretaryship offers an 
unsurpassed opportunity for a life of useful service. The response which 
this new move has awakened, both on the part of the county work brother- 
hood and on the part of men looking forward to definite religious service 
in the country, amply justifies belief in its timeliness. While the course of 
study has been arranged primarily for the training of county secretaries 
for the Young Men's Christian Association, it furnishes an admirable supple- 
mentary course of study for the rural preacher or other rural leader. 

A Four Years' Course 

To meet the demand for adequately equipped men and likewise to pro- 
vide the necessary background in agricultural science, a four years' course 
has been established, three years of which will be taken at Springfield 
College and one year at the Massachusetts Agricultural College at Amherst. 
The course will be arranged — the first and second years at Springfield, the 
third year at Amherst and the fourth year at Springfield. Students com- 
pleting this course will be given the degree of Bachelor of Humanics (B.H.). 
Students taking the three years' course at Springfield without the additional 
year at Amherst will be graduated with a diploma. 

Students so desiring, by taking postgraduate work at Massachusetts Agri- 
cultural College, Teachers College, Columbia University, N. Y., or Clark 
University, Worcester, Mass., may secure degrees of Bachelor of Science 
(B.S.) or Master of Arts (M.A.). 

32. County Work — History and Methods 

Professor Campbell, Senior year, three terms, five hours per week, 175 
points or 17^ units. 

I. The History of County Work and the Evolution of the County Work 

Idea. 

1. The first local rural Association. 

2. The county organization. 

3. The county secretary. 

4. The state department committee and state county work secretary. 

5. The International county work department and secretaries. 

6. Training centers. 

7. Elements of strength and weakness shown by the line of historical 
development. 

II. The Philosophy of County Work. 

1. County work fundamentals. 

2. Principles of religious work, Bible study, personal work, educational 
work, physical work and boys work. 



61 



III. The Sociology of County Work. 

1. The field — intensive and extensive. 

2. Analysis of a county. 

3. Social groupings — normal and abnormal. 

4. Place of county work among the rural social forces. 

IV. Organization. 

1. County work plan — international, state, county and local. 

2. Development. 

3. Relationships. 

V. Personal. 

1. The county secretary and his work. 

2. The county committeeman. 

3. The local leader. 

4. Leadership discovery and development. 

5. The personal life of the secretary. 

VI. Practice and Problems. 

1. Finances and the administration of the budget. 

2. Conventions and institutes. 

3. Corresponding membership. 

4. Departmental activities — religious, educational, social and physical. 

5. Summer activities and camps. 

6. Extension work. 

7. Inter-Association activities. 

8. Cooperative activities. 

9. Business administration and development of a permanent constitu- 
ency. 

VII. Homiletics of County Work. 

1. Leadership training. 

2. Publicity. 

33. Rural Economics 

Professor Campbell, Sophomore year, fall term, five hours per week, 
65 points or 6 l / 2 units. 

This course is devoted to the study of the public and social aspects of 
the agricultural industry. No one can be regarded as a safe leader or 
sane counselor in public affairs who does not realize that the most funda- 
mental of all our economic problems is that of the relation of the people 
to the source of the food supply in the soil itself. The deepest problem 
of statesmanship is that of economizing, utilizing and conserving this poten- 
tial food supply. 

A general philosophical background for the study of the rural economy 
of the present is set up through the discussion of the place of agriculture 
in the general problem of human adjustment. The following topics are 



62 



stressed by lecture, classroom discussion and independent research on the 
part of the student. 

I. The Historical Background of Modern Agriculture. 

II. The Factors of Agricultural Production. 

1 . Land 

2. Labor 

3. Capital 

4. Management 

III. The Distribution of the Agricultural Income. 

1. Rent 

2. Wages 

3. Interest 

4. Profits 

IV. The Problems of Rural Social Life. 

1. Tenantry 

2. Absentee Landlordism 

V. The Literature of Rural Economics. 

Text-books: "Principles of Rural Economics," Carver; "Agricultural 
Economics," Nourse ; "Agricultural Economics," Taylor. 



34. Rural Sociology 

Professor Campbell, Sophomore year, spring term, five hours per week, 
55 points or S l / 2 units. 

A study of the organized agencies by which rural communities give 
expression to various forms of associated life and their contribution to 
rural betterment — domestic, economic, cultural, religious and political. 

Special attention is given to the rural family, the rural school and the 
rural church. 

In addition to the usual lecture and classroom discussion method, much 
attention will be given to first-hand survey investigations and community 
studies. 

I. The Rural Community. 

1. Rural migration — causes and results. 

2. Social conditions and life of rural people — their influence on per- 
sonal and institutional life. 

3. Consequent problems — health, delinquency, dependency, morality, child 
labor. 

4. Standards of living, cultural ideals. 

5. Community consciousness and activity. 

6. Business and political ethics. 



63 



II. Social Groupings. 

1. Types of communities and characteristic temper of mind. 

III. Rural Institutional Life. 

IV. The Literature of Rural Life. 

Text-books : "Introduction to Rural Sociology," Vogt ; "The Rural Com- 
munity," Sims ; "The Challenge of the Country," Fiske ; "Rural Life and 
Education," Cubberly ; "The American Rural School," Foght ; "The Evolu- 
tion of the Country Community," Wilson; "Rural Manhood," "The Country 
Church and the Rural Problems," Butterfield ; "Vital Problems in Rural 
Leadership," Campbell ; "Readings in Rural Sociology," Phelan. 

35. Courses in Cooperation with the Massachusetts Agricultural 
College, Amherst 

Junior year, three terms. 

The purpose of this cooperation with the Agricultural College is not 
at all to make scientific agriculturists, but rather to connect up in an 
intelligent and intimate manner the rural religious worker with the 
machinery of agriculture that he may cooperate effectively with the multi- 
tude of agencies now giving thought and attention to the economic, social 
and educational needs of the farmer. 

I. The Organization and Development of Rural Community Life. 

1. Cooperative Organization and Marketing. Dr. Cance. The charac- 
teristics of New England agriculture as an industry — land, labor, markets, 
transportation, farmers' business organizations. 

2. The Redirection of Rural Education. Professor Hart. Courses of 
study — supervision, preparation of teachers, the place of the school in the 
social organism, boys' and girls' club work. 

3. Application of Sociology and Economics to Community Development. 
Professor Phelan and Professor Sims. Methods of work, etc. 

4. Rural Organization. President Butterfield. An analysis of the main 
elements in the question of American rural development — rural adjustment, 
rural policy, national statesmanship in rural affairs. 

5. Civic Improvement. Professor Waugh. How to carry on civic im- 
provement — technical problems and the principles involved, its relation to 
general community development. 

II. Additional courses offered for Springfield men at Amherst are as 

follows : 
Soil Fertility 
Field Crops 
Marketing 
Fruit Growing 



64 

Poultry 

Rural Sanitary Science 
New England Rural Life 
Botany 
Journalism 

III. Frequent seminar periods of two hours each are held for the in- 
formal discussion of vital topics in the field of agricultural organiza- 
tion, extension or practice. 

36. Physical Work 

The gospel of wholesome play and the moral reactions of clean athletics 
are lessons which the country is only beginning to learn. The value of the 
physical approach to the life of the boy and young man has been recognized 
by the Association and the country boy is no exception except possibly 
that there is need of special emphasis on the ministry of play and recrea- 
tion in breaking down the ill effects of drudgery and isolation. 

In physical work the county work students take the same course as 
the secretarial men, including gymnastics, athletics and aquatics. Addi- 
tional emphasis is placed on the mastery of a varied curriculum of games, 
involving little or no equipment, the promotion and supervision of athletic 
meets and play festivals and pageants. 

37. Normal Practice 

Students must secure a minimum of 60 points or 6 units in normal prac- 
tice for graduation. 

No amount of theoretical knowledge will ever make an efficient county 
secretary unless he is able to translate his theory into practical achieve- 
ment when confronted with the challenge of need, whether it be the lead- 
ing of a group of boys or the redirecting of the life and ideals of a 
community. Through the cooperation of the County Work Department 
of the Massachusetts State Committee in Hampden County and adjoining 
counties, abundant opportunity is afforded for testing the qualifications of 
the men in practical effort. No man will be allowed to graduate from the 
county work course who is not able to handle his normal work acceptably 
to the director of the course and the Massachusetts State County Work 
Secretary. The variety of opportunity for experience is suggested by the 
different types of activity promoted by the county work students the past 
season — boy scouts, boys' brigades, rural Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciations, men's brotherhoods, Sunday school teachers and superintendents, 
religious deputations, play demonstrations. Six country churches supplied 
regularly — community surveys, rural home and organization census work, 
fathers' and sons' banquets, Sunday school teachers' training classes. 



65 

38. The Weidensall Society 

A voluntary organization of students for the study and discussion of 
rural life problems and literature and for personal development in char- 
acter and in facility and power in public debate. This new literary society, 
while not limited in membership to county work men, gives its attention 
nevertheless to rural life topics. The society meets each Monday evening 
throughout the year and combines in its program the functions of a social 
organization, a literary society and a seminar. This society is affiliated 
with the federation of Collegiate Country Life Clubs. 

39. "William B. Warne, Jr., Memorial" 

The county work bookshelf is maintained by a special memorial fund. 
This makes available for study and reference purposes a constantly growing 
volume of the best and latest material on country life. 

40. Thesis 

A thesis prepared under the supervision of one of the members of the 
faculty is required for graduation. 



66 



Boys Work Course 

Professor McCarty, Director 

General Statement 

One of the certain evidences of progress, humanly speaking, is the larger 
recognition of the importance to life of childhood and adolescence. The 
significance of attitude and habits formed by the eighteenth birthday is so 
well understood that many leaders of education, secular and religious, feel 
that the best leadership of society should be available to youth during these 
formative years when lasting decisions, favorable or unfavorable to self and 
society, are being made. The expanding program of work with boys by 
the church, school and state calls for a large number of properly prepared 
leaders and it is the function of this course to help make possible this prepa- 
ration. The Young Men's Christian Association has demonstrated a special 
fitness for cooperating with these fundamental institutions of society, includ- 
ing also the home and industry. It is a work that should be done, not by 
novices, but by men who have acquired a culture and a technical proficiency 
under the direct guidance of seasoned leaders. No investment of life could 
mean more to mankind than as a worker with boys and a trainer of leaders 
of boys, but the preparation should be in proportion to the greatness of 
opportunity. 

The College offers a practically unrivaled course of preparation for pros- 
pective boys work directors. A four-year course of subjects, chosen after 
very careful study, makes possible the most effective mental development. 
A carefully graded program of physical work, covering four years, insures 
personal physical fitness in this sphere of life so interesting to youths. 
Leadership of groups of boys in the local churches, schools, industries, 
Young Men's Christian Associations, boys' clubs and boy scouts helps to 
round out the best possible preparation for this work. In addition to the 
one member of the faculty most responsible for the students taking this 
course, there are several faculty members who are recognized as experts 
in lines of work directly pertaining to boys. Drs. Seerley and Dawson and 
Professors Burr and Cheney have won a very general recognition by their 
writings and lectures on various phases of boy life. Professor McCarty, the 
director of this course, was for fourteen years an employed officer in the 
boys department of the Young Men's Christian Association. In addition to 
these resident leaders, arrangements are made for bringing to the College 
from time to time some of the most successful workers with boys from the 
field, thus insuring the most up-to-date message for men preparing for leader- 
ship of boys. 

41. Principles and Methods of Work with Boys 

Professor McCarty, Junior year, fall and winter terms, five hours per week, 
120 hours or 12 units. 

(1) Principles. Fall term. An understanding of the boy — his interests, 



67 



activities and relationships; his home, church, school, community and em- 
ployment. Prescribed reading. 

(2) Methods. Winter term. Programs of work with boys — grammar 
school, employed and high school boys; the Christian citizenship training 
program. Prescribed reading. Opportunities for work in local institutions. 

For complete four-year course see page 31. 

42. Physical Work 

If you wish to create a new enthusiasm in the mind of an individual it is 
necessary to relate it to some conscious enthusiasm already operating in that 
mind. Youth is quite consciously enthusiastic about play and sports and 
the individual who knows how to cooperate with them in this sphere of 
interest has a decided advantage for influencing their more permanent 
enthusiasms. With this service in mind, a four-year course of graded 
physical work has been carefully worked out for boys work students, which 
not only insures personal health, but prepares for leadership of physical 
activities during student days and following graduation. Students taking the 
boys work course who are not physically disqualified are expected to partici- 
pate in all of the major sports except football, and they may elect this if 
they desire. 

43. Normal Practice 

A happy balance of study, instruction and practice is essential to the most 
effective type of education. For this reason students are required to do a 
reasonable amount of normal work under careful supervision by teachers 
and upper classmen. Confidence born of achievement inspires to greater 
effort and so produces an efficiency that only study or classroom lecture 
could never produce. A most cordial working relationship exists between 
the churches of the city, the city Young Men's Christian Association and 
the boys' club and boy scouts, thus affording opportunity for self-expression 
along many lines mutually helpful. Leadership of groups of boys in physical, 
social and religious work on Sundays and week days, some of which work 
is financially remunerative, proves to be helpful to all concerned. 

44. Thesis 

Each Senior is required to prepare a thesis acceptable to the faculty com- 
mittee on theses. A theme on some phase of boy life is chosen and de- 
veloped. 

45. Field Science 
See General Course, page 41. 

46. Camp Craft 
See General Course, page 54. 

47. Playground 

See General Course, page 81. 



68 



Course for Industrial Secretaries 

Committee on Organization 

Benjamin A. Franklin, Chairman, Springfield, Mass. 
Charles R. Towson, Vice Chairman, New York City 
George W. Tupper, Boston, Mass. 
Robert B. Wolf, New York City 
E. H. Betts, Troy, N. Y. 
Thomas N. Carver, Cambridge, Mass. 
Ralph L. Cheney, Secretary, Springfield, Mass. 
, Director 

Industry has many vital problems in these days of reconstruction, but 
none more challenging than the problem of personnel. There is a supreme 
need of a mutual democratic Christian agency with an all-round program 
of service with trained leadership and expert supervision. 

In May, 1920, a group of thirty-two leaders in industrial work in the 
East held a conference at Springfield to consider with the College faculty 
the problem of securing trained leadership for service in industry. The 
College offered its equipment and facilities for such training. Secretaries 
from the industrial department of the International Committee, state com- 
mittees and local Associations heartily agreed to cooperate in providing 
the technical instruction needed by the appointment of a "visiting faculty." 

The following committee on recruiting was appointed: 
Blake A. Hoover, Chairman, Springfield, Mass. 
L. T. Crossman, New Haven, Conn. 
Jefferson C. Smith, Waterville, Me. 
M. J. Brines, Boston, Mass. 
G. O. Pierrel, Worcester, Mass. 
Perley A. Foster, Concord, N. H. 
Elmer Galloway, New York City 

This course aims first, to "industrialize" all the students of the College in 
whatever department ; second, to train primarily employed officers of the 
Young Men's Christian Association to work in industry whether they be 
industrial, Americanization or general secretaries or physical directors ex- 
pecting to work in industrial fields. 

The course of study covers four years for high school graduates. Col- 
lege graduates will be given advanced credit and can complete the course 
in one or two years, depending on the previous branches of study followed. 

It is desirable that a student should have had previous experience in 
physical, social or religious work among men in industry. 

A committee on curriculum was appointed, consisting of the following 
men: Fred H. Rindge, Jr., chairman, M. J. Brines, Hanford M. Burr, L. T. 
Crossman, Blake A. Hoover and G. O. Pierrel. This committee in co- 



69 



operation with the faculty has developed a course, covering both a curricu- 
lum of studies and a curriculum of activities. For outline of course see 
page 32. The report of this committee is embodied in the following curricu- 
lum : 

48. Courses in Religion and Ethics 

New and Old Testament, Social Ethics emphasizing the ethics of industrial 
relations, Personal Ethics, Religious Education, History of the Y. M. C. A., 
History of Christianity and Comparative Religions. 

49. General Courses 

English and Literature, Physiology and Personal Hygiene, Psychology, 
Business Administration, Contemporary Civilization, Sociology. 

50. Courses in Social and Economic Science 

Economics, Labor Movement, the Organization of Industry and Industrial 
Relations, Urban Sociology, Social Psychology, Public Hygiene, Ethnic 
Groups in Industry. 

51. Technical Courses 

The Field and Fundamentals of Association Industrial Work, Principles 
and Policies of Association Industrial Work, Religious Service in Industry, 
Educational Service in Industry, Physical and Recreational Program in 
Industry, Social and Economic Program in Industry, Americanization, Vol- 
unteer Leadership, The Boy in Industry, Service with Foremen and Plant 
Executives. 

This Curriculum is Supplemented by 

(1) Laboratory work in Springfield such as teaching English to for- 
eigners, cooperating in shop meetings, leading educational groups of Ameri- 
can workingmen, handling clubs of employed boys, leading recreational and 
athletic work, promoting social activities in cooperation with the City Y. M. 
C. A. in Springfield and with other near-by city Associations. 

(2) Special lectures in connection with the various courses by employers, 
labor leaders, welfare managers, Association secretaries and others. 

(3) Observation trips to study the welfare work of various industrial 
plants and other agencies. 

(4) Practical experience during the summer months for which credit 
might be given, such as working as a laboring man or an assistant to some 
experienced industrial secretary. 



70 



Physical Education Course 

Faculty 

Doctor McCurdy, Director; Physical Diagnosis, Administration, Gymnas- 
tics 

Professor Berry, Associate Director; Physiology, Gymnastics, Athletics, 
Physiology of Exercise 

Professor Affleck; History of Physical Training, Hygiene, Anthropome- 
try, Aquatics 

Professor Johnson; Mathematics, Physics, Normal Work 
Professor Otto; Anatomy, Playground Administration, Gymnastics, Ath- 
letics, Normal Work 
Professor Betzler; Massage, Medical Gymnastics, Gymnastics 
Professor Wade; Chemistry 

Professor Brock; Director Normal Practice, Gymnastics, Athletics, Admin- 
istration 

Professor Judd; Gymnastics and Athletics, Varsity Gymnastic Team Coach 



Tutors 

E. F. Abercrombie, Aquatics 

G. H. Aylesworth, Medical Gymnastics 

G. D. Barclay, Baseball, Soccer 
R. H. Begg, Soccer 

D. G. Bennett, Baseball, Rugby 

J. P. Beukema, Aquatics, Gymnastics 

E. R. Bradley, Soccer 

C. L. Bryant, Aquatics, Gymnastics 

R. W. Cam mack, Track, Rugby, Gymnastics 

C. L. Carling, Baseball 

H. G. Carlson, Baseball 

W. B. Chase, Soccer, Cross Country, Games 

F. J. Civiletto, Rugby 

A. A. Clegg, Soccer, Gymnastics 

C. C. Cowell, Rugby 

A. R. Crawford, Mathematics 

I. D. Custer, Physics 
C. K. Delano, Rugby 

A. E. Dome, Rugby, History of Physical Training, Baseball, Gymnastics 
F. R. Eastwood, Canoeing, Soccer, Aquatics, Gymnastics 
C. H. Edwards, Track, Rugby, Gymnastics 



71 



Rudolph Fahl, Track, Chemistry, Gymnastics 
A. F. Fink, Baseball, Soccer 
Judson Ford, Rugby, Gymnastics 
Henry Goddard, Boxing 

C. W. Graves, Gymnastics 

V. H. Hartshorn, Gymnastics 

H. H. N. Hillebrandt, Baseball, Gymnastics 

G. C. Hobart, Baseball 

F. R. Hoercher, Aquatics 

D. G. Hosley, Baseball 

L. C. Husbands, Baseball, Rugby, Gymnastics 

A. G. Jeffrey, Baseball 

M. R. Johnson, Canoeing, Track 

L. J. Judd, Track 

E. W. Ladd, Aquatics 

R. H. Lavik, Baseball, Playground 
J. S. Law, Soccer, Cross Country 

H. L. MaLette, Pianist 

J. O. P. Manherz, Aquatics 

F. S. Mathewson, First Aid 
E. J. Mazeski, Soccer 

E. F. McCann, Baseball, Soccer, Gymnastics 
K. L. McCaskie, Aquatics, Gymnastics 

F. J. Moench, Track 

K. G. Montague, Wrestling 
C. P. L. Nicholls, Aquatics 
F. J. Noren, Baseball, Soccer 

E. W. O' Don nell, Rugby, Gymnastics 
W. T. Osborne, Soccer 

A. S. Peabody, Baseball, Track, Soccer, Cross Country, Aquatics 
R. W. Peters, Hygiene, Anatomy, Gymnastics 
L. H. Purvere, Baseball 

F. A. Robbins, Gymnastics 

A. F. Schaefer, Rugby, Gymnastics 

C. F. Simon, Aquatics, Gymnastics 

J. H. Starr, Soccer, Aquatics, Gymnastics 

J. W. Steinhilber, Baseball, Soccer, Aquatics, Gymnastics 

C. E. Stevens, Normal Work 

Robert Stone, Gymnastics 

E. P. Twombly, Baseball 

F. M. Van Wagner, Track 

E. H. Ward, Baseball, Rugby, Aquatics, Gymnastics 

W. L. Watson, Rugby 

L. A. Watters, Rugby, Aquatics 

E. L. Williams, Baseball, Soccer 

E. H. Ziegler, Physiology 



72 



General Statement 

This teachers' course in physical education plans definitely to do two 
things: First, the course aims to give a thorough technical training in 
the theory and practice of physical education in all its branches. Second, 
the course endeavors to coordinate all the studies and activities in religious 
and physical education into a coherent whole which shall develop physical 
education leaders who are also the religious leaders and character build- 
ers of the adolescent youth. It aims to assist in the formation not only 
of a curriculum of instruction, but a curriculum of activity related to health 
and moral development. 

There is no part of the country where athletics are more fostered, where 
the college athletic teams are better trained or where the local Young 
Men's Christian Associations are more vigorous in their physical work 
than in New England. 

The students visit the majority of the following named first-class gymna- 
siums during their course : The Association gymnasiums at Boston, Provi- 
dence, Cambridge, Holyoke, Hartford, New York, — Twenty-third Street, 
West Side, Harlem, — Brooklyn, Philadelphia ; college gymnasiums — Har- 
vard, Amherst, Yale, Columbia, University of Pennsylvania; New York 
Athletic Club; schools of gymnastics — Sargent Normal School, Wellesley 
College teachers' course. 

Nowhere else in the country could this valuable experience be gained 
with so little expenditure of time and money. 

The fine gymnasium of the local Association affords illustration of a 
model work. A well-organized course in physical training is conducted in 
the Springfield public schools. 

The location of the College upon Massasoit Lake furnishes an excel- 
lent opportunity for training in swimming, boating, canoeing and skating. 
A portion of the field is flooded and a rink constructed for ice hockey. 

The rise of the playground movement and the increased demands in 
recent years for physical directors for schools and colleges have led to 
the addition of a course in methods devoted to these departments. As 
the playground work comes largely in the summer time many of the 
students are enabled to secure appointments for the vacation season. 

Men in the Sophomore, Junior and Senior years who have low physical 
practice grades will be required to elect additional practice periods. 

Graduation Requirements. 

Degrees. The basis of this course is the studies which fit a man for 
thorough scientific work in physical training. Students who have fulfilled 
the requirements for admission described on page 106, who complete the 
four years' physical course, receiving in each subject a grade of not less 
than 80 per cent, and on their theses a grade not lower than worthy of 
praise, will be recommended to the trustees by the faculty for the degree 
of Bachelor of Physical Education (B.P.E.). 



73 



College graduates are required to take for graduation eight theory courses 
(twenty hours per week for two years), of which three are in religious 
education or allied subjects and five in physical education theory. In 
physical education practice they are required to complete the work for the 
last three years. 

Diplomas. Students who are not high school graduates, but who have 
fulfilled the requirements for admission in English, mathematics, history, 
physics and chemistry, described on pages 106 and 107, and who have com- 
pleted the three years' physical course of study for diploma men with a 
grade of 70 per cent, will be recommended by the faculty to the trustees for 
diplomas and will rank as graduates of the College. 



Physical Education Theory 

The duties of a modern physical director demand that he shall be able 
to make an intelligent examination of a person who comes to him for 
advice ; that he shall be able to wisely counsel with him in regard to food, 
clothing, sleep, work, exercise, and in general all those topics which are 
related to "living at one's best"; to put men into the condition of highest 
vitality and effectiveness in any line is his first work. He must take into 
account the intimate relationships existing between body and mind and 
must understand their mutual effects. He must be able to make his gymna- 
sium and play fields places of real recreation as well as of body building. 

To accomplish these various ends, he must know the body and its laws 
(anatomy, physiology and hygiene). He must have a detailed knowledge 
of the effects of exercise upon the body (physiology of exercise). He 
must know how to get men into the best condition for the performance of 
any physical effort (training). He must be acquainted with the funda- 
mental relations existing between a man's reproductive system and his 
bodily, mental and spiritual states (personal purity). He should know 
what to do in case of accidents (first aid to the injured). He must be 
able to make an intelligent examination of the heart, lungs and other 
organs (physical examination). He must know how to measure and test 
men and how to study these measurements in groups (anthropometry). 
He must know how to prescribe exercise for those needing remedial gym- 
nastics sent to him by physicians (prescription of exercise). He must 
have at his service the experience of those of the past (history, literature, 
philosophy of physical training). He must be perfectly familiar with all 
the work which he is to use or teach (gymnastics, athletics, aquatics, 
games, sports, etc.). He must be familiar with details of the management 
of the physical department of the institutions with which he will probably 
be connected (Young Men's Christian Association, college, school, play- 
ground, recreation center, boy scouts, boys' club, church club). Each student 
prepares a working bibliography of the subjects in the course. Instruction 
is given in bibliographical methods. 



74 



52. Biology and Histology 

For description of the course in biology see page 41. 

Histology. The last three weeks of the spring term, Freshman year, is 
devoted to a histological study of the mammalian body with emphasis upon 
human tissues. 

Laboratory. An acquaintance with the tissues is aimed at rather than a 
knowledge of microscopic technique. 

Text-books: Gray's "Anatomy," Lea Brothers, Philadelphia; "Gymnastic 
Kinesiology," Skarstrom, American Physical Education Association, Spring- 
field, Mass. ; "A Manual of Normal Histology and Organography," W. B. 
Saunders Co., Philadelphia. The laboratory fee for the course is $2.00. 

53. Anatomy 

(1) Gross Anatomy. Professor Otto, Sophomore year, fall and winter 
terms, five hours per week, 120 points or 12 units. Gross anatomy of the 
body and its parts. The body as a machine. The course aims to give the 
anatomical knowledge basal to a thorough understanding of the mechanical 
problems in gymnastics, athletics and corrective gymnastics. This includes 
a study of the bones, articulations, muscles, muscle insertions, leverage, and 
of the combined action of muscles and the mechanism of bodily movements. 
Demonstrations on individuals are conducted to illustrate the mechanical 
laws applied to gymnastic apparatus work and athletics. 

(a) Bones. A careful study is made of the bones of the body with 
special reference to muscular attachments. 

(b) Ligaments. A thorough study is made of the joints of the body 
including the synovial membranes, ligaments and muscular attachments 
with special attention to those joints most likely to be injured in athletic 
contests, such as the knee, shoulder and ankle. A careful study of flat 
foot is made. 

(c) Muscles. Muscles are studied with respect to their functions. 
Demonstrations and laboratory practice are conducted on the dissection of 
cats and on surface anatomy. 

(d) Animal Mechanism and Kinesiology. Skarstrom's "Gymnastic 
Kinesiology" is used as a text for this work, supplemented by special 
lectures, discussions and demonstrations, members of the class serving 
as models for illustrating the correct and incorrect way of doing exercises 
in calisthenics and in gymnasium apparatus work. For the latter purpose 
the class assembles on the gymnasium floor and the mechanical principles 
involved in fundamental exercises such as the upstart, uprise, body circles, 
giant circles, etc., are demonstrated. 

(e) Circulation. A study of the heart, arterial, capillary and venous 
system is made. 

(f) Digestive Apparatus. The alimentary tract is studied by demon- 
stration with cats and models. 



75 



(g) Nervous System. Covers a study of the brain, spinal cord, the 
main nerve tracks and the sympathetic system. 

(h) Reproductive System. A thorough study of the reproductive system. 

54. Mathematics and Physics 

(1) Algebra. Professor Johnson, Freshman year, fall term, five hours 
per week, 65 points or 6*/2 units. Text used, Hawkes' Advanced Algebra. 
The course covers a thorough review of algebra through quadratics with 
special emphasis on graphs, also taking up mathematical induction, binomial 
theorem, arithmetical and geometrical progression, permutations and com- 
binations, logarithms and other phases of college algebra. 

(2) Advanced Physics. Professor Johnson, Freshman year, winter term 
and part of spring term, 15 weeks, five hours per week, 75 points or iy 2 
units. This course will deal with kinematics, dynamics, statistics, work and 
energy, friction, machines, kinetics, gravity, mechanics of fluids and gases, 
sound, heat, magnetism and electricity. 

(3) Physiological Physics. Professor Johnson, Freshman year, latter 
part of spring term, six weeks, 30 points or 3 units. A study of the laws 
of physics as applied to the problems of physiology such as the flow of 
liquids in tubes, blood pressure, blood velocity, intrapulmonic and intra- 
thoracic pressure. Physiological stimulation by induction coils, demarca- 
tion current, negative variation, osmosis, osmotic pressure. The laws of the 
lever, momentum, etc., applied to gymnastics and athletics. 

55. Chemistry 

Professor Wade, Sophomore year, five hours per week, 175 points or 17^ 
units. The object of this course is to give the student a fundamental prepa- 
ration for the later study of physiology and hygiene in their relation to 
physical education and medicine. Lectures, recitations and laboratory work 
are carried on throughout the year. One year of secondary school chemistry 
is a prerequisite to admission to this course. 

(1) Advanced General Chemistry. Fall term. A rapid review of general 
chemistry with emphasis upon the non-metals and theoretical chemistry. 
Text-book: "A Course in General Chemistry," McPherson & Henderson. 

(2) Organic Chemistry. Winter term. The fundamentals of organic 
chemistry. 

(3) Special applications to physical education. Spring term. The chief 
emphasis is upon physiological chemistry. 

Laboratory fee, $8.00. 

56. Modern English Literature 

Mrs. Doggett, Senior year, winter and spring terms, two hours per week, 
44 points or 4 units. This course is designed as a study of those modern and 
contemporary English writers, poets, novelists and dramatists, who reflect 



76 



the present tendencies in social, political and religious thinking, or who have 
especially influenced present thought. 

The method used is directed towards the cultivation of taste and the crea- 
tion of a genuine appreciation of art in literature. 

Text-book: "English Literature during the Last Fifty Years," Cunliffe. 



57. Physiology 

(1) Physiology. Professor Berry, Junior year, five hours per week, 
175 points or \iy 2 units. The instruction consists of recitations, lectures 
and laboratory work. The viewpoint of the course is towards physiology 
of exercise and personal hygiene rather than medicine. It includes a 
study of circulation, respiration, digestion, absorption, excretion, metabo- 
lism, nutrition, animal heat, muscle, nerve, central nervous system and 
the special senses. 

(a) Digestion, Metabolism and Dietetics. The chemistry of digestion 
as discussed under physiological chemistry is reviewed and its application 
to metabolism is pointed out. The modern point of view regarding nutrition, 
high and low protein diet, etc., is thoroughly discussed and its application 
to training table diet and athletic performance and modern sedentary life is 
pointed out. 

(b) Circulation. Study of heart rate, blood pressure and the physics 
of the circulation, laying the foundation for the study of the effect of 
exercise upon this function. 

(c) Respiration. Study of inspired and expired air and of its appli- 
cation to ventilation, second wind, etc. 

(d) Muscles and Nerves. The problem of contraction of muscle, the 
effect of temperature, fatigue, etc., upon the muscle curve and its relation 
to athletic performance. 

(e) Central Nervous System. Function of the brain, cerebellum and 
cord. 

(f) Special Senses. 

(g) Laboratory Practice. Laboratory practice is carried on illustrat- 
ing the above, students to devote three days per week to this work. Fee, 
$3.00. 

The major portion of the experimental work at present consists of studies 
of the effect of exercises of speed, strength, skill and endurance on circula- 
tion, muscle and nerve. The effect of exercises of speed, strength, skill and 
endurance on heart rate, pulse characteristics and arterial pressure is studied 
in detail. In the fatigue studies with the ergograph, three types of instru- 
ments are used, the weight ergograph, the spring ergograph (isotonic 
method), and the spring ergograph (isometric method). On days of labora- 
tory work, an additional hour of class attendance will be expected of the 
student. 

Text-books : Howell, "Text Book of Physiology" ; Stewart, "Manual of 
Physiology and Practical Exercises." Collateral reading : Schafer, "Text 



77 



Book of Physiology" ; Tigerstedt, "Lehrbuch der Physiologie des Men- 
schen"; Hill, "Recent Advances in Physiology and Bio-Chemistry." 

(2) Physiology of Exercise. Professor Berry, Senior year, winter term, 
five hours per week, 55 points or 5^ units. This course consists of lectures, 
laboratory work, the preparation of digests and recitations upon assigned 
subjects. Seven introductory lectures are given, showing the biological set- 
ting of the problems of exercise in their relation to the health of the indi- 
vidual and the race. The material for the lecture and recitation course 
is covered in part by the following books and periodicals. The required 
readings are starred, the others are recommended : *Tyler, "Growth and 
Education" ; *Goddard, "Feeble-mindedness, Its Causes and Consequences," 
Chapters 1, 2, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10; Goodman, "Blood Pressure," Chapters 1-4, 
inclusive ; *Gulick, "Physical Education by Muscular Exercise" ; *Drum- 
mond, "Ascent of Man"; Walter, "Genetics"; *Goldmark, "Fatigue and 
Efficiency" ; *Cannon, "Bodily Changes in Pain, Hunger, Fear and Rage," 
Chapters 2, 6, 7, 8, 11, 12, 15; Crile, "Origin and Nature of the Emotions"; 
Stiles, "The Nervous System and Its Conservation," Chapters 8 and 9 ; 
Jordan, "War and the Breed" ; *Thomson, "Heredity." 

58. Hygiene 

(1) Personal. Professor Affleck, Sophomore year, fall term, five hours 
per week, 65 points or 6 l /2 units. Health from the standpoint of the indi- 
vidual's condition is largely a result of the care given the body. Special 
attention is given to the following processes and organs : 

(a) Digestion. Care of teeth, selection and preparation of food, dis- 
orders. 

(b) Respiration. Nose, common affections, adenoids, mouth breathing, 
throat, tonsils, care of voice. Chest and lungs, posture and shape of thorax, 
types of breathing. 

(c) Circulation. Effects of various types of exercise, oxygenation of 
blood. 

(d) Skin. Bathing, kind and effects. Clothing, various fabrics and 
weaves. Shoes, shape, etc. 

(e) Eye and Ear. Common difficulties, tests, glasses. 

(f) Brain and Nervous System. Fatigue, overwork, recreation. Nar- 
cotics and stimulants, precautions, sleep. 

Immunity. General vigor as condition of efficiency and precaution against 
disease. 

Text-books : "Personal Hygiene," Pyle ; "Hydrotherapy," Kellogg ; "Pro- 
longation of Life," Metchnikof; "Science of Living," Sadler; "Care of 
the Body," Woodworth. 

(2) Public. Professor Affleck, Junior year, winter term, five hours 
per week, 55 points or Sy 2 units. Health as influenced by individual's 
environment. The chief topics given special consideration are : Water, 
public supply, purification, etc.; air and ventilation, impurities, methods 
of securing adequate supply; heating and lighting, requirements, adminis- 



78 

tration ; disposal of sewage and other refuse ; soils, constituents and in- 
fluence ; communicable diseases and their prevention ; hospitals, quarantine, 
disinfection; climate; vital statistics. 

Text-books : "Practical Hygiene," Parkes ; "Treatise on Hygiene," Steven- 
son & Murphy; "Principles of Hygiene," Bergey; "Air, Water, Food," 
Richards and Woodman ; "Practical Hygiene," Harrington ; "Hygiene and 
Sanitation," Egbert. 

(3) School. Professor Affleck, Junior year, spring term, five weeks, 
five hours per week, 25 points or 2 J /2 units. 

School hygiene is separately treated, including furniture, postural defects, 
growth and fatigue, the curriculum, playground, recesses, games, medical 
examination and defects. 

Text-books: "School Hygiene," Shaw; "School Hygiene," Kotelman; 
"Medical Inspection of Schools," Gulick and Ayres. 

(4) Building. Professor Affleck, Junior year, spring term, six weeks, 
five hours per week, 30 points or 3 units. 

The following are among the most important topics: Study of city, 
agencies and facilities existing for health and exercise, further needs, 
policy of Association, especially of physical department, as determining 
requirements of gymnasium, funds available for construction and main- 
tenance; location, size, relation of various features of physical department 
to each other and to other departments ; lighting, amount required, sources, 
kinds and expense of artificial lighting; heating, requirements of tem- 
perature, humidity, etc.; methods, direct, indirect, various combinations; 
heating and lighting plants; ventilation, quantity of air required, methods 
of providing and distributing, removal of impure air ; details of plans, 
materials, construction, equipment and care of offices and examining rooms, 
bathrooms and fittings; natatorium, overflow, heating and filtering water; 
lockers, dressing and toilet rooms, main and auxiliary gymnasiums includ- 
ing running track and visitors' gallery, special rooms, e.g., handball, bowl- 
ing alleys, boxing, leaders' clubs, storage and supplies, etc.; janitorial 
methods. 

59. Anthropometry and Physical Examinations 

Professor Affleck, Junior year, fall term, five hours per week, 65 points 
or 6y 2 units. Treated through lectures, discussions, digests, assigned read- 
ings and laboratory practice. 

(a) Historical. Origin of the science. Laws of human proportions. 
Sketch of military, college and public school anthropometry. 

(b) Values. Statistical and diagnostic value of measurements. Com- 
parative value of various kinds of anthropometric tables. Relative value 
and point of view for taking individual measurements. Comparative value 
and adaptation of various forms of strength tests — Intercollegiate, Kellogg's, 
Sargent's, etc. 

(c) Statistical Methods. The ideal, type, average, mean, probable 
deviation, probable error, etc., defined and discriminated. The whole process 



79 

of construction of anthropometric tables is demonstrated to the student 
by practical problems in their actual construction. 

The generalizing and individualizing methods of observation. The abso- 
lute annual increase in growth and the relative annual increase. The 
correlation of anatomical and physiological tests. 

(d) Laws of Growth. Comparative growth in height, weight, lung 
capacity, strength, etc. Racial, seasonal and diurnal rhythms, including 
the whole discussion of acceleration and retardation of growth and assigned 
causes. Nascent periods, age of puberty, Bowditch's law, etc. Changes in 
growth produced by environment ; influence of exercise upon growth ; of 
disease; of occupation; nationality, etc. Physical basis of mental efficiency. 

(e) Types of Development. The typical college man, college woman, 
strong man, sprinter. American boys and girls. 

Text-books: "Manual for Physical Measurement" (Boys and Girls), 
Hastings; "Anthropometry and Physical Examination," Seaver; "Manual 
of Mental and Physical Tests," Whipple. 

60. Physical Diagnosis, Prescription of Exercise 

Dr. McCurdy, Senior year, fall term, five hours per week. 

(1) Physical Diagnosis, 40 points or 4 units. Study of the appearances, 
conditions, defects and deformities likely to be met with in the examining 
room. Method of examining the heart, lungs, etc., to prepare the student 
to assume such responsibilities as may properly rest upon the physical 
director and to protect those who may come under his charge against 
unwise exercise and habits of life. 

(2) Prescription of Exercise, 25 points or 2y 2 units. The adaptation 
of various forms of exercise to the needs of the individual. Exercise as 
affecting : 

(a) Form. The thorax. Effect of prolapse of viscera. Methods for 
their restoration. Position of the shoulders, raising and lowering shoul- 
ders. ^Etiology of unevenness. Shoulder blades flattening against the 
trunk. The building up of small parts. The reduction of fat. Spinal 
curvatures. 

(b) Vitality. Special need of exercise during present civilization. 
Neurasthenia. Deficient nutritive ability. Relation of exercise to vitality. 
Exercise with reference to temperament. Large versus small dosage. 

(c) Disease. Congestions; hernia; constipation; cardiac weakness; 
cardiac insufficiency ; partial paralysis ; indigestion. The writing out of 
prescriptions to suit special cases. Strength tests as a basis for prescription. 

(3) Training. Preparatory to athletic competition. 

The object of the course is to enable the student to prescribe exercise 
intelligently. In so far as this laps over the field of medical practice in 
the treatment of disease, the aim is to enable the student to take the 
general instructions of the physician, render them definite and carry them 
out effectively. The limitations of this treatment are carefully considered. 

Text and reference books : "Physical Examination and Diagnostic Anat- 



80 

omy," Slade; "Medical Inspection of Schools," Gulick and Ayres ; "Medi- 
cal Examination of Schools and Scholars," Kelynack; "Health and Medi- 
cal Inspection of School Children," Cornell ; "Medical Inspection of Schools," 
Hogarth; "Exercise in Education and Medicine," McKenzie; "Occupational 
Diseases," Thompson. 

61. Medical Gymnastics 

Professor Betzler. An elective course in medical gymnastics will be 
offered to Seniors in 1921 and to other qualified men. The clinical facili- 
ties at present allow a limited number to elect work in medical gymnastics. 

The work consists of the treatment of bad postural habits and deformi- 
ties, kyphosis, lordosis, scoliosis. Gymnastic treatment is given for infantile 
paralysis, for stiffened joints, for obesity, for constipation, for cardiac 
weakness and other ailments amenable to gymnastic treatment. The exercises 
are taken under the advice of regular physicians. 

62. Physical Education Administration 

Dr. McCurdy and Professor Brock, Senior year, spring term, ten hours 
per week, 110 points or 11 units. 

The chief national organizations for the administration of physical 
activities will be studied. This will include such organizations as the 
Athletic League of North America (Y. M. C. A.), the Amateur Athletic 
Union, the various intercollegiate Athletic Associations (faculty and stu- 
dent), the National Educational Association (physical section) and the 
North American Gymnastic Union. The object will be to familiarize the 
students with the essential facts concerning the methods of administration 
in these organizations. The best methods of organization and administra- 
tion for local institutions will receive careful attention. In the Young 
Men's Christian Association consideration will be given to the organization 
of the physical department committee with the various subcommittees, the 
relation of these committees to the board of directors, to the general 
secretary and to the physical activities in organizations outside of the 
Association. This will include a study of the various forms of extension 
work. In educational institutions the methods of organization will be 
studied. This will include public schools (elementary, grammar and 
secondary), private secondary schools, normal schools (state and private) 
and the colleges and universities. The administration of municipal gym- 
nasiums will be studied. The class will consider the work of the officers 
of administration and instruction, together with the personal qualities 
needed for successful work in the various branches of physical education. 

The essentials of a thorough business administration in relation to 
finances, to office management, to the methods of publicity and to the 
administration of the property will receive careful attention. The admin- 
istration of the activities of the physical education department in gym- 
nastics, athletics and aquatics is studied. 



81 



63. Play and Playgrounds 

With the remarkable growth of the playground movement and the 
excellent opportunities for service offered by this new phase of effort has 
come a demand for play leaders, trained and consecrated to the service 
of the people. The technical course includes several of the subjects pre- 
viously offered in the regular curriculum, to which has been added a series 
of special lectures and prescribed readings and practice. Throughout the 
entire course special attention is given to the literature of the subject, 
using as texts, "American Playgrounds," by Mero, and "Playground Tech- 
nique and Playcraft," by Leland. A selected working bibliography is required 
of each student. 

The outline follows : 

(1) Playground Methods. Professor Otto, Freshman year, spring term, 
five hours per week, ten weeks, 55 points or 5^ units. This course is 
open also to students in the secretarial department. In this course, which 
is intended to supplement those indicated below, consideration is given 
to the following : 

(a) Philosophy. Nature, function and need of play, theories of play, 
place of play in life and education, aims and spirit in conduct of play, 
age and sex differences in play, relation of play to work, need for play 
spaces and organized play in school, city, country. 

(b) Supervisory Organizations. Various types of agencies promoting 
the playground idea and supervising the work done, e.g., voluntary, edu- 
cational, municipal and the various combinations of these, trend towards 
municipal control, methods of publicity, printed matter, lectures, stereopticon, 
press reports, exhibits and festivals. 

(c) Construction and Equipment. Inventory of possible sites, system- 
atic study of city, basis of selection from possible sites, means of securing 
sites, e.g., donation, permission to use, lease, purchase, etc. ; plan of 
ground and placing of various parts of equipment, equipment found more 
desirable ; landscape gardening, fences, surfacing ; outdoor gymnasium, men, 
women, dressing rooms ; play spaces for children, sand courts, swings ; 
athletic facilities, track, baseball, tennis, etc.; aquatic facilities, wading, 
swimming, bathing ; social facilities, assembly halls ; educational facilities, 
reading rooms, branch libraries, classes, manual training, lectures; detailed 
specifications of plans and equipment for various types of playground, home- 
made apparatus, etc. 

(d) Administration. Conduct of activities; organization of working 
force, training of assistants, information and courses of greatest immediate 
use to instructors, stated conferences; conduct of the playground office, 
records and statistics; purchase, care and repair of equipment and supplies; 
discipline, rules, rewards, police, cooperation of children; most successful 
activities and their organization, daily program, special programs, exhibitions 
and festivals, excursions, tournaments and contests, leagues ; social gather- 
ings ; educational classes, story telling, manual training, dancing, athletic and 
gymnastic features, etc. Relationships to other agencies, e.g., homes, schools, 



82 

boys' clubs, juvenile courts, settlements, Young Men's Christian Associations, 
institutional churches, etc. 

(e) History. Attitude of church fathers and educators to play; intro- 
duction and patronage of play spaces in Germany (Guts Muths, Jahn, 
Froebel), in England; beginnings in United States, Salem 1821, Charles- 
bank 1887, Philadelphia and Providence 1893, Chicago, Minneapolis, New 
York, Pittsburgh and Worcester 1896, Baltimore and Milwaukee 1897, 
Cambridge and San Francisco 1898, Brooklyn 1899, etc.; types, e.g., sand 
gardens, school yards, municipal and park playgrounds, playgrounds for 
institutions ; bathing beaches and swimming pools ; details of growth in 
most advanced cities ; playground legislation and statistics. 

(f) Practice. Two hours per week are given to actual playing of games 
and participation in various other playground activities. 

(2) Child Nature. Dr. Seerley. 

For details see Psychology — Physiological and Genetic, page 42. 

(3) Pedagogy. Professor Dawson. 

For details see Pedagogy and Religious Education, page 37. 

(4) Social Conditions of Neighborhood. Professor Cheney. 
For details see syllabus of course in Municipal Sociology, page 48. 

(5) Hygiene and First Aid. Professor Affleck. 

For details see outline of these subjects, pages 77 and 83. 

64. History and Literature of Physical Training 

Professor Affleck, Sophomore year, fall term, nine weeks, five hours per 
week, 45 points or 4H units. 

This course aims to give familiarity with bibliographical methods and 
with the literature bearing on the history of physical training, together 
with a working knowledge of library economy and facility in the use of 
the various sources of information offered by the library. Special attention 
is given to professionally technical magazines. From assigned collateral 
reading, each student is required to make frequent reports upon special 
themes relative to the development, nature, influence, etc., of the various 
historical types of physical training. 

(1) Ancient Period. Egyptian, Jewish, Greek and Roman, funeral 
games, periodic games, special attention to Olympic. Prize and honor 
systems, rise and influence of professionalism on Greek games. Motives 
and place of Greek physical training. Public and gladiatorial games of 
Rome, amphitheaters and circuses, baths, etc. 

(2 Medieval Period. Attitude of church towards the body. Divorce 
between natural and spiritual. Relationship of feudalism, rise and charac- 
teristics of chivalry. Knightly tournaments. 

(3) Modern Period. The renaissance, opinions and influence of writ- 
ings of Mercurialis, Rabelais, Montaigne, Luther, Locke, Rousseau. Work 
and influence of Basedow, Pestalozzi, Mulcaster, Guts Muths, Salzmann, 
Nachtegall, etc., with special attention to Jahn and Ling and their suc- 
cessors. History and type of physical exercise in England — athletics of 



83 



English schools and colleges. Olympic games as revived by Baron Pierre 
de Coubertin. Origin of important games, e.g., football, tennis, golf, 
cricket, etc. 

(4) The American Movement. Early interest at Round Hill, Harvard, 
Yale. Manual training movement in educational institutions. Revival of 
popular interest led by Dio Lewis, Beecher and others. Origin, develop- 
ment and types of physical training in colleges and universities. History 
and influence of the various normal training schools. Summer schools, 
conferences. Important organized and administrative bodies. American 
Physical Education Association and its sections. North American Turner- 
bund, Amateur Athletic Union, Intercollegiate Association of United 
States, Athletic League of North America, Y. M. C. A. Physical Directors' 
Society, Athletic Research Society. Special attention to the growth and 
present features of Y. M. C. A. and International Committee physical 
department. Work and influence of prominent leaders — Dio Lewis, Dr. 
Hitchcock, Dr. Sargent, Dr. Seaver, R. J. Roberts, Dr. Hartwell, William 
Wood, Dr. Gulick and others. Publications, American Physical Education 
Review, Triangle and Physical Education, Physical Training, Mind and 
Body, Posse Gymnasium Journal, etc. 

65. Massage 

Professor Betzler, Sophomore year, fall term, five hours per week, 65 
points or 6y 2 units. 

In the classroom work consideration is given to the technical procedures 
of massage, including touch, stroking, friction, kneading, vibration, per- 
cussion and joint movements ; under physiological effects the general 
stimulating reflex, sedative and restorative influences are discussed, as 
well as the effect upon muscular system, nervous system, circulation, res- 
piration, digestion, nutrition and elimination. Special emphasis is placed 
upon such therapeautic applications as come legitimately within the sphere 
of the physical director, e.g., bruises, sprains, neurasthenia, etc. 

Each student has clinical practice under supervision for two hours per 
week and is required to pass a satisfactory examination in both theory 
and practice. 

References : "Art of Massage," Kellogg ; "Handbook of Massage," 
Kleen; "Practical Massage," Nissen ; "On Sprains," Moullin; "Medical 
Gymnastics," Posse. 

66. First Aid 

Professor Affleck, Sophomore year, fall term, four weeks, five hours per 
week, 20 points or 2 units. 

This course offers in detail a consideration of cause, nature and treat- 
ment of bruises, wounds, burns, scalds, bites, sprains, dislocations, frac- 
tures, faints, shocks, hemorrhage, asphyxia, etc. ; nature and effects of 
poisons, antidotes, narcotics and stimulants ; kinds and uses of bandages, 
dressings, antiseptics and disinfectants, emergency kits, etc. 



84 

The purpose of both theoretical and practical work is to qualify the 
students to render efficient service in cases of emergency. Upon passing 
a satisfactory examination, students may secure a certificate and diploma 
from the National First Aid Society. 

Text-book: "Immediate Aid to the Injured," Morrow. 



67. Physical Training Seminar 

Dr. McCurdy and Professors Berry, Affleck, Johnson, Otto, Betzler and 
Ball. A seminar will be held on advanced work in physical training, at 
which there will be presented original work done by the faculty, gradu- 
ate students and undergraduates and by other specialists. The seminar 
will keep abreast of the newer lines of physical training and is required 
of Junior and Senior students in the physical course and is elective for 
Freshmen and Sophomores. Junior credits, 20 points or 2 units. Senior 
credits, 20 points or 2 units. 

Each Senior student who is a candidate for a degree will prepare a 
thesis upon some topic related to the course of study. This thesis will 
count for 175 points or 17^4 units. This work must be done under the 
direct supervision and cooperation of one of the instructors. The title of 
the thesis shall be engrossed upon the diploma and ranked either as satis- 
factory, worthy of praise, worthy of high praise, worthy of very high 
praise, or worthy of highest praise. The two higher grades will be 
given only for work that is original. The thesis in order to be graded 
must be typewritten and bound before May 15. Theses presented at 
graduation become the property of the College. They may be published 
only with the consent of the College and under the conditions outlined 
by the College. 

Seminars, 1919-1920 

H. W. Long, Physical Director Y. M. C. A., Petrograd, Russia, "Physical 

Education in Russia." 
F. H. Brown, National Physical Director for Japan, "Physical Education 

in Japan." 

C. H. McCloy, Secretary for Physical Training for China, "Physical Edu- 
cation in China." 

R. L. Fisher, pitcher Cincinnati National League Baseball Club, "The Last 

World's Series." 
Student Theses, 1919-1920. 

H. E. Brown, "Fancy Diving." 

R. W. Cammack, "Physical Education in Ceylon." 

C. L. Carling, "Physiological Effects of Gymnastics on Blood Pressure." 
H. G. Carlson, "Treatise on Baseball Pitching in School and College." 
R. M. Cate, "Physical Education in Normal Schools of the United States." 
E. C. Coffin, "Effect of Coffee on Heart Rate and Blood Pressure." 
H. W. Conner, "Relation of Physical and Religious Life." 



85 



R. U. Cooper, "The Physiological Effect of Regular Exercise upon Fresh- 
men at Springfield College." 
H. D. Drew, "Psychology of Competitive Games." 
C. A. Eggebrecht, "Physiological Effect of Basket Ball." 
E. R. Elbel, "The Foot and Its Covering." 

C. L. Graham, "Effect of Smoking on Heart Rate and Blood Pressure." 

E. J. Hutchinson, "Physical Education in Colleges." 
L. J. Judd, "Indian Club Swinging." 

A. J. Kalloch, "Industrial Betterment." 

R. H. Lavik, "Effect of Tobacco Smoking upon Endurance." 
N. G. Mansfield, "Venereal Disease in the Army and Its Application to 
Civilian Life." 

F. J. Moench, "Physical Education in Summer Camps for Boys." 
J. J. Rodriguez, "Athletic Hand Book for South America." 

W. G. Spencer, "Health Talks to Boys." 

F. M. Van Wagner, "The Standardization of Cardiac Efficiency Tests." 
R. R. Ylanan, M. D., "The Influence of Physical Education on the Growth 
and Development of the Young." 

Physical Education Practice 

The aim is to qualify students as teachers of gymnastics, athletics and 
aquatics. A minimum of time will thus be spent in practice of mere feats 
of strength or skill in any of these branches. Emphasis is placed on the 
enthusiastic pushing of those exercises which are of chief value to the 
average man. Muscular strength and coordination are to be developed 
only so far as they increase vitality. Class rather than individual work is 
emphasized and the elements of recreation and moral discipline are sought. 
Physical education is rapidly evolving. The aim is to fit the student for 
the new movement rather than for the old. The progression in gym- 
nastics, athletics and aquatics will be as rapid as is consistent with thorough- 
ness. 

This course includes, in addition to instruction in the regular physical 
training branches, a carefully outlined course in normal teaching. The 
normal practice commences in the Freshman year and is continued through 
the four years for students in the physical course and through two years 
for students in the secretarial course. This work is divided into three 
parts : First, that in the pupil's own class ; second, the normal practice 
classes ; third, the work in the paid positions. The class normal practice 
is under the direct supervision of the instructors ; for example, the Junior 
class in calisthenics is divided into several squads with a teacher in charge 
of each squad. This practice occurs regularly in addition to the course of 
lectures on pedagogy. A recitation course in gymnastic nomenclature and 
athletic rules is given in connection with each year's floor and field work. 
Each unexcused absence from class deducts one per cent from the theory 
or practice grade ; e.g., fall athletic theory, indoor gymnastic practice. Two 
tardy marks count as an absence. 



86 



In the paid positions fifty-five men are this year receiving practice and 
in addition are earning the whole or a part of their expenses. 

68. Normal Practice Courses, I, la, II, Ha, III, Ilia, IV, IVa 

These courses include observation work in the various physical activities, 
practice teaching in gymnastics, athletics, aquatics and games, officiating 
and executive work in all these activities. 

The Springfield high schools and the grammar schools use the College 
grounds as headquarters for their outdoor activities. The Sunday School 
Athletic League uses the College equipment and plant for both outdoor and 
indoor exercises. In addition to the instruction of the regular students, 
1,000 boys and young men receive instruction in the College gymnasiums 
and on the athletic fields. One hundred and seventy-five different men acted 
as leaders in 11,665 physical practice events, divided as follows: Baseball 
255, basket ball 1,800, football 156, soccer 351, gymnastics 2,352, boys' club 
993, track athletics 230, student tutors 3,237, hockey 15, swimming 2,276. 
As a result of this training, students are in demand as teachers, coaches and 
officials in Associations, schools, colleges and clubs within a radius of 
seventy-five miles. 

Practice teaching within the individual class under criticism and obser- 
vation work in Springfield and vicinity under the supervision of the class 
instructor are conducted by the class teachers as noted below. 

Normal Practice I, II, III, IV 

Normal Practice I. 

Freshmen, Professor Otto. 

Indoors. The class will be divided into small sections for marching, 
free exercises and dumb-bells. Each section will have an assigned leader 
who will teach the lessons suggested by the instructor, who will later dis- 
cuss the pedagogy of the lesson taught and call the attention of the class 
to the principles and methods involved. 

Normal Practice II. 

Sophomores, Professor Brock. 

Outdoors. Men will be assigned as officials in soccer and Rugby. 

Indoors. The class will be divided into small sections. The appointed 
leader for each section will have practice in teaching marching, calis- 
thenics, including wands and Indian clubs by imitation and command, and 
practice in officiating at games. One-half hour is later devoted to criticism 
and suggestions regarding such work. 

Normal Practice III. 
Juniors, Professor Judd. 

Indoors. Men will be assigned to lead marching, calisthenics, apparatus 
exercises and games in their own or other classes. 



87 



Normal Practice IV. 

Seniors, Dr. McCurdy, Professor Judd. 

The Seniors will plan new work, subject to the criticism and suggestions 
of the class and the teachers. They will be assigned observation and teach- 
ing practice outside their regular instruction periods. 

Normal Practice la, Ila, Ilia, IVa 

Professors Johnson and Brock 

Credits are allowed only when report slips are turned in within forty- 
eight hours after the work has been done. Men are encouraged to find 
opportunities for normal practice. Assignments are made preferably for 
work the student has found for himself. 

Normal Practice la. 

Freshmen, 20 points or 2 units. 

Freshmen may elect 20 hours of practice teaching. 

Normal Practice Ila. 

Sophomores, 20 points or 2 units. 

Assigned work with the various classes and leagues. 

The work is squad teaching and officiating. 

Normal Practice Ilia. 

Juniors, required, 30 points or 3 units. 

Assigned work in teaching, officiating and coaching. 

Normal Practice IVa. 

Seniors, 30 points or 3 units, elective and assigned work in teaching. 

Assigned work in the promotion, management and officiating of meets, 
in the organization of classes for various groups of boys and young men, 
and in individual work with special cases. 

69. Outdoor Work— Fall Term 

Graduates of accredited colleges take during their Junior year Sopho- 
more Rugby theory and Sophomore soccer theory and practice. Regular 
Junior and Senior work is taken during the Senior year. 

Rugby Football 

(1) Freshmen, Professor Otto, eight weeks, three days per week. 

(a) Practice, 24 points or 2]/ 2 units. Instruction is given in methods of 
handling the ball, including punting, in playing the various positions and 
in team play. Minimum tests — charging, punting 25 yards, handling punts, 
forward passing. 



88 

(b) Pedagogy, 12 points or 1 unit. This will cover a thorough discus- 
sion of the playing rules for the current season, particularly from the 
standpoint of the player. 

(2) Sophomores, Professor Otto, eight weeks, three days per week. 

(a) Practice, 24 points or 2 l / 2 units. Students are taught punting, drop 
place kicking, tackling, blocking, interfering and other fundamentals. They 
continue their team practice begun in the Freshman year in teams graded 
according to ability. Minimum tests — punting 30 yards, drop and place 
kicking 20 yards, two goals out of five trials. Examination on tackling 
dummy and on catching punts. 

(b) Pedagogy, 12 points or 1 unit. The rules are studied during this 
year from the standpoint of coaching and officiating. The theory consists 
of lectures and discussions on the history and development of the game. 
It covers football fundamentals and discussion of the old and new game. 

(3) Juniors, Professors Otto and Johnson, eight weeks, two days per 
week. 

(a) Practice, 16 points or V/ 2 units. The Juniors are assigned to practice 
in groups, according to their proficiency. 

(b) Pedagogy, 8 points or 1 unit, Professor Johnson, two days per week. 
The men will receive instruction and practice in officiating. 

(4) Seniors, Professor Berry, two days per week. Men must elect Rugby 
or soccer. The development of strategy and methods of coaching will 
receive careful consideration. Physical condition will be studied in rela- 
tion to individual and team development. This work will be taken with 
varsity theory on Tuesdays and Thursdays. Observation work will be 
required. 

(5) Varsity team, Professor Berry, faculty adviser and coach; Professor 
Otto, assistant coach. 

(a) Practice, 20 points or 2 units. Careful attention will be given to 
the development and rounding out of a team. 

(b) Pedagogy, 10 points or 1 unit, will be taken with the Seniors on 
the two days devoted to strategy. 

Soccer Football 

Eight weeks, two periods per week. 

(1) Freshmen, Professor Judd. 

(a) Practice, 16 points or \y 2 units. The introductory work consists 
of the training of the judgment in locating the ball, then in controlling 
it by means of foot, body and head. This is followed by passing and run- 
ning with the ball and develops into a combination of play. 

(b) Pedagogy, 8 points or y 2 unit. The classroom sessions consider 
the history and rules for the season, the value of the game from the stand- 
point of the player. 

(2) Sophomores, Professor Brock. 

(a) Practice, 16 points or \ l / 2 units. This consists of teamwork in 



89 



the open field and later against opponents, the emphasis being placed upon 
passing and combinations. 

(b) Pedagogy, 8 points or l / 2 unit. This consists of discussions of the 
individual duties of the players in each position, together with the function 
of the units, forwards and backs, especially in offense. 

(3) Juniors, Professor Affleck. 

(a) Practice, 16 points or \y 2 units. This consists in the perfecting 
of team playing, the development of strategy, use of signals and the 
essentials in coaching and officiating. 

(b) Pedagogy, 8 points or l / 2 unit. This covers the interpretation of 
rules, the development of team playing, especially defensive, the essentials 
of coaching and instruction concerning officiating. 

(4) Seniors, Professor Affleck. 

(a) Practice, 8 points or l / 2 unit. This consists of assigned work in 
connection with coaching the various units of a team, officiating, recording 
and criticising plays. 

(b) Pedagogy, 8 points or ]/ 2 unit. This is taken with the varsity team 
and consists of development of strategy, discussion and criticism of games 
played, essentials in conditioning, coaching and officiating. 

(5) Varsity team, Professor Affleck, faculty adviser and coach. 
The entire schedule is played in the fall term. 

(a) Practice, 24 points or 2 units. 

(b) Pedagogy, 8 points or x / 2 unit. 

In addition to the work outlined for Seniors chief attention is given to 
the development of the team. 

Cross Country — Hare and Hound 

(1) Freshmen, Professor Otto, 5 points or y 2 unit. 

(a) Practice. Each Freshman is required to participate successfully 
in at least one hare and hound chase, varying from four to ten miles 
according to his ability. For this purpose the class is divided into groups 
which run separately, each group being in charge of a squad leader who 
is responsible for performance of individuals in his charge. 

(b) Pedagogy. For some days before the chase the class is instructed 
in the custom and rules of the contest, those selected as hares receiving 
special suggestions concerning legitimate devices to outwit their pursuers. 

(2) Varsity team, Professor Otto, faculty adviser and coach. Train- 
ing for team competition. 

70. Outdoor Work— Winter Term 

Hockey 

(1) Freshmen, Professor Otto. 

(a) Practice, 5 points or l / 2 unit. From time to time, as weather 
permits, practice is given in skating, individual handling of stick and puck, 
and in team games. The plan is to have ten days in all devoted to super- 



* 



90 

vised practice. In addition to prescribed class work much time is given by- 
students singly or in groups to the enjoyment of this sport. 

(b) Pedagogy, 5 points or l / 2 unit. Sufficient classroom time is given 
for a study and discussion of the playing rules of the game. 

(2) Sophomores, Professor Brock. 

(a) Practice, 5 points or l / 2 unit. Further training along the lines for 
the Freshmen, laying emphasis on the development of the team game. 

(b) Pedagogy, 5 points or ]/ 2 unit. Discussions of the team game and 
coaching and officiating. 

(3) Varsity team, Professor Otto, faculty adviser, 10 points or 1 
unit. During suitable weather two practices per week are held and a 
schedule of match games varying from six to ten is played. 

71. Outdoor Work — Spring Term 

Graduates of accredited colleges take, during their Junior year, Junior 
track theory and practice and Junior baseball theory and practice. Regu- 
lar Senior work is taken during the Senior year. 

Track and Field Events 

Two days per week for six weeks. 

(1) Freshmen, Professor Otto. 

(a) Practice, 18 points or 2 units. Starting and Sprinting. The class 
will receive instruction in the different styles of starting, with a discussion 
of the reasons for adoption or rejection of each style in sprinting, with 
a study of such points as body inclination, leg swing, leg drive, stride, 
reach and angle of feet. 

Running High Jump. The class will note the distance, speed and direc- 
tion of run for take off, the turning out of the toes, the crouch, the 
use of arms and back, the turn and the proper use of both the jumping 
and the swinging leg. 

Pole Vault. Instruction is given in the methods of carrying the pole 
during the run and take off, the distance and speed of the run, the relation 
of the grasp of the hands to the height of the cross bar, the distance of 
the pole and jumping foot from the cross bar, with the considerations 
which influence these distances, the time relations of the take off, pull up, 
slide, leg lift and turn. 

Shot Put. The student is taught the method of holding the shot, posi- 
tion of the elbow, of the feet in the circle, of the trunk and legs after 
the hop, the distance gained during the hop and the time of the arm thrust. 

(b) Pedagogy, 6 points or y 2 unit. The theory will cover the pedagogy 
of the events taught. 

(2) Sophomores, Professor Otto. 

(a) Practice, 18 points or 2 units. Hurdles. Instruction is given in the 
leg swing, stride, reach and angle of feet, the number of strides to first 
hurdle, the character and number of strides between hurdles, the methods 



91 

of bucking hurdles, the time to cut down over a hurdle, the time to cut 
forward with the right leg, the abduction of the thigh and the eversion of 
the foot. 

Running Broad Jump. The class learns the best method of getting the 
take off, the distance of the first and second mark, the effect of the last 
stride being too long or too short, the crouch, the position of the knees 
after the rise from the take off, the time of the forward thrust of the 
feet, etc. 

Hammer Throw, (a) Without turn. Instruction is given in the posi- 
tion of the feet, the plane of the circle, the pull of the body to balance the 
hammer, keeping the hammer behind the body and to the right, (b) With 
turn. The keeping speed of turn up to speed of hammer, the pivot on the 
left foot ; with the double turn the class notes the necessity of bringing 
the low point of the hammer nearer to the front, of keeping the first turn 
slow and the second rapid enough to keep ahead of the hammer. 

Discus. The class learns the position of the discus in the hand, the 
position of the feet in the circle, the methods of making the turn, keeping 
the throwing arm behind the body, of delivery and securing a good scale. 

(b) Pedagogy, 6 points or x / 2 unit. The class will study the pedagogy 
of the events taught and the rules of athletic competition, including those 
of the Young Men's Christian Association, the Amateur Athletic Union 
and the Intercollegiate Athletic Association. 

(3) Juniors, Professor Otto. 

(a) Practice, 18 points or 2 units. Javelin Throw. The class is taught 
the proper method of carrying the javelin, the grip, the throwing arm kept 
well back, point of the javelin in direct line, the reversal of feet and final 
release of the javelin. 

Running Hop, Step and Jump. The class learns the method of securing 
the take off, position of the body on the hop, distance of the step and the 
final effort in the broad jump. 

Standing High Jump. Instruction is given in the position of the body 
preparatory to the jump, the arm swing, the rock, the leg action, the bodily 
position over the bar and the dismount. 

Standing Broad Jump. Instruction is given in the position of the body 
preparatory to the jump, arm swing and heel raising, angle of the body, 
leg push, final leg swing for distance and vigorous arm action. 

440-yard Dash. Instruction is given to the class in securing the proper 
start, the dash for the first turn, track tactics, stride, and the final spurt 
to the tape. 

(b) Pedagogy, 6 points or l / 2 unit. The class will study the pedagogy 
of the events taught. 

(4) Seniors, Professor Otto. 

(a) Practice, 18 points or 2 units. The class will review the various 
athletic events of the previous years and will be given opportunity for 
specialization. Work is assigned in the promotion, management and offi- 
ciating of games and meets. 

(b) Pedagogy, 6 points or y 2 unit. Students will study coaching and 



92 



discuss the common faults of competitors from the teacher's standpoint. 
The daily schedule of training for various events will be studied. The 
management of athletic meets is considered. 

(5) Varsity track team, Professor Otto, faculty adviser and coach. 
Training for a series of meets with other colleges. 

Baseball 

Six weeks, two days per week. 

(1) Freshmen, Professor Johnson. 

(a) Practice, 18 points or 2 units. Three hours per week on work of 
the fundamentals — bunting, straightaway hitting, fielding, base running, base 
sliding, etc., team practice. 

(b) Pedagogy, Professor Berry, 6 points or J / 2 unit. One hour per week 
spent in a careful study of baseball rules, scoring, theory of batting. 

(2) Sophomores. 

(a) Practice, Professor Johnson, 18 points or 2 units. Three hours 
per week. Continued practice in the fundamentals, but more time spent 
on development of team play. 

(b) Pedagogy, Professor Berry, 6 points or V 2 unit. One hour per 
week. Review of rules and scoring, discussion of base running, position 
play and of the modern team game. 

(3) Juniors. 

(a) Practice, Professor Johnson, 24 points or 2 x /z units. Three hours 
per week. Offensive and defensive team work. Further development of 
team work with special practice of fundamental offensive and defensive 
plays. 

(b) Pedagogy, Professor Berry. Further discussion of offensive and 
defensive team play, discussion of batting strategy, the training and coach- 
ing of teams and of organized baseball. 

(4) Seniors, Professor Berry. Seniors electing baseball will take the 
theory with the varsity squad. Men not candidates for varsity squad will 
be grouped into class teams according to their ability, practicing at the 
regular class period. 

(5) Varsity team, Professor Berry, coach and faculty adviser, Professor 
Johnson, assistant coach. 

One hour, four days per week. Theory and practice of the modern 
team game. Indoor practice as time permits, beginning in February. 
Preparation for regular schedule of the first and second teams. 

Tennis 

Professor Cheney. 

Tennis has not as yet been organized as regular class work, except for 
the Senior secretarial men, but much interest is taken by the students in 
this sport. At least one annual tournament continuing for two weeks 
or more is conducted. The construction of ten additional courts furnishes 
adequate facilities for the development of this sport. 



93 



The College tennis team meets frequently with representative teams 
from clubs and colleges of the city and vicinity; 10 points or 1 unit. 

Playground Practice Course 
Freshmen, Professor Otto, six weeks, one day per week. 

(1) Younger Children, ages 6 to o. 

Cat and Rat, Drop the Handkerchief, Hill Dill, Fox and Geese, Maze 
Tag, Partners' Tag, Flowers and the Wind, Wood Tag, Bird Catcher, 
Queen Dido Is Dead, Still Pond, Milking Pails, As We Go Round the 
Mulberry Bush, Draw a Bucket of Water, Threading the Needle, London 
Bridge, Soldier Boy, Rabbits' Nest, Good Day, The Beater Goes Around. 

(2) Older Children, ages io to 12. 

Prisoner's Base, Duck on the Rock, Relay (using objects), Dodge Ball 
(speed), Progressive Dodge Ball, Front Duty, Roly-Poly, Tip Cat (sides), 
Baste the Bear, Third Tag and Run, Poison, Over and Back, Day Ball, 
Number Ball, Head and Tail Tag, Snatch the Stick, Pom Pom Pull Away. 

(3) Boys, ages 13 and over. 

German Ball, Playground Ball, Long Base, Captain Ball, N. Y. Captain 
Ball, Kick Ball, End Ball, Corner Ball, Newcombe, Indoor Soccer, Goal 
Ball, Volley Ball, Post Ball. 

Canoeing 

(1) Freshmen, Professor Affleck, six weeks, one day per week. 

(a) Practice, 6 points or Yz unit. For this purpose the students are 
divided into groups and under supervision paddle on the lake in varying 
weather conditions. Special attention is given to bow and stern paddling, 
racing, single, double and four paddle, tilting and other sports, loading, 
launching, carrying, righting and reentering from water, etc. 

(b) Pedagogy. Consideration is here given to canoes and boats — mate- 
rials, shapes, sizes, advantages and disadvantages of each, handling, launch- 
ing, landing, carrying, loading, care and repair, etc. Paddles — materials, 
shapes, sizes, uses, etc. 

For the storage of canoes, boats, etc., belonging to private parties or 
classes an annual charge of $2.50 is made. 

Camping 

(1) Freshmen, Professor Affleck, six weeks, one day per week. 

(a) Practice, 6 points or l / 2 unit. The groups detailed for canoe prac- 
tice land at Gerrish Grove and there practice under supervision the various 
phases of camping, including selection of sites, pitching and striking tents, 
building and extinguishing fires, preparation of meals, participating in 
camp games and sports, nature study and woodcraft. 



94 

(b) Pedagogy. Studies are conducted in organization and conduct of 
camps, including sites, equipment, daily programs of activity, individual 
outfits, side trips, nature study, cooking and serving meals, camp rules 
and regulations, camp "wrinkles," stories, etc. 



72. Indoor Work— Fall, Winter, Spring Terms 

Graduates of accredited colleges take during their Junior year five days 
per week with the Sophomore class. During their Senior year they take 
two days per week with the Senior class and three days per week with the 
Juniors. They are required to pass all tests. Varsity men in soccer and 
Rugby may be excused from fall gymnastics provided their grades war- 
rant it. 

Marching 

(1) Freshmen, Professor Otto, nineteen weeks, five days per week. 

(a) Practice, 12 points or 1 unit. Instruction is given in plain march- 
ing, special attention being paid to the best formations for handling large 
classes. Accuracy of movement, prompt response and good posture are 
emphasized ; maze running also receives attention. 

(b) Pedagogy, 5 points or ]/ 2 unit. This includes the material covered 
in the "Manual of Marching" by Cornell & Berry. 

(2) Sophomores, Professor Brock. 

(a) Practice, 12 points or 1 unit. Review of elementary marching and 
the practice of fancy marching. Practice is given in leading. 

(b) Pedagogy, 5 points or y 2 unit. A comparative study of the differ- 
ent books on tactics will be made, e.g., "United States Drill Regulations," 
Cornell & Berry, Arnold, Betz, Anderson, Crampton, Schrader. 

(3) Juniors, Professor Judd. 

(a) Practice, 12 points or 1 unit. A minimum of time will be devoted 
to marching. Students are assigned for leading each day. 

(b) Pedagogy, 5 points or y 2 unit. This will include discussions of 
the mistakes in commands and the pedagogy of command work in general. 

(4) Seniors, Professor Judd, Dr. McCurdy. Students will be required 
to give definite lessons in marching as part of a day's lesson for classes in 
the Y. M. C. A., school and college. 

Calisthenics 

(1) Freshmen, Professor Otto, nineteen weeks, five days per week. 

(a) Practice, 24 points or 2y 2 units. Instruction is given both by 
imitation and by command. Emphasis is laid on hygienic work which 
permits large classes to be handled effectively. Roberts' "Home Dumb 
Bell Drill" and McCurdy's "Dumb Bell Drill" are taught as samples of 
hygienic work. 



95 



Typical lessons for corrective, rhythmical and response work are given. 

(b) Pedagogy, 15 points or \]/ 2 units. The "Calisthenic Nomencla- 
ture" by McCurdy, is used as the basis for theory work in nomenclature. 
The importance of correct posture is emphasized. The students will 
examine types of exercises used for boys in the Young Men's Christian 
Associations, boys' clubs and in the public schools. These types will be 
studied by personal observation in Springfield and an examination of the 
literature of such observation in Springfield, Cleveland, New York, St. 
Louis, etc. Three typical hygienic lessons for boys and three of the com- 
mand type will be required as a part of the examination. 

(2) Sophomores, Professor Brock, nineteen weeks, five days per week. 

(a) Practice, 24 points or 2 J / 2 units. The class is divided into groups 
for practice teaching, using both the imitation and command methods. 
Instruction is given in the wand drills by Gulick and by McCurdy and 
additional work with the steel wands and with bar bells. Class exercises 
with Indian clubs are given. 

(b) Pedagogy, 15 points or \ x / 2 units. The class will review rapidly 
the work covered in the Freshman year in the "Calisthenic Nomenclature" 
by McCurdy. They will study carefully the official nomenclature of the 
Young Men's Christian Association for all forms of calisthenics. Dr. 
Arnold's nomenclature will be studied. Students will study the work for 
boys of high school age in the Young Men's Christian Association and 
in the public and private secondary schools. This will include observation 
work and a study of the literature. Six typical lessons for adolescent boys 
will be required as part of the examination. 

(3) Juniors, Professor Judd, nineteen weeks, three days per week. 

(a) Practice, 20 points or 2 units. The work includes practice teach- 
ing in the class and assigned teaching outside the class. Instruction is 
given in Indian clubs and single sticks. 

(b) Pedagogy, 15 points or \ l / 2 units. This will include a study of the 
nomenclature with practical demonstrations by the class. The construction 
of series of exercises for different groups of individuals will receive atten- 
tion. The class will study the exercises for men of college age and of 
adult life such as are found in the young men's and business men's classes 
of the Young Men's Christian Association and in college classes for stu- 
dents and faculty. This study will include personal observation and a 
study of the literature. 

Text-books : "Official Nomenclature of the Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation" ; "Calisthenic Nomenclature," McCurdy ; and reference literature. 

(4) Seniors, Professor Judd, Dr. McCurdy, twenty-seven weeks, two 
days per week. 

(a) Practice, 20 points or 2 units. 

(b) Pedagogy, 15 points or \]/ 2 units. 

The order of development of the exercises for the individual lesson is 
studied from its physiological and pedagogical aspects. From the abun- 
dance of material the teacher must be trained to select those exercises 



96 



which are scientifically correct and in addition those which have intrinsic 
interest in themselves. 

The lectures and recitations in calisthenic pedagogy will discuss the 
common faults in teachers and the essentials of good teaching. 

The men will review rapidly the work for elementary, secondary and 
adult pupils and assignments will be made for additional study of the group 
on the basis of the interest of the student. 

Six typical lessons for business men, for professional men and for college 
students will be required. 

Dancing 

(1) Freshmen, Professor Otto, nineteen weeks, five days per week. 

(a) Practice, 12 points or 1 unit. Instruction is given in elementary 
gymnastic dancing. This includes the elementary steps by McCurdy in 
Cornell & Berry's Manual and the general steps covered in "Gymnastic 
Dancing" by Davison. Some of the dances used are Carrousel, I See You, 
Shoemakers' Dance, Children's Polka, German Clap Dance, Danish Dance 
of Greeting, Ace of Diamonds, Washing Song, English Harvesters' Dance, 
Norwegian Mountain March, Irish Jig, Irish Lilt and Barn Dance. In- 
struction is given in simple dances adapted for elementary work and folk 
dancing for playground use. 

(b) Pedagogy, 5 points or ]/ 2 unit. A discussion of the types of music 
most useful in gymnastic dancing. 

(2) Sophomores, Professor Brock. 

(a) Practice, 12 points or 1 unit. Instruction is given in gymnastic 
and athletic dancing and in more advanced folk dancing. The chief dances 
used are Sailors' Hornpipe, Hebbert's Schottische, Hebbert's Polka, Zig 
Zag Four Step, Reap the Flax, The Oxen Dance, The Csardas Dance. 

(b) Pedagogy, 5 points or l / 2 unit. The class will discuss the funda- 
mental dancing positions according to Zorn, Chalif and Perrin and the 
development of gymnastic dances for class use. Collections of dances 
will be discussed, e.g., those by Crampton, Burchenal, Rath, Chalif and 
Davison. 

(3) Juniors, Professor Judd, Miss Evans. 

(a) Practice, 12 points or 1 unit. The class will learn some new dances. 
The following list indicates the character of the dances given: Jumping 
Jacks, May Pole Dance, Morris Dances, English Country Dances, High- 
land Fling, Dixie Rubes and Russian Dances. 

(b) Pedagogy, 5 points or y 2 unit. The place of gymnastic dancing in 
the curriculum will be considered. The feminine and masculine types of 
grace will be studied in their relation to types of dancing. 

(4) Seniors, Professor Judd, Miss Evans. Dance building will be studied. 
Observation work in Associations, schools and recreation centers will be 
required. 

Text-books: 'Text Books of Dancing," Chalif; "^Esthetic Dancing," 
Rath 



97 

Heavy Apparatus 

(1) Freshmen, Professor Otto, nineteen weeks, five days per week. 

(a) Practice, 24 points or 2Yz units. Hygienic or organic work re- 
ceives large emphasis. Exercises allowing rapidity of approach, momen- 
tary support and quick retreat are used. A large number of exercises of 
moderate endeavor rather than a few of maximum effort are taught. The 
bounce board is used with the mat exercises, the horse, buck and parallel 
bars to facilitate rapid approach. The course covers a large variety of 
elementary movements. The essential fundamental movements of interme- 
diate difficulty are taught, including on the parallels from upper arm hang 
the upstarts, uprises and rolls, from stand at the end of bars, combinations 
of single and double circles with seats: on the side horse the circles (a) 
from floor to rest, (b) from floor to floor, (c) from rest to floor, (d) 
from rest to rest ; on the long horse the back, flank and straddle vaults and 
mounts ; on the low horizontal bar the back circles, knee circles and up- 
starts ; on the high horizontal bar the knee upstart, knee circles, upstart. 
These intermediate exercises receive a minimum of time. The object is to 
give men who have had little gymnastic experience instruction which will 
enable them to work up outside of class the fundamentals of intermediate 
apparatus exercises. 

The chief purpose of the Freshman year is to teach a large variety 
of the rapid mass work which is adapted to the average class which the 
men will have to teach. 

(b) Pedagogy, 15 points or \y 2 units. The class will discuss the 
Young Men's Christian Association's Official Nomenclature for the mat 
and apparatus exercises used. The colleges and secondary schools also 
use this nomenclature. 

(2) Sophomores, Professor Brock, nineteen weeks, five days per week, 
(a) Practice, 30 points or 3 units. Intermediate exercises on the heavy 

apparatus are taught. The type is such as is ordinarily taught to inter- 
mediate and advanced classes, including the leaders' group. The athletic side 
of gymnastics is fostered rather than the slow exercises of strength where 
the body is held in static positions, e.g., levers. 

Some of the minimum tests indicate the character of the work. 

Parallel Bars. Upstarts from upper arm hang, shoulder stands, forward 
rolls, single and double circles on end of bar, single leg circles in center 
of bar. 

Low Horizontal Bar. Short underswing upstart ; short back circles mat 
to mat, mat to rest, and rest to rest, each with straight back; single and 
double knee circles front and back, front rest, squat vault dismount. 

High Horizontal Bar. Upstart, short back circle from floor to front 
rest and from rest to rest. Knee upstarts outside and between hands, 
changes from front to back rest, knee circles forward and backward, hock 
dismount. 

Side Horse. Front vault with back and arms straight, high side vault, 



98 

single leg circles in both directions from front and back rest, side scissors 
in both directions, double back vault mount to cross riding seat. 

Long Horse. Mounts and vaults, back, front, squat and flank, rolls on 
croup and saddle. 

Mat Exercises. Throws and balances with one lying on mat, upstarts, 
head and hand springs. 

(b) Pedagogy, 15 points or \ l / 2 units. The class will complete the 
study of the Young Men's Christian Association's Official Nomenclature. 
They will examine the nomenclature of the Germans as illustrated by 
Stecher's "German-American Gymnastics," Puritz' "Code Book of Gym- 
nastics," and "Hints to Gymnasts," by Harvy. 

(3) Juniors, Professor Judd, nineteen weeks, three days per week. 

(a) Practice, 20 points or 2 units. Instruction is given in advanced 
exercises on the heavy apparatus and in tumbling, including brother acts. 
The character of the apparatus exercises is indicated by the following 
minimum requirements : 

Parallel Bars. Long and short under swing upstarts at the end of bars, 
back shoulder roll to shoulder stand (straight back), long or short under- 
swing upstart at end of bars to shoulder stand, double rear vaults at end 
and center of bars, upper arm hang upstart to shoulder stand and forward 
roll upstart. 

Low Horizontal Bar. Long underswing back upstart, long underswing 
back uprise, front rest drop back upstart, foot, heel or toe circles. 

High Horizontal Bar. Upstart with short back circles, back upstart, or 
back uprise, uprise with or without short back circle, long underswing to 
front rest (straight back). 

Side Horse. Feints with full leg circles to front rest, feint double back 
vault dismount, double back vault right or left, hand spring forward, leg 
circles from seat astride right or left hand. 

Long Horse. Back vault hands in saddle, squat vault hands on saddle 
or neck, back scissors vault, head stand in saddle from run, head spring 
from neck. 

Tumbling. Head springs, hand springs, mounts, hand balances and 
somersaults, including the pitches and throws by a helper. 

(b) Pedagogy, 15 points or \y 2 units. Methods of teaching apparatus 
exercises and catching men in the difficult movements are thoroughly dis- 
cussed. 

Seniors, Dr. McCurdy, Professor Judd, twenty-seven weeks, two days 
per week. 

(a) Practice, 20 points or 2 units. Electives will be allowed. 

(b) Pedagogy, 15 points or \y 2 units. The principles of progression 
are thoroughly discussed. 

Varsity gymnastic team. Professor Judd, faculty adviser. 

The gymnastic team gives exhibitions during the winter season in the 
Young Men's Christian Associations, schools and colleges. The team this 
year has been one of the best in the history of the College. 



99 

Indoor Games 

(1) Freshmen, Professor Otto. 

(a) Practice, 8 points or 1 unit. The class will receive instruction in 
the mass games adapted to large groups. The following were taught 
during 1916-1917: General Games: Spud, dodge ball, kick ball, volley ball, 
whip tag, three deep, bull in the ring, leapfrog games, squat tag, hand tag, 
circle tag ball, indoor baseball, playground baseball, fist ball, captain ball, 
nine count ball, horse and rider, indoor hockey, cross tag, catch and pull, 
cat and rat, chariot race. Racing Games: Three Indian club race, Indian 
club circle race, obstacle races, hopping race, basket ball relay, short relay, 
pushing balls on the floor, other relay races of various sorts, scrimmage 
ball, schlag ball, battle ball. Students will be taught to play basket ball. 

(b) Pedagogy, 5 points or y 2 unit. The rules of mass games will be 
studied, using as a basis Chesley's book of "Indoor and Outdoor Gymnastic 
Games," Part I, "The Y. M. C. A. Army and Navy Athletic Handbook" and 
Bancroft's "Games." The basket ball rules for the current season will be 
studied from the standpoint of playing and officiating. 

(2) Sophomores, Professor Brock. 

(a) Practice, 8 points or 1 unit. The class will practice the games 
adapted for smaller classes as illustrated by the material in Part II of 
Chesley's "Indoor and Outdoor Games." They will review the best mass 
games. Instruction will be given in basket ball, indoor baseball, volley 
ball, indoor hockey, indoor soccer, scrimmage ball, hang ball, handball, team 
relays and bowling. 

(b) Pedagogy, 5 points or y 2 unit. The rules for the games used in 
Chesley's book, Part II, will be studied. In basket ball coaching and 
officiating will be emphasized. Instruction will be given in bowling and in 
the rules of indoor baseball, handball and volley ball. 

(3) Juniors, Professor Judd. 

(a) Practice, 8 points or 1 unit. Volley ball, handball, schlag ball, 
basket ball, indoor hockey, three deep, dodge ball, *Indian club race, stride 
ball, catch and pull, captain ball, corner ball, spud, boat race, *wand relay 
race, mount ball, *medicine ball tag, *obstacle relay race, heads and tails, 
swat tag, *mat push, indoor soccer and battle ball are played. 

(b) Pedagogy, 5 points or l / 2 unit. This will consist of a discussion 
of the relative values of the various types of games covered during the 
four years. 

(4) Seniors, Professor Judd, Dr. McCurdy. The development of indoor 
team games. 

Group Contests (Intraclass) 
(1) Freshmen, Professor Otto. 

(a) Practice. The class is divided into groups and weekly competitions 
are held in the following events: 20-50-75-100-220-yard dashes; 440-880- 



* Games not played in Freshman or Junior years or given in playground course. 



100 

yard runs; standing high jump, standing broad jump, three standing broad 
jumps, standing hop, step and jump, running high jump, 12-lb. shot put, 
pole vault, spring board jump for height, fence vault, rope climb, bar snap 
for height, potato race, relay race, hexathlon, chinning the bar, goal 
throwing, baseball throw for accuracy, running high kick, hitch and kick, 
obstacle race, basket ball, dodge ball, indoor baseball and volley ball. 

(b) Pedagogy. The class will discuss the pedagogy of mass group 
contests and the rules governing those used. 

(2) Sophomores, Professor Brock. 

(a) Practice. The class is divided into groups which compete against 
each other throughout the year in an athletic and game contest. The events 
include the following: 20-yard dash, fence vault, snap for height on bar 
or rings, standing high jump, potato race (8), basket ball, volley ball, 
indoor baseball, running high jump, shot put, spring board jump, all-round 
indoor test, intermediate grade. 

(b) Pedagogy. The class will discuss the rules and methods of scoring 
of the events used and the organization and management of intraclass 
contests. 

Group Contests (Interclass) 

Interclass contests are arranged in Rugby football, soccer, basket ball, 
ice hockey, baseball, tennis, indoor and outdoor athletics and the hexath- 
lon. These matches are used not merely to determine class championships, 
but to train the men in correct methods of conducting meets. 

The Seniors do not compete in these meets, but serve as officials. 

Group Contests (Intercollegiate) 

These contests include games with the leading educational institutions 
of the East — Yale, Harvard, Princeton, Columbia, West Point, Amherst, 
Massachusetts State College, Wesleyan, Trinity, Tufts, and with many of 
the neighboring Young Men's Christian Associations — New York, Brooklyn, 
Albany, Schenectady, Pittsfield, Dalton, North Adams, Providence, New 
Bedford, Norwich, etc. The games in the various schedules are kept down 
to a minimum number. The contests are arranged chiefly on the College 
holidays to eliminate conflict with the theory course. 

Regulations for Uniform for Indoor Work 

(1) Sleeveless jersey, worsted, navy blue, neck and arm openings of 
approved size. On the breast, with its base five inches from the neck open- 
ing, an equilateral triangle, five inches on each side, of felt one inch wide. 

(2) Trousers, navy blue with three-quarter inch white braid stripe on 
outside seams ; foot loops of elastic. 

(3) Belt, one and one-quarter inch black leather with nickel buckle. 

(4) Shoes, black leather. 

(5) White coat sweater. 



101 

No numerals, emblems or other ornaments, except the College team 
emblems, are to be worn on the sweater. The sweater is not required, but 
the only kind allowed is as described. 

All materials, styles, etc., must be submitted to the costume committee, 
Professor Affleck, chairman, for approval before being worn on the gymna- 
sium floor. 

Swimming and Diving 

Group assignments are made from each class for instruction in swim- 
ming. 

(1) Freshmen, Professor Affleck. 

(a) Practice, 12 points or 1 unit. Individual instruction is given in 
practicing the various strokes so as to secure confidence and reasonably 
correct form in the breast, side and back strokes, in diving, plunging, 
treading water, floating, etc. 

Minimum Tests. 

Diving for form, shallow, deep, back. 

Swim 100 yards using (a) breast stroke, (b) side stroke, (c) any other 
stroke. 

Swim 20 yards on back. 

Plunge for distance 24 feet. 

Float or tread water for one minute. 

(b) Pedagogy, 6 points or Yz unit. During the season classroom sessions 
are held considering the general underlying principles, including buoyancy, 
floating, details in the various strokes, method of breathing, coordination of 
strokes and breathing, timing of strokes, standing and running dives, plung- 
ing, etc. 

(2) Sophomores, Professor Affleck. 

(a) Practice, 12 points or 1 unit. The practice follows the same 
general lines, including water polo, according to English rules, water basket 
ball, the recovery of objects from the bottom, methods of transporting 
unconscious person in water and of resuscitation. 

Minimum Tests. 

Dive for form using any three other than those in the Freshman test. 
Swim 160 yards using four different strokes for at least 40 yards each. 
Swim on back 40 yards using two strokes. 
Plunge for distance 30 feet. 

Support for one minute unconscious person of same weight as self ; 
transport unconscious man 30 feet. 

(b) Pedagogy, 6 points or y 2 unit. In addition to the theoretical work 
of the Freshman year consideration is given to the rules of water polo 
and methods of life-saving and resuscitation. 

(3) Juniors, Professor Affleck. 

(a) Practice, 12 points or 1 unit. This consists of instruction and 
training in trudgeon and crawl strokes, under-water swimming, plunge for 



102 

distance, relay and speed swimming, fancy diving from springboard — back, 
side, deep, shallow, swan, jackknife, handstand, back and front somersault, 
etc. Games including tag, leapfrog, water polo, water baseball, etc. Life- 
saving — approach, holds, breaks, methods of transportation and resuscita- 
tion. 

Minimum Tests. 

Diving from spring board for form using at least six different dives. 

Swim 200 yards using at least four strokes for at least 50 yards each. 

Swim on back 40 yards using for 20 yards (a) legs only, (b) arms only. 

Three methods of release and rescue ; tow or transport unconscious person 
of same weight as self 50 feet, resuscitation. 

(b) Pedagogy, 6 points or y 2 unit. Emphasis is here placed upon the 
finer and more advanced features, methods of teaching, history of swim- 
ming, rules and events of competition, records of performance, etc. 

(4) Seniors, Professor Affleck. 

(a) Practice, 12 points or 1 unit. Specialization is allowed in events 
which students elect. 

(b) Pedagogy, 6 points or J / 2 unit. Assigned coaching and officiating 
is required. 

Athletic and Defensive Credits 

Three athletic or defensive credits are required of each student before 
graduation. The student may elect to secure all of these credits in one 
activity. Each course in boxing, wrestling or fencing will give one credit. 
Membership on any varsity, school or second team through the playing 
season will give one credit. 

Defensive Exercises 

(1) Boxing, Mr. Goddard, 20 points or 2 units. 

Individual instruction is given. Men who elect this course are expected 
to pass satisfactory examinations in the theory and practice of self-defense. 
Fee, $5.00. 

(2) Fencing, Professor Berry, 20 points or 2 units. 

Fencing is the most popular of the group of defensive exercises. Elec- 
tives are offered in the subject. Preference is given to upper classes when 
men are on the waiting list, Men are expected to pass as performers 
and teachers. Fee, $5.00. 

Varsity Team. A team is developed to compete against other colleges 
and Y. M. C. A. teams. 

(3) Wrestling, Mr. Montague, 20 points or 2 units. 

Wrestling is taught with the idea of giving men a thorough knowledge 
of the various "holds." They are also examined on their ability to teach 
wrestling. Fee, $5.00. 



103 



Preparatory Course 

Conditioned students will be coached in the following branches. These 
courses aim to review the usual work given in a high grade high school 
in the subjects taught. Personal coaching is given to individual students. 

1. English 

Mr. Conklin, three terms, five hours per week. The object of this course 
is to familiarize the student with the use of English. Much attention is 
given to personal instruction. The study of rhetoric and composition covers 
that given in a high school or academy. 

2. General History 

Professor Hyde, three terms, five hours per week. 

Text-books : "Outlines of European History," Vol. I, "Robinson and 
Breasted." Vol. II, "Robinson and Beard." 

3. Mathematics 

Mr. Crawford, three terms, five hours per week. The first part of 
this course is devoted to a review of advanced arithmetic. Algebra is then 
studied as far as quadratics and the last term is devoted to mastering the 
five books of plane geometry. 

The text-books used are : "Grammar School Arithmetic," G. A. Went- 
worth, revised edition; "Elements of Algebra" and "Plane Geometry," re- 
vised edition, by same author. 

4. Physics 

Mr. Custer, fall and winter terms, seventeen weeks, five hours per week. 
This work is conducted on the laboratory method and is devoted to a study 
of general physics. It seeks to prepare for the understanding of and research 
in subsequent studies in bodily mechanics and physiology of exercise. 

The text-book used is Milliken and Gale's "A First Course in Physics." 

Laboratory fee, $3.00. 

5. Chemistry 

Professor Wade, winter and spring terms, eighteen weeks, five hours per 
week. Recitations and laboratory work in general chemistry, preparing for 
the college course of Sophomore year. 

Text-book : Brownlee and others, "First Principles of Chemistry." 

Laboratory fee, $3.00. 



104 



6. Bookkeeping 

Eight weeks. For students who have not an acquaintance with general 
bookkeeping, a course of study will be offered. This course will familiarize 
the men with the ordinary principles of keeping accounts and is prepara- 
tory to the advanced course described on page 54. 

7. Gymnastics and Athletics 

Students in this course will be given gymnastic and athletic exercise, 
two periods daily, under competent instruction. 



105 



Summer School 

The Summer School is designed to give credit courses for students who 
wish to enter or who are serving in the callings for which the College 
is established to promote. Courses are offered in physical education, in 
work for boys and in scouting. Practically all work offered is of credit 
caliber, consists of double periods and gives credit for one term's work in the 
regular course. The course consists of five weeks, six days per week. All 
work given is elective, requirements for admission the same as for the 
regular College course and tuition fee according to the courses taken. In 
general the Summer School is planned to furnish courses in theory and 
practice for the following groups : 

(1) Y. M. C. A. Leaders and Physical Directors. Members of this 
group choose theory courses as they desire and either first or second year 
general hygienic gymnastics. They may also elect courses in the School of 
Coaching, Scouting or Boys Work. 

(2) Public School Physical Directors. Members of this group choose 
either first or second year work in public school gymnastics, take the course 
in public school administration or work in the School of Coaching as desired 
and then choose desired courses in general theory, School of Coaching, Scout- 
ing or Boys Work. 

(3) The School of Coaching. Practical courses in theory and practice 
of coaching the major sports, designed to aid coaches who wish more train- 
ing and to assist teachers in high schools and academies who also coach some 
sport. 

(4) The School of Scouting. Courses in scout craft, scout organi- 
zation and administration, field science and camp craft for scout masters and 
scout executives. 

(5) The School of Boys Work. Courses in the general principles and in 
the technical methods of boys work in the Y. M. C. A., boy scouts, boys' 
clubs and church groups for leaders of these representative organizations. 

(6) Regular Course Students. Courses will be offered for regular course 
students desiring to make up back work or who wish by attendance upon 
three summer school sessions to shorten the regular course by a year. 

(7) Springfield Alumni Working for Degrees. Courses will be offered 
for graduates who are non-degree men which will give definite credit towards 
the Bachelor's degree in Physical Education. Candidates for this degree 
should confer before May 1st by letter with the Degree Committee, Professor 
H. M. Burr, chairman, and get a statement of the requirements to be met. 
Candidates for the Master's degree of Physical Education may, by vote of 
the faculty, satisfy the requirement of the year of residence by attendance 
upon three summer school sessions and satisfactorily carrying full work 
therein. The thesis requirements may be worked up outside. Men consider- 
ing such a plan should confer by letter with Dr. J. H. McCurdy. 



General Information 



1. Admission 

The College has a high standard for admission which is a test of per- 
sonality as well as intellectual ability. The College is open only to Christian 
young men, over eighteen years of age, who have already shown ability in 
the direction of the work for which they wish to prepare. Each applicant 
must be a member in good standing of an evangelical church, and if admitted 
is expected to unite and work with some church of his choice in this city 
within the first term after his admission. He should also be a man of 
leadership and physical vigor. 

2. Degrees 

Candidates for the bachelor's degree must present a certificate of gradua- 
tion from a four years' course of an approved high school or academy. It 
is desirable that candidates for the physical course should elect in high school 
courses in English, French, German, mathematics, physics, chemistry and 
history. 

Candidates without high school certificates may be admitted under the 
following conditions : 

(1) They must present a certified list of subjects covered, with the 
grade in each; also the number of recitation periods in each subject. 

(2) One recitation period is to count one point. 

(3) The total number of points required is 2,880, after the plan of the 
Board of Regents of the University of the State of New York. 

(For a suggested outline of courses, see "Secondary Education, Bulletin 
658, Syllabus for Secondary Schools," published by the New York State 
Educational Department, Albany, N. Y. Price 25 cents.) 

(4) Candidates must pass examinations in English, mathematics and 
science 600 points, and in history 400 points. 

(5) The additional 1,880 points required are elective and will be accepted 
on certificate. 

3. Diplomas 

Candidates for diplomas in the three-year course in either the secretarial 
or the physical department may be admitted, provided they satisfy the 
president that they are qualified for the course which they wish to take. 

For entrance to the secretarial course, students must have the equivalent 
of a high school diploma in : 



107 

(1) English, covering grammar, rhetoric and English literature. 

(2) History, covering ancient, European, English and United States 
history. 

(3) Bookkeeping and commercial law. 

(4) They must also have the equivalent of 300 points additional of high 
school grade. 

For entrance to the physical course, students must have the equivalent of a 
high school diploma in : 

(1) English, covering grammar, rhetoric and English literature. 

(2) History, covering ancient, European, English and United States 
history. 

(3) Mathematics, covering arithmetic, algebra and plane geometry. 

(4) Physics. 

(5) Chemistry. 

Students who cannot present satisfactory certificates for work done else- 
where will be required to pass examinations before entrance. Arrangements 
have been made by the trustees to give instruction to students who may be 
deficient in English, history, physics, chemistry, mathematics and book- 
keeping. 

4. Requirements 

(1) College and technical school graduates may be given advanced 
standing if the president finds upon examination that they have satisfac- 
torily completed any subjects in the course for which they are registered. 

(2) All men enter the institution on probation. They are recognized 
as matriculated students only after they have satisfactorily completed one 
term's work. 

(3) All students upon entering must pass a physical examination. Can- 
didates for the physical course should do this before coming to Springfield. 

(4) Business experience is most desirable for men entering the secre- 
tarial course. 

(5) Admission should be applied for at least two weeks before the 
opening of the College year (Tuesday afternoon, at four o'clock, September 
13, 1921), and all students are expected to be present at the opening exercises. 

(6) If at any time a student shows lack of the prerequisities for success, 
he will be dismissed. 

(7) No one will be enrolled as a student unless he is taking two hours' 
recitation work daily. Persons desiring less work may be admitted as 
visitors, but cannot be rated as students. 

(8) No student who is in arrears to the College will be graduated. 

(9) Monday and Tuesday, September 12 and 13, will be devoted to 
registration. A student who enters with conditions or upon examination 
must make arrangements with the director of his department before the 
opening of College. 



108 



5. Estimate of Expenses for the College Year 

The following table is based upon the experience of the past five years : 



i auie Doara ^ vv ooas nan, »p0.ou per weeK ) , 


$247 


00 




$247 


00 


Furnished room with light and heat ($1.75 per week, 












38 weeks). A reduction of twenty-five cents 












per week if paid monthly in advance, 


OO 


oU 




66 


CO 


Tuition, 


150 


00 




150 


00 


Tuition for preparatory year, 


100 


00 




100 


oo) 


Locker and towel fee, 





00 




6 


00 


Boxing, fencing or wrestling, 


c 




nn 

uu 


to 


10 


on 
UU 


^Gymnastic and athletic suits, 




nn 
uu 


to 


sn 
ou 


nn 
UU 


Laundry, 


25 


00 


to 


50 


00 


Text and notebooks, 


25 


00 


to 


40 


00 


Laboratory fees and supplies 


10 


00 


to 


20 


00 


Class fee, 


i 
i 


nn 
uu 




i 
i 


nn 
uu 


Conventions, 


1 c 
10 


nn 
uu 


to 




nn 
uu 


"{"Membership in Student Association, 


20 


00 




20 


00 


Subscription to Association Men, 




50 






50 


Subscriptions to physical education magazines, 


3 


00 




3 


00 


Storage of canoe or boat, 


2 


50 




2 


50 






50 


to 


#1 


50 


Senior trip, 


50 


00 


to 


60 


00 


Junior trip, 


25 


00 




25 


00 


Diploma, 


5 


00 




5 


00 



Tuition is payable for the first half at the opening of College and the 
second half on the last Monday in January. An additional charge of $10.00 
will be made for tuition for each half year unless paid in advance. There 
will be no refund of tuition for students leaving six weeks or more after 
the beginning of the fall term or six weeks or more after the last Monday 
in January. The locker and towel fee and all laboratory fees are payable 
at the beginning of the year. 

Room rent is payable promptly on the first day of each month and 
rooms can be held only upon this condition. A reduction of one dollar 
per month is made to students who comply with this condition. No reduc- 
tion of rent will be made to a student who engages a room and fails to 
appear at the specified time, nor to one who vacates his room less than a 
month before the close of the College year. Rent stops only when the room 
is vacated and the key returned to the office. A deposit of fifty cents will 
be required for each key. 



* Students are advised not to purchase gymnastic or athletic suits before coming 
to the College, as the College has regulation colors and suits which all are expected 
to wear. 

"f Students are expected to take out a membership in the Student Association and 
support its work. This ticket will admit them to the privileges of the city Associa- 
tions. 



109 



Each student lodging in the dormitory will care for his own room, 
which must be kept scrupulously clean. He will be expected to provide 
sheets, pillow slips, towels and soap. Beds are all single ; pillows, 18 x 25 
inches. Rooms are liable to inspection. A student will be held responsible 
for any damage to College property affecting his room or any part of it. 

6. Eligibility for Classes and Promotion 

* Each student is expected to have at least three forty-five minute class- 
room exercises each day during five days of the week, also at least two 
hours' practice, according to the year and department, in gymnastics, athletics, 
laboratory work, practical work in the Young Men's Christian Association 
or other normal practice. 
There is no school on Saturday. 

Students are not eligible for classes until the tuition has been paid or 
properly arranged for at the financial office. In laboratory courses where 
a special fee is charged this must be paid before the student can be admitted 
to the course. 

Probation. 

A student may be placed on probation should there be doubt regarding 
his qualities for Christian leadership or moral character or when his work 
is unsatisfactory in general, whether in classroom, gymnasium, field or in 
normal practice. 

During this period of probation he shall not be excluded from repre- 
senting the College, if otherwise eligible, except by faculty vote. 

Absence from Classes. 

No excuse will be given for any absences. But to provide for College 
representation five absences during any term, or the equivalent of a week 
of attendance, will not affect the student's grade. Two tardy marks will 
count as one absence. One per cent will be subtracted from the term's 
average for each additional absence above these five. 

The first two and the last two days of each term are of so much importance 
that two per cent will be subtracted for each absence on these days. 

Special Examinations. 

An examination is termed "special" when it is given to pass a subject 
or raise a grade, following failure to make satisfactory standing for a 
term. Conditions in physical practice due to inefficiency or overcuts must 
be made up by the necessary extra attendance prior to the special examina- 
tion. For a "special" examination, a fee of $2.00 shall be paid in advance. 
Students who are in good standing and who have been kept out of classes 
by illness, injury or other unavoidable causes, may be allowed to make up 
lost work within two weeks following return to College without payment 
of a fee. Such examinations are not considered "special," as the student 
has not failed. 



110 

Promotions. 

A student who has any preparatory conditions may not be promoted into 
the Sophomore class, but shall be rated a Freshman during the whole of the 
first term or as much longer as the conditions continue. During this time 
he shall not enjoy Sophomore privileges or represent the class in any 
activity. 

A student who has any Freshman conditions may not be promoted into 
the Junior class but shall be rated a Sophomore during the whole of the 
first term or as much longer as the conditions continue. During this time 
he shall not enjoy Junior privileges or represent the class in any activity. 

A Senior may not be admitted to the winter or spring terms with any 
(theory) classroom conditions against him. 

A Senior shall not be eligible for graduation if he has any physical 
practice conditions against him on May 1. Examinations on unfinished 
work preceding May 1 will be given during the week following Commence- 
ment. 

If conditions do exist, the student shall not attend classes except by 
permission of the faculty till such conditions are removed. 

This standard has a definite bearing upon the question of degrees. 

Men habitually falling below eighty shall be regarded as ineligible for 
degrees regardless of final grades. 

All students are expected to be members in some Young Men's Christian 
Association in Springfield or vicinity. 

7. Eligibility to Represent the College 

(1) Professors shall report twice each term to the dean the names of 
students who are not passing in their work. The dates for such reports 
shall be previously decided upon by the faculty. 

A student who is not passing in three full subjects as indicated by card 
term reports, may not represent the College in any function or activity, 
occupy any important office in College organizations or engage in any 
normal work except by special vote of the faculty. 

(2) A student who has three or more conditions a term old shall not 
be eligible to represent his class or College in any function or activity. A 
condition is defined as incompleted work in any subject unit of any term. 

(3) The names of all ineligible students with date of ineligibility shall 
be posted to prevent misunderstanding and for the benefit of coaches. The 
frequent appearance of a name on this list or the continuation of such a 
condition may be considered a sufficient reason for suspension or failure 
to promote, graduate or grant degrees. 

(4) Only members of the student Association are eligible to represent 
the College. 

(5) No Freshman shall participate in varsity athletics or represent the 
College in any competition. This will not be interpreted to exclude Fresh- 
men from playing on Freshman teams or against similar organizations from 
other institutions. 



Ill 

8. Faculty Control 

Faculty Advisers. The chairman of the physical department committee 
of the student Association will confer with the director of the physical 
department regarding general matters of policy in all physical activities. 
The director appoints faculty advisers for each sport who will advise 
with the coaches, managers and captains regarding the schedules and man- 
agement of individual teams. Schedules become official only when they have 
been adopted by the faculty. 

Scholarship Regulations. Men with conditions in more than two sub- 
jects (the word subject to mean one term's work in any study) which 
are one term old shall not represent the College in any public exhibition. 
Special students may not represent the College unless they are carrying 
successfully fifteen hours of work per week. Men who are rated by the 
faculty as special students are not eligible to act as captains or managers. 

Physical Condition. Teams are limited to men physically fit for the 
contest in which they wish to engage. Fitness is determined by the director 
after careful examination at the time of entrance. Additional examinations 
are made if any doubt exists as to physical fitness. 

Outside Competition. Individual students or teams shall not enter com- 
petition on other than regularly organized college teams without the consent 
of the director from September 15 to June 10. 

9. Student Control 

General Supervision. 

The physical department committee of the student Association has general 
supervision under the direction of the faculty of all varsity, College and 
class teams in competition. They may recommend to the faculty men 
competent as coaches for the various teams. If these men are outside the 
regular faculty, a deposit of an amount satisfactory to the faculty must be 
made with the College treasurer for the salary of the coaches. All salaries 
are paid by the College through its treasurer. 

Major and Minor Teams. The football, baseball, gymnastic and track 
teams are recognized as major teams. Soccer, hockey, basket ball, fencing, 
swimming, cross country, wrestling and tennis at present constitute the 
group of minor teams. 



Regulation Sweaters. 



Team 


Uniform 




Emblem 


Rugby football 


White "V" neck 


sweater 


Maroon 


S 


Baseball 


White "V" neck 


sweater 


Maroon 


S 


Gymnastic team 


White "V" neck 


sweater 


Maroon 


S 


Track 


White "V" neck 


sweater 


Maroon 


S 


Soccer 


White "V" neck 


sweater 


Maroon 


aSf 


Basket ball 


White "V" neck 


sweater 


Maroon 


bSb 


Hockey 


White "V" neck 


sweater 


Maroon 


hSt 


Fencing 


White "V" neck 


sweater 


Maroon 


fSt 



112 



Team 
Tennis 



White "V" neck sweater 
White "V" neck sweater 
White "V" neck sweater 
White "V" neck sweater 



Uniform 



Maroon tSt 
Maroon sSt 
Maroon wSt 
Maroon cSc 



Emblem 



Swimming 
Wrestling 



Cross country 



Team Emblems and Certificates. 

Team emblems and certificates are given by the student Association to 
those who make varsity. The varsity emblem consists of a six-inch block S, 
maroon in color. The minor teams have the same emblem with two-inch 
team letters on each side of the emblem. The second team emblem is a five- 
inch block S with the figure two inserted in it. The class numerals consist 
of three-inch block maroon numerals. 

Varsity emblems and certificates are given under the following condi- 
tions : 

Varsity Emblems. 

Each team, with the exception of the gymnastic team, must have four 
recognized colleges on its schedule. 

The gymnastic teams shall have a schedule of not less than eight exhibi- 
tions and the individual must take part in all exhibitions. 

Minor Emblems. 

The team must have a schedule of at least four games. 

The individual must take part in at least two full or four half games. 

Class Numerals. These are given to men who play in one full half on 
any championship class team or win a point in one of the interclass com- 
petitions. 



Many of the students earn a portion of the expenses of the course 
either during vacation or by securing work in the city. The institution 
cannot undertake to find work for students in advance of their coming, but 
by letters of introduction, information and in other ways renders much 
assistance to students with insufficient means. A small loan fund, how- 
ever, has enabled quite a number of students to complete their courses. 
The income from the Foss Fund of $1,000 is also available for this purpose. 
A number find opportunity for work in connection with the buildings. 
Students are given positions as assistant teachers in the preparatory depart- 
ment, in the gymnasium and on the athletic field. A number secure positions 
in neighboring Associations. Candidates for admission who have insufficient 
means are invited to correspond with the president. 



The College does not permit fraternities, brotherhoods or permanent social 
clubs. 



10. Self-Support 



11. Student Organizations 



113 

The Student Association 

The Student Association is the great factor in student life. It fosters 
and administers the religious activities of the student body. It controls 
and administers all varsity and class athletics, the College dining-hall, the 
student cooperative store, the employment bureau, the literary societies, 
College dramatics, the musical clubs and all College social activities. The 
official organ of the Student Association is the Springfield Student. 

Participation in all student activities is dependent upon membership in 
the Student Association. The annual fee of twenty dollars admits the mem- 
ber to all athletic contests, gymnastic exhibitions and entertainments without 
recurrence of further dues. This fee also includes subscription to the 
Springfield Student. 

All activities of the Student Association must be carried on in harmony 
with the ideals of the College and subject to the approval of the president. 
The annual budget and the appointment of permanent employees and coaches 
must be submitted to him for approval. When not needed for College pur- 
poses, it has been the practice of the institution to allow the Student Asso- 
ciation the use of Woods Hall and the athletic fields. The use of this 
property must be subject to the supervision of the College authorities. 

It is expected that every man will join the Association upon his arrival 
in Springfield. 

Senate 

In May, 1907, the students adopted resolutions creating a student senate 
consisting of four Seniors, three Juniors, two Freshmen and one Prepara- 
tory, elected by popular vote from members of the Student Association. 

Through the senate the student body is self-governing. It is responsible 
for the regulation of student conduct and customs. It is given the power 
to discipline and if necessary dismiss undesirable students. The actions of 
the senate must be carried on in harmony with the ideals of the College 
and subject to the approval of the president. Students who feel aggrieved 
have the right of appeal to the president. 

The senate has filled a great need in the student body and the experience 
of past years has shown the wisdom of having such an organization. 

Lee Literary Society 

This society, the oldest of its kind in the College, has accomplished 
much useful work. Since its inception it has striven to give thorough 
discipline in debate and in the proper conducting of the deliberative assem- 
blies. Through its regular weekly meetings its members are afforded an 
opportunity of acquiring that facility of speech and that clearness and 
force in the expression of thought and feeling which form such a valuable 
asset in after years. The Lee Society was named in honor of Henry S. 
Lee, one of the early benefactors of the College. This society has for critic 
Prof. H. M. Burr, whose kindly and sympathetic criticism contributes so 



114 

much to its success. An annual prize debate for gold and silver medals 
usually concludes the season. 

McKinley Literary Society 

The McKinley Literary Society this past year has been of great service 
to its members for training in parliamentary law, public speaking and 
debating. The critic of the society, Professor Wade, has been most help- 
ful in his work, benefiting the members by his criticisms and encouraging 
the work of the society. The student critic work, giving the members an 
opportunity themselves of criticising the program, has been a success. 
The past year, the sixteenth in the history of the society, has shown an 
increasing interest by the members. The programs have been well planned 
and faithfully carried out, covering a wide range of popular subjects. 
The social life of the society, with evenings on the lake, canoe trips, camp 
suppers and the annual banquet in Woods Hall, keeps the members alive to 
the possibilities in their later work. Members of incoming classes are always 
welcome to the society's meetings and all are invited to join. 

The International Lyceum 

The seventeenth year of the Lyceum's existence has been most successful. 
Owing to the growth of the College, it was deemed advisable to increase 
the limit of membership to thirty-five. 

The programs as in the past have been varied and of social and literary 
interest. The constitution has been revised and especial attention is being 
given to developing a knowledge of parliamentary practice, together with 
ease and fluency in speaking. 

The Lyceum extends to all new students a most cordial invitation to 
become one of the society in the study of literature and of the art of 
public speaking so essential to Association men. 

The Piiilomathean Literary Society 

The Philomathean Literary Society has now been in existence for twelve 
years and during this time its progress has been steadily advancing and 
the success of its teams in the inter society debating contest has been of 
the highest. 

The purpose of the society is to develop the art of public speaking, 
to become familiar with parliamentary procedure and to stimulate an interest 
among its members for conducting business in a systematic manner. It is 
also the aim of the society to foster a fraternal spirit among its members 
and to assist in developing their social nature. The membership in this 
society is limited to twenty-five, that there may be a larger opportunity for 
development along these lines. The society is fortunate in having Prof. 
R. L. Cheney as critic. His hearty cooperation, sympathy and helpful 
criticism have contributed much to the efficiency of the society. 



115 

The society meets each Monday evening at 7.15 during the College year. 
A cordial invitation is extended to all to attend any of its sessions and 
especially are all members of incoming classes invited to be present at its 
regular meetings. 

Weidensall Literary Society 

A voluntary organization of students for the study and discussion of 
rural life problems and literature and for personal development in char- 
acter and in facility and power in public debate. This new literary society, 
while not limited in membership to county work men, gives its attention 
nevertheless to rural life topics. The society meets each Monday evening 
throughout the year and combines in its program the functions of a social 
organization, a literary society and a seminar. This society is affiliated with 
the federation of Collegiate Country Life Clubs. 

The British Society 

This society, composed of men from all parts of the British Empire, 
was formed some years ago with a view to keeping all its members in a 
close fellowship with each other and also for the promotion of a spirit of 
comradeship with the men of America while they are in this country. 
Since the formation of the society many of its members have passed out 
to do Young Men's Christian Association work in all parts of the world. 
In Australia, France, Russia, India, South Africa, England, Canada, Hawaii 
and many other places are to be found men who were former members of 
the society. 

Various functions are held throughout the year, including the banquet to 
incoming men in the fall and a celebration in the country on May 24, 
Empire Day. 

College Musical Club 

The musical work of the College is described on page 43. The musical 
club, composed of glee, mandolin and guitar clubs and orchestra, is the 
organized means of expression for the musical talent in the College. With 
the rapid growth of the College a parallel standard of excellence is the 
goal of the club. The objectives are: To promote the interest in music 
within the College ; to prepare students for serving musically in the secu- 
lar and religious work in the Young Men's Christian Association and to 
provide opportunity for service in the religious life of Springfield and 
vicinity. Those with musical ability are always welcomed within its ranks. 
Members receive recognition for faithful work in the form of a suitable 
emblem and certificate. 

College Dramatic Club 

Dramatics find a prominent place in the College and the plays presented 
by the students are of a particularly high order. Any member of the student 
Association may try out for a place in the cast of the Commencement play 



116 



and any member of the Junior class for the Junior class play to be presented 
in March. The chairman of the Dramatic Club is appointed by the student 
Association and the committee is made up of the chairman and the four 
committee men. 

Entering students interested in dramatics should consult the chairman 
as soon as they arrive at the College. 

The Student Volunteer Band 

The Student Volunteer Band of the College works in cooperation with 
the missionary committee of the student Association in its endeavor to 
increase the interest of students in the foreign field. The aim is two- 
fold: (1) To interest and enlist students as active student volunteers, 
and (2) to increase the knowledge of the needs and opportunities of the 
foreign work in order that those men who are to carry on the work 
at home may still feel a sympathetic responsibility for the work in foreign 
lands. Not all can become workers in foreign lands, but a knowledge of 
the great world problems which other men are trying to solve will make 
better workers in a man's own field and make him an indirect foreign worker 
in many ways. 

Any new men who are interested in the problems of foreign missions 
are invited to get in touch with the chairman of the missionary com- 
mittee as soon as they arrive in Springfield. 

The Springfield Student 

The Springfield Student is the representative College paper, which was 
first issued in January, 1908, when it appeared in connection with The 
Association Seminar. In October, 1910, it became a separate publication. 
The purpose of the Springfield Student is to accurately represent the 
College in all its departments and to encourage the students in self- 
expression along literary lines. The paper is under the supervision of 
the student Association, but directly controlled by the editorial board, 
which consists of a staff partially elected and partially appointed. 



12. Contributions 

To maintain the work of the College on its present plane of efficiency, 
a yearly income of $167,000, aside from tuition fees and room rentals, is 
required. Inquiries concerning the finances will receive prompt attention 
if addressed to Laurence L. Doggett, President, and remittances may be 
made payable to Henry H. Bowman, Treasurer. 

The College has a partial endowment fund of $192,913, which has been 
contributed by friends of the institution during the past few years. 

This consists of the following funds : 



117 



Parmlee Memorial Fund $10,000 

Horace Smith Fund 45,000 

Horace Smith Loan Fund 5,400 

Russell Sturgis Memorial Fund 1,000 

R. R. McBurney Fund 3,000 

Henry S. Lee Fund 5,000 

F. M. Kirby Fund 5,000 

F. B. Pratt Fund 5,000 

Emerson Gaylord Memorial Fund 5,000 

Woods Hall Endowment Fund 4,600 

Mary R. Searle Library Fund 1,000 

Foss Student Loan Fund 1,000 

Frances Moody Memorial Fund 10,000 

Robert A. Harris Memorial Fund 1,000 

Edwin F. See Memorial Fund 2,500 

George W. Collord Student Loan Fund 1,500 

Theron H. Hawks Fund 500 

British Loan Fund 300 

Sherman D. Porter Fund 10,000 

Mary C. K. Preston Fund 1,600 

Edward P. Hitchcock Fund 5,000 

Edward W. Marsh Fund 29,000 

Colton Fund 3,000 

Zenas Crane Fund 5,000 

General Fund 43,513 



$192,913 

13. Bequest for Endowment 

I give and bequeath to the International Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation College, Springfield, Mass., the sum of 

to be safely invested by them and called the 

Fund, the interest of this fund to be applied to the use of the College. 

14. Perpetual Loan Fund 

For the purpose of founding a perpetual loan fund in the International 
Young Men's Christian Association College, Springfield, Mass. [or any of 

its departments, if so stated], I hereby give the sum of 

— or its equivalent in good securities at cash value — to be safely invested 
by them, the income to be loaned toward the education of students who 
have already shown ability in the work of the College. 



Students 1918-1919 



Graduate 



McRae, Duncan Albert 


P 


Edmonton, Alberta 


Senior Glass (1919) 


Banister, Albert Leslie 


P 


Bondsville, Mass. 


Brett, Krnest Kmil 


P 


Portland, Me. 


Cottrell, Elmer Bert 


P 


Springfield, Mass. 


Fung, Henry Kien-tung 


P 


Canton, China 


Habermann, Ray Edward 


P 


Florence, Wis. 


Hillebrandt, Herman H. N. 


P 


New York City 


Horton, Clifford Emory 


P 


Spokane, Wash. 


Hughes, Robert Payton 


P 


Brooklyn, N. Y. 


Hurlburt, Clifford Sherman 


P 


Bridgeport, Conn. 


Kerr, George Harry 


C 


Lynn, Mass. 


Lyon, Harry Speidel 


P 


Bridgeport, Conn. 


Maclntyre, Donald Roy 


P 


Manchester, N. H. 


Markley, Charles Arthur 


P 


Newark, N. J. 


Morgan, Dean Campbell 


P 


Hopkinton, la. 


Parker, Wallace C. 


P 


Springfield, Mass. 


Quinlan, Percy Hall 


P 


Needham Heights, Mass. 




Sixteen Seniors. 


Junior Class (1920) 


Atkinson, Ralph Cosby 


P 


Springfield, Mass. 


Brining, Theodore Raymond 


S 


Washington, D. C. 


Carling, Clarence Ludwick 


p 


Jamestown, N. Y. 


Carlson, Harry Gordon 


p 


Cleveland, 0. 


Clarke, Robert Carter 


p 


Morristown, N. J. 


Cooper, Robert Ulsh 


p 


Jersey Shore, Pa. 


Elbel, Edwin Robert 


p 


South Bend, Ind. 


Fisher, Edward Michael 


p 


Reading, Pa. 


Jeffrey, Arthur Guthrie 


s 


New York City 


Johnson, Milton Rudolph 


p 


Rochester, N. Y. 


Kalloch, Samuel Joseph 


p 


Holyoke, Mass. 


Leonard, Clinton Snow 


s 


East Taunton, Mass. 


Mansfield, Norman John 


p 


Springfield, Mass. 


Moench, Francis Jacob 


p 


Sag Harbor, N. Y. 


*Rodriguez, Julio Juan 


p 


Montevideo, Uruguay 


Schwenning, Gustav Theodore 


s 


Rochester, N. Y. 



119 



Sharp, Nelson Joseph P 

Spencer, Wesley Gaffield P 

Van Wagner, Floyd Marcellus P 

Weber, Frederick P 

Ybargoyen, Samuel P 

Ylanan, Regino Rodriguez P 



Hartford, Conn. 
Andover, Mass. 
Hyde Park, N. Y. 
Rochester, N. Y. 
Montevideo, Uruguay 
Cebu Cebu, P. I. 



Twenty-two Juniors. 



Sophon 

Arms, Harlan Sherman 
Barclay, George Davis 
Brown, Sidney Foster 
Edwards, Charles Harry 
Fahl, Rudolph 
Fink, Arnold Frederick 
Fulton, Howard Bosworth 
Hammond, Robert Lewis 
Haynes, William Henry 
Hobart, George Clarmore 
Hutchinson, Edmund James 
Jayne, Charles Van Wyck, Jr. 
Jones, Alfred William 
Koogle, Robert Huffman 
Ladd, Everett William 
Linden, Russell Walfred 
Livingstone, Alfred 
Mathewson, Fay Stewart 
McMichael, Harry Thomas 
Munson, Samuel Kenneth 
Niday, Everett Floyd 
Noren, Arthur Theodore 
O'Donnell, Edmund William 
Peters, Raymond William 
Piper, Willis Dexter 
Redshaw, Albert Chester 
Scott, Ross Clark, Jr. 
Twombly, Edwin Parker 
Williams, Elton Lorimer 
Wilson, John Russell 

Thii 



re Glass (1921) 

P Conway, Mass. 

P Manchester, N. H. 

P Westmount, Que. 

P Waterbury, Conn. 

P Middletown, Conn. 

P Schenectady, N. Y. 

S Colton, N. Y. 

P Derby, Conn. 

S Brookline, Mass. 

P Morton, N. Y. 

P Ithaca, N. Y. 

S North Adams, Mass. 

S North Attleboro, Mass. 

P Lebanon, O. 

P Willimantic, Conn. 

P Muskegon, Mich. 

P Paterson, N. J. 

P Providence, R. I. 

S Bellevue, O. 

S Napanoch, N. Y. 

P Corydon, la. 

P Bridgeport, Conn. 

P South Bend, Ind. 

P Pittsburgh, Pa. 

P Springfield, Mass. 

S New Brunswick, N. J. 

P Adams, N. Y. 

P Groveland, Mass. 

P Chelsea, Mass. 

P Reading, Pa. 

Sophomores. 



Freshman Glass (1922) 



Abbate, Dante Joseph P Torrington, Conn. 

Alden, Reginald John P Springfield, Mass. 

Bennett, Donald Graham P Worcester, Mass. 



Berry, Ernest Arthur 
Bradley, Adrian Conroe 
Bradley, Edward Russell 
Burgess, William Edwin 
Burns, Henry Leroy 
Chase, William Bartlett 
Chattin, Joseph Glidden 
Christian, Wayne 
Clegg, Arthur Andrew 
Cotton, Reginald Ernest 
Davis, Clarence William 
Delano, Chester Kenneth 
Denny, Giles Maurice 
Derose, Louis Carmelo 
Doggett, Clinton Locke 
Downs, Myron Herbert 
Eastwood, Floyd Reed 
Ellinwood, James Vincent 
*Fackiner, John Calvin 
Fitch, Cyril Edward 
Fletcher, Norman Willmont 
Ford, Judson 
Forsyth, Charles Wendell 
Foster, William Oliver 
Graves, Charles Weaver 
Grundy, Earle Benjamin 
Hall, Hiram Soloman 
Hallberg, Charles W. 
Hannigan, Thomas Francis 
Haughey, James Patrick 
Heck, Esbon Elton 
Hodges, George Connor 
Hoercher, Frank Raymond 
Hosley, David Grant 
Howland, Karl Zene 
Hurst, James Bowden 
Husbands, LeRoy Clinton 
Huston, Leon Leroy 
Jacobson, Jack Lorenzo 
Jones, Clement Edward 
Kane, Lee 

King, Victor Emmanuel 
Lee, Sawyer Grant 
Leonard, Albert Shepard 
Long, John Franklin 
Macomber, Roland Bryant 
Mansfield, Frederick William 



120 

S Newburgh, N. Y. 

P Greenwich, Conn. 

P Atlantic City, N. J. 

P Portland, Me. 

P West Haven, Conn. 

S New Bedford, Mass. 

P Mountainside, N. J. 

P Reading, Pa. 

P New York City 

P White Plains, N. Y. 

P Hartford, Conn. 

P Plymouth, Mass. 

P Mexico, N. Y. 

P Springfield, Mass. 

S Springfield, Mass. 

C South Jamesport, N. Y. 

P Rochester, N. Y. 

P Batavia, N. Y. 

P Summit, N. J. 

C Riverhead, N. Y. 

P Sufifield, Conn. 

P Ridgewood, N. J. 

P West Springfield, Mass. 

S Centerville, R. I. 

P New London, Conn. 

S Skowhegan, Me. 

P Cambridge, Mass. 

S New Britain, Conn. 

P Worcester, Mass. 

P Vineland, N. J. 

S Holyoke, Mass. 

P Springfield, Mass. 

P Rochester, N. Y. 

P North Adams, Mass. 

P Phillips, Me. 

P Norristown, Pa. 

P Elizabeth, N. J. 

P Lisbon Falls, Me. 

P Detroit, Mich. 

S Torrington, Conn. 

P Newburgh, N. Y. 

P Dover, N. H. 

S Rochester, N. Y. 

P Melrose, Mass. 

S Jeannette, Pa. 

P Wilton, Me. 

S New Haven, Conn. 



121 



Martin, Ivan James 
McCaskie, Kenneth Louis 
Merwin, John Demarest 
Moore, Edmund Halsey, Jr. 
♦Motoki, Ichiji 
Nash, Archibald Cecil 
Offer, Alfred Benjamin 
Osborne, William Terry 
Parker, Gerald Edgar 
Paul, Charles Albert 
Porter, John Bunyan 
Pucillo, John 
Quaas, Harry Loring 
Reid, Charles Frederick 
Richardson, Theodore 
Rizzolo, Attilio Mario 
Schaefer, Arthur Frederick 
Simms, Morris Allen 
Simon, Carl Frank 
Stack, Francis John 
Starr, John Howard 
Steinhilber, John William 
Stevens, Charles Everett 
Swartz, Melvin Myer 
Taraldsen, Earl Norman 
Thompson, Herbert Arthur 
Thurmond, Felix Crofton 
Traver, Ralph L. 
Twist, LoRee Beecher 
Ward, Edwin Henry 
Weaver, Chester Laurence 
Wells, Marcus Belden 
Whitney, Robert Earl 
Wright, Charles Clayton 



P Manchester, N. H. 

P East Orange, N. J. 

C Southold, N. Y. 

P East Orange, N. J. 

S Miyeken, Japan 

P Cambridge, Mass. 

S Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 

P Port Jefferson, N. Y. 

P Carthage, N. Y. 

P Rochester, N. Y. 

S Hampton, Va. 

P Newark, N. J. 

P Newark, N. J. 

P Rochester, N. Y. 

P Bar Harbor, Me. 

S Newark, N. J. 

P Cleveland, O. 

P Washington, D. C. 

P Manchester, N. H. 

P Binghamton, N. Y. 

P New London, Conn. 

P Carthage, N. Y. 

P Walden, N. Y. 

S East Syracuse, N. Y. 

P New Haven, Conn. 

P Rochester, N. Y. 

C Houston, Tex. 

P Rhinebeck, N. Y. 

S Morristown, N. J. 

P Norwood, Mass. 

S Washington, D. C. 

S White Plains, N. Y. 

P Mexico, N. Y. 

P West Haven, Conn. 

'-four Freshmen. 



Preparatory Glass (1923) 



Bennett, Raymond Alexander 
Bernert, George 
Bowman, Robert Roland 
Brown, Howard Elbert 
Farrar, Raymond D. 
Hodge, Homer Louis, Jr. 
Kimbell, Elias Atterbury 
Lakeman, Earl Loring 
Lundgren, John A. 



S Elsmere, Del. 

P Springfield, Mass. 

S Niagara Falls, N. Y. 

S Binghamton, N. Y. 

S Paterson, N. J. 

P Bridgeport, Conn. 

P New York City 

P Bridgeport, Conn. 

C Higganum, Conn. 





122 




Maynard, Floyd Miles 


S 


Millers Falls, Mass. 


Metcalf, Robert Kelly 


P 


Burford, Ont. 


Miller, Winfred Augustus 


s 


Mexico, N. Y. 


*Mueller, Charles, Jr. 


p 


Newark, N. J. 


Rasch, John 


X3 

r 


Middletown, Conn. 


Robbins, Francis Allen 


P 


Chelsea, Mass. 


Roberts, Clifford Earl 


P 


Rockland, Mass. 


Tikiob, Julius Edward 


s 


Stamford, Conn. 



Seventeen Preparatory. 



Summary 1918-1919 





Secretarial 


Physical 


County 


Graduate, 




1 




Seniors, 




15 


1 


Juniors, 


4 


18 




Sophomores, 


7 


23 




Freshmen, 


19 


61 


4 


Preparatory, 


7 


9 


1 




37 


127 


6 



Total, 170 



States Represented 



Connecticut, 25 New Hampshire, 5 

District of Columbia, 3 New York, 43 

Delaware, 1 Ohio, 4 

Idaho, 1 Pennsylvania, 7 

Iowa, 2 Rhode Island, 2 

Indiana, 2 Texas, 1 

Maine, 7 Washington, 1 

Massachusetts, 36 Wisconsin, 1 

Michigan, 2 Virginia, 1 

New Jersey, 18 



Countries Represented 

Canada, 3 Philippines, 1 

China, 1 Uruguay, 2 
Japan, 1 



S Secretarial, including Boys Work. 
P Physical Education. 
C County Work. 
* Partial Course. 



Students 1919-1920 



Graduate Course 



Brett, Ernest Emil 
Garniss, George Winslow 
Hillebrandt, Herman Henry 



P Exeter, N. H. 

P Yarmouthville, Me. 

P New York City 

Three Graduate. 



Senior Glass (1920) 



Brining, Theodore Raymond 


c 


Washington, D. C. 


Brown, Hubert Earle 


p 


Gloucester, Mass. 


Burns, Clifford Sheldon Fred 


c 


Springfield, Mass. 


Cammack, Robert Walter 


p 

Jr 


vv nittier, v^ani. 


Carling, Clarence Ludwick 


-p 


Jamestown, N. Y. 


Carlson, Harry Gordon 


Jr 


Cleveland, 0. 


Cate, Rex March 


TJ 

r 


Wakefield, Mass. 


*Clarke, Robert Carter 


TJ 

r 


Morristown, N. J. 


Coffin, Elmer Carleton 


TJ 

Jr 


Marblehead, Mass. 


Conner, Hugh Wesley 


TJ 

r 


JrienniKer, i\. Jri. 


Cooper, Robert Ulsh 


TJ 

Jr 


Jersey Shore, Pa. 


Corson, Earl Leroy 




Okeana, 0. 


Drew, Harold Delbert 


TJ 

Jr 


Patten, Me. 


Eggebrecht, Carl August, Jr. 


p 




Elbel, Edwin Robert 


P 


South Bend, Ind. 


Fisher, Edward Michael 


P 


Reading, Pa. 


Graham, Charles Luther 


P 


Dayton, 0. 


Hall, Richard Mant 


P 


Brooklyn, N. Y. 


Hewett, Charles Gregory 


B 


Rockland, Me. 


Hutchinson, Edmund James 


P 


Ithaca, N. Y. 


Jeffrey, Arthur Guthrie 


S 


New York City 


Johnson, Milton Rudolph 


P 


Rochester, N. Y. 


Jones, Vivian Maxwell 


P 


Birmingham, Ala. 


Judd, Leslie James 


P 


Adelaide, South Australia 


Kalloch, Samuel Joseph 


P 


Holyoke, Mass. 


LaPoint, Wilfred John 


c 


Greenfield, Mass. 


Lavik, Rudolf Halbert 


p 


Milnor, N. D. 


Leonard, Clinton Snow 


s 


East Taunton, Mass. 


Leonard, Thomas Hawthorne 


c 


Newport, R. I. 


*Lu, Sung En 


p 


Nanking, China 


Mansfield, Norman John 


p 


Springfield, Mass. 


Mattocks, David Daniel 


S 


Philadelphia, Pa. 


Mo, John 


p 


Shanghai, China 



124 



Moench, Francis Jacob 


P 


Sag Harbor, N. Y. 


Patrick, Herbert Laurence 


B 


Reading, Mass. 


Purvere, Lester Hosmer 


P 


East Providence, R. I. 


*Quinlan, Percy Hall 


P 


Needham Heights, Mass. 


Reid, James Cluhan 


S 


Sydney, N. S. 


Rodriguez, Julio Juan 


P 


Montevideo, Uruguay 


Rutherford, Andrew 


c 


Wheatland, Man. 


Samson, Paul Andrew 


S 


Revelstoke, B. C. 


Schwenning, Gustav Theodore 


S 


Rochester, N. Y. 


Smith, Robert Henry, Jr. 


B 


Brooklyn, N. Y. 


Spencer, Wesley Gaffield 


P 


Andover, Mass. 


Tandy, Burton Starr 


B 


Brooklyn, N. Y. 


Van Wagner, Floyd Marcellus 


P 


Hyde Park, N. Y. 


Weber, Frederick 


P 


Portland, Ore. 


Yeoman, Raymond Cecil 


S 


Woodstock, Ont. 


Ylanan, Regino Rodriguez 


P 


Cebu Cebu, P. I. 


Forty-nine 


Seniors. 


Junior Glass (1921) 


Arms, Harlan Sherman 


P 


Conway, Mass. 


Barclay, George Davis 


P 


Manchester, N. H. 


Begg, Roy Heron 


P 


Hamilton, Ont. 


Conklin, Robert Josiah 


S 


Montclair, N. J. 


Cowell, Charles Clarence 


p 


Akron, 0. 


Custer, Irvin Dallas 


p 


Portland, Ore. 


Dome, Arthur Edmond 


p 


New Albany, Ind. 


Edwards, Charles Harry 


p 


Waterbury, Conn. 


Elwell, Oscar Lucius 


c 


Bennington, Vt. 


Fahl, Rudolph 


p 


Middletown, Conn. 


Fulton, Howard Bosworth 


S 


Colton, N. Y. 


Hartshorn, Victor Hughes 


p 


Washington, D. C. 


Haynes, William Henry 


B 


Brookline, Mass. 


Hobart, George Clarmore 


P 


Morton, N. Y. 


Jones, Alfred William 


S 


North Attleboro, Mass. 


*Koogle, Robert Huffman 


p 


Lebanon, O. 


Ladd, Everett William 


p 


Willimantic, Conn. 


*Livingstone, Alfred 


p 


Pater son, N. J. 


Mathewson, Fay Stewart 


p 


Providence, R. I. 


McMichael, Harry Thomas 


B 


Bellevue, O. 


Montague, Kirk Godbey 


P 


Portland, Ore. 


Munson, Samuel Kenneth 


S 


Ellenville, N. Y. 


Noren, Arthur Theodore 


P 


Bridgeport, Conn. 


O'Donnell, Edmund William 


P 


South Bend, Ind. 


Peabody, Allen Stone 


P 


Haverhill, Mass. 


Peters, Raymond William 


P 


Pittsburgh, Pa. 


Piper, Willis Dexter 


P 


Springfield, Mass. 



125 



♦Rouse, Hallock 
Scott, Ross Clark, Jr. 
Suva, Geronimo 
Twombly, Edwin Parke 
♦Wang, Shih Ching 
♦Wang, Wen Lin 
Watson, Louis Lee, Jr. 
Williams, Elton Lorimer 
♦Wilson, John Russell 
Zeigler, Edwin Harold 



P Worcester, Mass. 

P Adams, N. Y. 

P Neuva Ecija, P. I. 

P Groveland, Mass. 

C Peking, China 

P Peking, China 

P Washington, D. C. 

P Chelsea, Mass. 

P Reading, Pa. 

P Elizabethville, Pa. 

Thirty-seven Juniors. 



Sophomore Class (1922) 



Abbate, Dante Joseph 


P 


Torrington, Conn. 


Alden, Reginald John 


P 


Springfield, Mass. 


♦Andrews, Harlan Francis 


P 


Weedsport, N. Y. 


Bedell, Harry Perlee 


P 


White Plains, N. Y. 


Bennett, Donald Graham 


P 


Worcester, Mass. 


♦Berry, Ernest Arthur 


B 


Newburgh, N. Y. 


Bradley, Adrian Conroe 


P 


Greenwich, Conn. 


Bradley, Edward Russell 


P 


Atlantic City, N. J. 


Brandt, Henry 


P 


Geneva, Switzerland 


Burgess, William Edwin 


P 


Portland, Me. 


Burns, Henry Leroy 


P 


West Haven, Conn. 


Chase, William Bartlett 


s 


New Bedford, Mass. 


Chattin, Joseph Glidden 


P 


Mountainside, N. J. 


Christian, Wayne 


P 


Reading, Pa. 


Clegg, Arthur Andrew 


P 


New York City 


Coyer, Hubert Edward 


P 


North Tonawanda, N. Y. 


Davis, Clarence William 


P 


Hartford, Conn. 


Davis, Frank Shepherd 


s 


Menlo, Calif. 


Delano, Chester Kenneth 


p 


Plymouth, Mass. 


Denny, Giles Maurice 


p 


Mexico, N. Y. 


Dickson, Henry Lawrence 


p 


Jamestown, N. Y. 


Downs, Myron Herbert 


c 


South Jamesport, N. Y. 


Eastwood, Floyd Reed 


p 


Rochester, N. Y. 


Ellinwood, James Vincent 


p 


Batavia, N. Y. 


♦Fenton, James Francis 


p 


Amherst, Mass. 


Fink, Arnold Frederick 


p 


Schenectady, N. Y. 


Fitch, Cyril Edward 


c 


Riverhead, N. Y. 


Ford, Judson 


p 


Ridgewood, N. J. 


Foster, William Oliver 


s 


Centerville, R. I. 


Graves, Charles Weaver 


p 


New London, Conn. 


Hall, Hiram Soloman 


p 


Cambridge, Mass. 


Haughey, James Patrick 


p 


Vineland, N. J. 


Heck, Esbon Elton 


s 


Holyoke, Mass. 



126 



Hodges, George Connor P 

Hoercher, Frank Raymond P 

Hosley, David Grant P 

Hurst, James Bowden P 

Husbands, LeRoy Clinton P 

Huston, Leon Leroy P 

Kane, Lee P 

♦Keegan, Thomas Michael P 

Kimball, Harold Lincoln C 

King, Victor Emmanuel P 

*Lee, Harold Thompson Innis P 

Leonard, Albert Shepard P 

Long, John Franklin S 

Macomber, Roland Bryant P 

♦Mansfield, Frederick William S 

Martin, Ivan James P 

McCarraher, John Dewey P 

McCaskie, Kenneth Louis P 

Merwin, John Demarest C 

Moore, Edmund Halsey, Jr. P 

Morrison, Daniel Kenneth C 

Offer, Alfred Benjamin B 

Osborne, William Terry P 

Parker, Gerald Edgar P 

Parker, Richard Wilbur S 

Paul, Charles Albert P 

Porter, John Bunyan S 

Pucillo, John P 

Quaas, Harry Loring P 

Redshaw, Albert Chester S 

*Reid, Charles Frederick P 

*Richardson, Theodore P 

Rizzolo, Attilio Mario S 

Rockhill, Lawrence Hunter P 

Romeo, Frank P 

Schaefer, Arthur Frederick P 

*Simms, Morris Allen P 

Simon, Carl Frank P 

♦Stack, Francis John P 

Starr, John Howard P 

Steinhilber, John William P 

Stevens, Charles Everett P 

♦Swartz, Meivin Myer S 

Taraldsen, Earl Norman P 

Thayer, Clarence Putnam P 

Thompson, Herbert Arthur P 

Thurmond, Felix Crofton C 



Springfield, Mass. 
Rochester, N. Y. 
North Adams, Mass. 
Norristown, Pa. 
Elizabeth, N. J. 
Lisbon Falls, Me. 
Newburgh, N. Y. 
Worcester, Mass. 
Waltham, Mass. 
Dover, N. H. 
Toronto, Ont. 
Melrose, Mass. 
Jeannette, Pa. 
Wilton, Me. 
New Haven, Conn. 
Manchester, N. H. 
Phoenixville, Pa. 
East Orange, N. J. 
Southold, N. Y. 
East Orange, N. J. 
Newport, R. I. 
Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 
Port Jefferson, N. Y. 
Carthage, N. Y. 
North Attleboro, Mass. 
Rochester, N. Y. 
Hampton, Va. 
Newark, N. J. 
Newark, N. J. 
New Brunswick, N. J. 
Rochester, N. Y. 
Bar Harbor, Me. 
Newark, N. J. 
Lebanon, O. 
Hammonton, N. J. 
Cleveland, O. 
Washington, D. C. 
Manchester, N. H. 
Binghamton, N. Y. 
New London, Conn. 
Carthage, N. Y. 
Walden, N. Y. 
East Syracuse, N. Y. 
New Haven, Conn. 
Brockton, Mass. 
Rochester, N. Y. 
Houston, Tex. 



127 



Traver, Ralph L. 
Twist, LoRee Beecher 
Walmer, Harold Soulliard 
Ward, Edwin Henry 
Watters, Leonard Alvyn 
Weaver, Chester Laurence 
Wells, Marcus Belden 
Whitney, Robert Earl 
♦Wood, John Wheeler 
Wright, Charles Clayton 



P Rhinebeck, N. Y. 

B Morristown, N. J. 

P Myerstown, Pa. 

P Norwood, Mass. 

P South Bend, Ind. 

B Washington, D. C. 

C White Plains, N. Y. 

P Mexico, N. Y. 

P Bristol, Conn. 

P West Haven, Conn. 

Ninety Sophomores. 



Freshman Glass (1923) 



Abercrombie, Edward Francis 


P 


Bridgeport, Conn. 


Adams, Oliver Justin 


P 


Chelsea, Mass. 


Aldrich, Charles Merritt 


P 


West Haven, Conn. 


Anderson, Harry Wright 


P 


Nemaha, Neb. 


Aquino, Serafin 


P 


San Miguel, Bulacan, P. I. 


Atchison, Robert Cecil 


P 


Farmdale, 0. 


Aylsworth, George Hiram 


P 


Rochester, N. Y. 


Bahn, Jesse Richard 


S 


Binghamton, N. Y. 


Bass, Kendall Dailey 


B 


Springfield, Mass. 


Bauer, Fred Louis 


P 


Auburn, Ind. 


♦Beausoleil, Dores Charles 


P 


New Haven, Conn. 


♦Bennett, Raymond 


S 


Wilmington, Del. 


Benson, Roy Victor 


P 


Rochester, N. Y. 


Beroth, Neal Preston 


P 


Hartford, Conn. 


Beukema, Jack Phillips 


P 


Grand Rapids, Mich. 


Bowman, Robert Rolland 


B 


Niagara Falls, N. Y. 


Bronson, Elliott Pettibone 


C 


Winchester Center, Conn. 


Brown, Edward Vincent 


P 


Butler, N. J. 


Bullock, James Edwin 


P 


Wolcott, N. Y. 


Burr, John Harold, Jr. 


P 


Springfield, Mass. 


Civiletto, Frank Jerry 


P 


Cleveland, 0. 


♦Clark, Marshall Rowland 


S 


Bennington, Vt. 


Coffin, Harwood Cooper 


P 


Ft. Thomas, Ky. 


♦Cotton, Reginald Ernest 


P 


White Plains, N. Y. 


Courtney, Walter Allen 


P 


Maynard, Mass. 


Cranton, Herbert Samuel 


P 


Brockton, Mass. 


Crooks, William James 


P 


Newark, N. J. 


Davis, Harry Hudson, Jr. 


P 


Morristown, N. J. 


Decker, Morris Cleveland 


P 


LeRoy, N. Y. 


Dillenbeck, Ben Stephen 


P 


Dansville, N. Y. 


♦Dolbey, Wilmer Biles 


P 


East Downingtown, Pa. 


Drew, Truman Winthrop 


P 


Patten, Me. 


Emmons, C. Arthur, Jr. 


P 


Perth Amboy, N. J. 



128 



Engleman, Harry August P 

Fallon, Thomas James P 

*Feeley, Charles Anthony P 

Fisher, Harold Frederick P 

Ford, James Carroll S 

*Forssman, Hugo Arthur P 

*Frazier, Robert Hicks P 

Fuhr, Percy John P 

Furch, Frank Joseph, Jr. P 

Gemme, Arthur Lewis P 

Getchell, Willis Herbert P 

Gibson, Thomas Allan B 

Goddard, Henry P 

Gray, Ralph Almon P 

Graziani, Guido P 

Heald, Maurice Elmer S 

*Henderson, Harold David B 

Herron, Carl Vinton P 

*Hildreth, Ellison Story S 

Horan, Henry Herbert S 

*Huff, Clarence George P 

Kennedy, Harlan Sutherland P 

Kilpatrick, Thomas P 

LaFleur, Alexander S 

*Lakeman, Earl Loring P 

Lane, Russell Montgomery C 

Langer, Herman Hyperion P 

Lash, Dale William P 

Law, Joseph Samuel P 

LeBrun, John Joseph S 

Lundgren, John Alfred C 

MacArthur, Charles Archibald P 

Magee, Douglass George S 

Manherz, Jesse Omer Price P 

Maynard, Floyd Miles S 

*Mazeski, Edward James P 

McCann, Edward Francis P 

McClumpha, Francis Roy P 

Merriman, John Spence, Jr. P 

Mertens, Robert P 

♦Metcalf, Robert Kelly P 

Miller, Lawrence Arden P 

Miller, Winfred Augustus B 

Mitchell, William Henry, Jr. S 

Montgomery, David Kerr P 

Mooney, Bernard Francis P 

More, Arthur Louis P 



Rockaway, N. J. 
Rye, N. Y. 
Rye, N. Y. 
Augusta, Me. 
Washington, N. J. 
Newport, R. I. 
Springfield, Mass. 
Port Chester, N. Y. 
Princeton, N. J. 
Westfield, Mass. 
Dover, N. H. 
Rochester, N. Y. 
Nashua, N. H. 
Essex, Mass. 
Rome, Italy 
Newport, N. H. 
Newark, N. J. 
Grand Rapids, Mich. 
Holyoke, Mass. 
East Orange, N. J. 
Succasunna, N. J. 
Madison, N. J. 
Boylston Center, Mass. 
North Anson, Me. 
Bridgeport, Conn. 
Riverhead, N. Y. 
New Haven, Conn. 
Oil City, Pa. 
Manchester, N. H. 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Higganum, Conn. 
Pittsfield, Mass. 
Toronto, Ont. 
Waynesboro, Pa, 
Millers Falls, Mass. 
Hadley, Mass. 
Springfield, Mass. 
Amsterdam, N. Y. 
Holyoke, Mass. 
New York City 
Burford, Ont. 
Pittsfield, Mass. 
Mexico, N. Y. 
Princeton, N. J. 
Worcester, Mass. 
Worcester, Mass. 
Holyoke, Mass. 



129 



Morin, Louis Peter P 

Mountain, Harold A. S 

*Mowry, Court McKinley P 

♦Mullan, James Kenneth P 

♦Murphy, John Joseph P 

♦Nash, Archibald Cecil P 

♦Nelson, Arthur Ferdinand S 

♦Newton, Claire Cassius P 
Nicholls, Cecil Philip Livingstone S 

Norrfeldt, Eric Gustaf P 

Nossek, Harry Joseph P 

♦O'Brien, Stewart Edgar P 

Olsen, Olaf Hoir P 

Pasho, Ralph Stanley P 

Patterson, Lynn Dewart P 

Pitts, Philip Samuel S 

Porter, Earle Raymond P 

Pryor, Thomas Rexford P 

Pucillo, Joseph S 

Rasch, John P 

Read, Forrest Goodell P 

Rector, Marshall Alfred P 

Richards, Harold George B 

Risedorph, Allen Edward P 

Robbins, Francis Allen P 

Root, Joseph Henry P 

St. Francis, Napoleon, Jr. P 

Savelle, Maxwell Hicks B 

Schafer, Louis Herman P 

Seaman, Harry Raymond S 

Seeders, Edwin Rowland B 

Simmons, Frank Maitland P 

Simmons, Richard Boyan P 

Sousa, Ernesto Martins de S 

Stacy, Leland Lorenzo B 

Staudenmayer, Frederick P 

Stevens, William Gordon C 

Stone, Robert P 

Stout, Ralph Albert P 

Stred, Arthur P 

Suvoong, Thomas Hou-sing P 

Sweet, Harold Austin P 

♦Unangst, Robert Aaron S 

Walker, Herbert P 

Walsh, Aquila Lee P 

Welcome, Burton Ashland S 



Fitchburg, Mass. 
Hamilton, Ont. 
Mexico, N. Y. 
Baltimore, Md. 
Haverhill, Mass. 
Cambridge, Mass. 
Ashtabula, O. 
Denmark, N. Y. 
Newfane, N. Y. 
New Britain, Conn. 
New London, Conn. 
Gloversville, N. Y. 
South Bend, Ind. 
Syracuse, N. Y. 
Rochester, N. Y. 
Plattsburg, N. Y. 
Cumberland Center, Me. 
Schoharie, N. Y. 
Newark, N. J. 
Middletown, Conn. 
Springfield, Mass. 
Grand Rapids, Mich. 
Bremerton, Wash. 
Grand Rapids, Mich. 
Chelsea, Mass. 
Kinsman, O. 
Chicopee Falls, Mass. 
Springfield, Mass. 
Batavia, N. Y. 
Brockton, Mass. 
Hobbs, Md. 
Rich ford, Vt. 
Brockton, Mass. 
Lisbon, Portugal 
Wellesley, Mass. 
Utica, N. Y. 
Winnipeg, Man. 
Schenectady, N. Y. 
Reading, Pa. 
Skowhegan, Me. 
Shanghai, China 
Falconer, N. Y. 
Hingham, Mass. 
Providence, R. I. 
Springfield, Mass. 
Manchester, N. H. 



130 



Werme, Ernest Reinhold 


P 


Worcester, Mass. 


♦Woolslayer, William David 


P 


Chester, Mass. 


Zimmerman, George Elwood 


P 


Big Pool, Md. 


One Hundred 


Twenty-nine Freshmen. 


Preparatory Glass (1924) 


Amann, Lawrence Carl 


P 


Rochester, N. Y. 


♦Bernert, George 


P 


Baltimore, Md. 


Brown, John Allen 


P 


Baltimore, Md. 


Danielson, Andrew John 


P 


New Britain, Conn. 


Elbel, Clarence A. 


P 


South Bend, Ind. 


♦Gold, Nathan 


P 


Bennington, Vt. 


Grinwis, Tyce 


B 


Passaic, N. J. 


*Hatheway, Frank Wilson 


P 


Worcester, Mass. 


*Hewitt, William Herbert 


P 


Norwood, Mass. 


Hoaglund, Conrad Hilding 


B 


New Britain, Conn. 


Hoyer, Henry John 


P 


Brooklyn, N. Y. 


Jennings, John Ralph 


S 


Washington, Pa. 


Johnson, Harry Charles 


P 


Dayton, 0. 


*Johnson, John Andrew 


B 


Quincy, Mass. 


Kaiser, Armin Jacob 


S 


Evansville, Ind. 


Lona, Francisco 


P 


Mexico City, Mexico 


MaLette, Harry Lathaniel 


P 


Indianapolis, Ind. 


Munson, Harry Leonard 


P 


Jamestown, N. Y. 


Rodriguez, Tomas Benjamin 


S 


San Antonio, Tex. 


Roenigk, Raymond John 


P 


Butler, Pa. 


*Snyder, William McKinley 


P 


LaCrosse, Wis. 


Staley, Leo Gordon 


P 


Johnstown, N. Y. 


Stone, Charles Sumner 


S 


St. Louis, Mo. 


Talbot, Waverley Hay 


p 


Ottawa, Ont. 


Young, John Gilmore 


B 


Brooklyn, N. Y. 


Twenty-five Preparatory. 


Summary 1919-1920 


Secretarial 


County 


Boys Physical 


Graduate, 




3 


Seniors, 9 


4 


4 32 


Juniors, 4 


2 


2 29 


Sophomores, 11 


7 


4 68 


Freshmen, 21 


4 


9 95 


Preparatory, 4 




4 17 


49 


17 


23 244 



Total, 



333 



131 



States Represented 



Alabama, 


1 


New Hampshire, 


11 


California, 


2 


New Jersey, 


30 


Connecticut, 


27 


New York, 


76 


Delaware, 


1 


North Dakota, 


1 


District of Columbia, 


5 


Ohio, 


13 


Idaho, 


1 


Oregon, 


3 


Indiana, 


9 


Pennsylvania, 


17 


Kentucky, 


1 


Rhode Island 


7 


Maine, 


12 


Texas, 


2 


Maryland, 


5 


Vermont, 


4 


Massachusetts, 


70 


Virginia, 


1 


Michigan, 


4 


Washington, 


1 


Missouri, 


1 


Wisconsin, 


2 


Nebraska, 


1 








Countries 


Represented 




Australia, 


1 


Portugal, 


1 


Canada, 


11 


Switzerland, 


1 


China, 


5 


Italy, 


1 


Mexico, 


1 


Uruguay, 


1 


Philippine Islands, 


3 







S Secretarial. 

P Physical Education. 

C County Work. 

B Boys Work. 

* Partial Course. 



Students 1920-1921 



Senior Class (1921) 



Alden, Reginald John 


P 


Springfield, Mass. 


Arms, Harlan Sherman 


P 


Conway, Mass. 


Barclay, George Davis 


P 


Manchester, N. H. 


Begg, Roy Heron 


P 


Hamilton, Ont. 


*Cammack, Robert Walter 


P 


Whittier, Cal. 


Conklin, Robert Josiah 


S 


Montclair, N. J. 


Cowell, Charles Clarence 


P 


Cleveland, O. 


Crawford, Arthur Richard 


P 


New Rochelle, N. Y. 


Custer, Irvin Dallas 


P 


Portland, Ore. 


Dickson, Henry Lawrence 


P 


Jamestown, N. Y. 


Dome, Arthur Edmond 


P 


New Albany, Ind. 


Edwards, Charles Harry 


P 


Waterbury, Conn. 


Elwell, Oscar Lucius 


c 


Bennington, Vt. 


Fahl, Rudolph 


p 


Middletown, Conn. 


Fink, Arnold Frederick 


p 


Schenectady, N. Y. 


Fulton, Howard Bosworth 


S 


Colton, N. Y. 


Goddard, Henry 


p 


Nashua, N. H. 


Hartshorn, Victor Hughes 


p 


Washington, D. C. 


Haynes, William Henry 


B 


Brookline, Mass. 


Hobart, George Clarmore 


P 


Morton, N. Y. 


Jones, Alfred William 


s 


North Attleboro, Mass. 


Ladd, Everett William 


p 


Willimantic, Conn. 


Magee, Douglas George 


s 


Toronto, Ont. 


Mathewson, Fay Stewart 


p 


Providence, R. I. 


McMichael, Harry Thomas 


B 


Bellevue, 0. 


Montague, Kirk Godbey 


P 


Portland, Ore. 


Munson, Samuel Kenneth 


s 


Ellenville, N. Y. 


Noren, Arthur Theodore 


p 


Bridgeport, Conn. 


O'Donnell, Edmund William 


p 


South Bend, Ind. 


Peabody, Allen Stone 


p 


Haverhill, Mass. 


Peters, Raymond William 


p 


Pittsburgh, Pa. 


Piper, Willis Dexter 


p 


Springfield, Mass. 


Redshaw, Albert Chester 


B 


New Brunswick, N. J. 


Rizzolo, Attilio Mario 


s 


Newark, N. J. 


Scott, Ross Clark, Jr. 


P 


Adams, N. Y. 


Suva, Geronimo 


P 


Nueva Ecija, P. I. 


Tarbell, Luther Allen 


P 


DeWitt, N. Y. 


Twombly, Edwin Parke 


P 


Groveland, Mass. 


Walmer, Harold Soulliard 


P 


Myerstown, Pa. 



133 



Watson, Louis Lee, Jr. P Washington, D. C. 

Williams, Elton Lorimer P Chelsea, Mass. 

Zeigler, Edwin Harold P Elizabethville, Pa. 

Forty-two Seniors. 



Junior Class (1922) 



Abbate, Dante Joseph P 

Adam, Albert Conrad P 

Bedell, Harry Perlee P 

Bennett, Donald Graham P 

Bradley, Edward Russell P 

Brandt, Henry Arnold P 

Burns, Henry Leroy P 

Chase, William Bartlett S 

Chattin, Joseph Glidden P 

Christian, Wayne P 

Clegg, Arthur Andrew P 

♦Coyer, Hubert Edward P 

Davis, Clarence William P 

Davis, Frank Shepherd S 

Delano, Chester Kenneth P 

Denny, Giles Maurice P 

Diemer, William Sorber P 

Downs, Myron Herbert C 

Eastwood, Floyd Reed P 

Ellinwood, James Vincent P 

Fitch, Cyril Edward C 

Ford, Judson P 

Gemme, Arthur Lewis P 

Graves, Charles Weaver P 

Haughey, James Patrick P 

Heck, Esbon Elton B 

Hodges, George Connor P 

Hoercher, Frank Raymond P 

Hosley, David Grant P 

Hurst, James Bowden P 

Husbands, LeRoy Clinton P 

Huston, Leon Leroy P 

Kimball, Harold Lincoln C 

King, Victor Emmanuel P 

Leguen, Frank P 

Leonard, Albert Shepard P 

Long, John Franklin S 

Macomber, Roland Bryant P 

McCarraher, John Dewey P 



Torrington, Conn. 
Hanover, Germany 
White Plains, N. Y. 
Worcester, Mass. 
Atlantic City, N. J. 
Geneva, Switzerland 
West Haven, Conn. 
New Bedford, Mass. 
Mountainside, N. J. 
Reading, Pa. 
Mount Vernon, N. Y. 
North Tonawanda, N. Y. 
Hartford, Conn. 
Palo Alto, Calif. 
Plymouth, Mass. 
Mexico, N. Y. 
Pottstown, Pa. 
South Jamesport, N. Y. 
Rochester, N. Y. 
Goldsboro, N. C. 
Riverhead, N. Y. 
Ridgewood, N. J. 
Westfield, Mass. 
New London, Conn. 
Vineland, N. J. 
Holyoke, Mass. 
Springfield, Mass. 
Rochester, N. Y. 
North Adams, Mass. 
Norristown, Pa. 
Elizabeth, N. J. 
Lisbon Falls, Me. 
Waltham, Mass. 
Dover, N. H. 
Pontivy, France 
Melrose, Mass. 
Jeannette, Pa. 
Wilton, Me. 
Phoenixville, Pa. 





134 




McCaskie, Kenneth Louis 


P 


East Orange, N. J. 


Merwin, John Demarest 


C 


Southold, N. Y. 


Moore, Edmund Halsey, Jr. 


P 


East Orange, N. J. 


Morrison, Daniel Kenneth 


c 


Newport, R. I. 


Offer, Alfred Benjamin 


B 


Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 


Osborne, William Terry- 


P 


Port Jefferson, N. Y. 


Parker, Richard Wilbur 


S 


North Attleboro, Mass. 


Paul, Charles Albert 


P 


Rochester, N. Y. 


Porter, John Bunyan 


s 


Franklin, Va. 


Pucillo, John 


P 


Newark, N. J. 


Quaas, Harry Loring 


p 


East Orange, N. J. 


Rockhill, Lawrence Hunter 


p 


Lebanon, O. 


Romeo, Frank 


p 


Hammonton, N. J. 


Schaefer, Arthur Frederick 


p 


Cleveland, O. 


Simon, Carl Frank 


p 


Manchester, N. H. 


Starr, John Howard 


p 


New Haven, Conn. 


Steinhilber, John William 


p 


Carthage, N. Y. 


Stevens, Charles Everett 


p 


Walden, N. Y. 


Taraldsen, Earl Norman 


p 


New York City 


Thompson, Herbert Arthur 


p 


Rochester, N. Y. 


Thurmond, Felix Crofton 


c 


Houston, Tex. 


Traver, Ralph L. 


p 


Rhinebeck, N. Y. 


Twist, LoRee Beecher 


B 


Morristown, N. J. 


Valdez, Antonio 


P 


Yquitos, Peru 


Ward, Edwin Henry 


P 


Norwood, Mass. 


Watters, Leonard Alvyn 


P 


South Bend, Ind. 


Weaver, Chester Laurence 


T> 

r> 


Washington, D. C. 


Wells, Marcus Belden 


c 


White Plains, N. Y. 


Whitney, Robert Earl 


p 


Syracuse, N. Y. 


*Wright, Charles Clayton 


p 


West Haven, Conn. 



Sixty-nine Juniors. 



Sophomore Glass (1923) 



Abercrombie, Edward Francis 


P 


Bridgeport, Conn. 


Ablan, Pedro 


P 


Laoag, Ilocos Norte, P. I. 


Adams, Harold Gillet 


P 


Newton Centre, Mass. 


Adams, Oliver Justin 


P 


Chelsea, Mass. 


Anderson, Harry Wright 


P 


Auburn, Neb. 


Aquino, Serafin 


P 


San Miguel, Bulacan, P. I. 


Atchison, Robert Cecil 


P 


Kinsman, 0. 


Aylsworth, George Hiram 


P 


Rochester, N. Y. 


Bahn, Jesse Richard 


S 


Binghamton, N. Y. 


Bass, Kendall Dailey 


B 


Springfield, Mass. 


Bauer, Fred Louis 


P 


Auburn, Ind. 


Beroth, Neal Preston 


P 


Hartford, Conn. 



135 



Beukema, Jack Phillips P 

Bowman, Robert Rolland B 

Bronson, Elliott Pettibone C 

Bryant, Carroll Lee P 

Bullock, James Edwin P 

Burr, John Harold, Jr. P 

Civiletto, Frank Jerry P 

Coffin, Harwood Cooper P 

Cotton, Reginald Ernest B 

Courtney, Walter Allen P 

Cranton, Herbert Samuel P 

Crooks, William James P 

Davis, Harry Hudson, Jr. P 

Decker, Morris Cleveland P 

Dillenbeck, Ben Stephen P 

Drew, Truman Winthrop P 

Emmons, C. Arthur, Jr. P 

Engleman, Harry August B 

Fisher, Harold Frederick P 

Ford, James Carroll S 

Fuhr, Percy John P 

Furch, Frank Joseph, Jr. P 

Gibson, Thomas Allan B 

Gramley, John Cornelius P 

Graziani, Guido P 

Heald, Maurice Elmer S 

Herron, Carl Vinton P 

Hoh, Gunsun P 

Kaiser, Armin Jacob C 

♦Kennedy, Harlan Sutherland P 

Lane, Russell Montgomery C 

Lash, Dale William P 

Law, Joseph Samuel P 

LeBrun, John Joseph S 

MacArthur, Charles Archibald P 

MaLette, Harry Lathaniel P 

Manherz, Jesse Omer Price P 

Maynard, Floyd Miles C 

McCann, Edward Francis P 

McClumpha, Francis Roy P 

Merriman, John Spence, Jr. P 

Mertens, Robert P 

Miller, Lawrence Arden P 

Miller, Norman J. P 

Miller, Winfred Augustus P 

Mitchell, William Henry S 

Mooney, Bernard Francis P 



Grand Rapids, Mich. 
Niagara Falls, N. Y. 
Winchester Center, Conn. 
Manchester, N. H. 
Rochester, N. Y. 
Springfield, Mass. 
Cleveland, O. 
Ft. Thomas, Ky. 
White Plains, N. Y. 
Maynard, Mass. 
Brockton, Mass. 
Newark, N. J. 
Morristown, N. J. 
LeRoy, N. Y. 
Dansville, N. Y. 
Patten, Me. 
Perth Amboy, N. J. 
Rockaway, N. J. 
Augusta, Me. 
Washington, N. J. 
Port Chester, N. Y. 
Princeton, N. J. 
Rochester, N. Y. 
Monongahela, Pa. 
Rome, Italy 
Newport, N. H. 
Grand Rapids, Mich. 
Shanghai, China 
Evansville, Ind. 
Madison, N. J. 
Riverhead, N. Y. 
Oil City, Pa. 
Manchester, N. H. 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Pittsfield, Mass. 
Indianapolis, Ind. 
Waynesboro, Pa. 
Millers Falls, Mass. 
Springfield, Mass. 
Amsterdam, N. Y. 
Holyoke, Mass. 
Bridgeport, Conn. 
Pittsfield, Mass. 
Springfield, Mass. 
Mexico, N. Y. 
Princeton, N. J. 
Worcester, Mass. 



136 



Moore, Clifton Robert 
More, Arthur Louis 
Mountain, Harold A. 
Nicholls, Cecil Philip Livingst< 
Norrfeldt, Eric Gustaf 
Nossek, Harry Joseph 
Olsen, Olaf Hoir 
Pasho, Ralph Stanley 
Pitts, Philip Samuel 
Pucillo, Joseph 
Read, Forrest Goodell 
Rector, Marshall Alfred 
Risedorph, Allen Edward 
Robbins, Francis Allen 
Root, Joseph Henry 
St. Francis, Napoleon, Jr. 
Savelle, Maxwell Hicks 
Seeders, Edwin Rowland 
Simmons, Frank Maitland 
Stacy, Leland Lorenzo 
Staudenmayer, Frederick 
Stearns, William Lowell 
Stevens, William Gordon 
Stevenson, Walter Trent 
Stone, Robert 
Stout, Ralph Albert 
Suvoong, Thomas Hou-sing 
Towl, Forrest Milton, Jr. 
Walker, Herbert 
Walsh, Aquila Lee 
Zimmerman, George El wood 



P Taunton, Mass. 

P Holyoke, Mass. 

B Hamilton, Ont. 

P Newfane, N. Y. 

P New Britain, Conn. 

P New London, Conn. 

P South Bend, Ind. 

P Syracuse, N. Y. 

S Plattsburg, N. Y. 

S Newark, N. J. 

P Springfield, Mass. 

P Grand Rapids, Mich. 

P Grand Rapids, Mich. 

P Chelsea, Mass. 

P Kinsman, O. 

P Chicopee Falls, Mass. 

B Springfield, Mass. 

B Hobbs, Md. 

P Richford, Vt. 

B Wellesley, Mass. 

P Utica, N. Y. 

P New London, Conn. 

C Winnipeg, Man. 

P Huntington, W. Va. 

P Schenectady, N. Y. 

P Reading, Pa. 

P Shanghai, China 

S Brooklyn, N. Y. 

P Providence, R. I. 

P Springfield, Mass. 

P Big Pool, Md. 
Ninety Sophomores 



Freshman Class (1924) 



Allen, Arthur Albert 
Allen, Frederick William 
Amann, Lawrence Carl 
Ashbrook, Willard Pettitt 
Barkman, Leon Barret, Jr. 
Barrett, William McDermond 
Barron, Hugh Chapman 
Bearse, Vernon Burlingame 
Beebe, Prince Henry 
Beukema, Christian 
Beukema, John Henry 



P Springfield, Mass. 

P New York City 

P Rochester, N. Y. 

P Richmond, Va. 

S Hackensack, N. J. 

P Downingtown, Pa. 

P Pittsfield, Mass. 

P Hyannis, Mass. 

P Cuba, N. Y. 

P Grand Rapids, Mich. 

P Grand Rapids, Mich. 





137 




Borst, Glenn Carl 


P 


Syracuse, N. Y. 


Bragaw, Elias Townsend 


P 


New London, Conn. 


Byers, Carleton Cranston 


P 


West Haven, Conn. 


Cannon, Minous 


P 


Perth Amboy, N. J. 


Chiapella, Emilio 


P 


Montevideo, Uruguay 


Clevenger, Leander Stanley 


C 


Haddonfield, N. J. 


Clough, George Kenneth 


B 


Springfield, Mass. 


Danielson, Andrew John 


P 


New Britain, Conn. 


Davis, Frederick 


P 


Chelsea, Mass. 


Davison, William Thomas 


P 


Albany, N. Y. 


Deming, Walter Ennis 


P 


Farmington, Conn. 


Dobson, Thomas William 


P 


Putnam, Conn. 


Duncan, Millard Stanley 


S 


Millbrook, N. Y. 


Elbel, Clarence A. 


P 


South Bend, Ind. 


Eldridge, Richard Bullen 


s 


Brockton, Mass. 


Evans, Herbert Emlyn 


c 


New York City 


Everts, Lester Grant 


p 


Gardiner, N. Y. 


Finley, Otis Ezekiel 


p 


Akron, 0. 


Forbes, George Robert 


p 


Fitchburg, Mass. 


Galvin, John Henry 


s 


Ludlow, Vt. 


Gehrke, William Charles 


p 


Springfield, Mass. 


♦Glavin, Frederick Lester 


p 


Wenham, Mass. 


Grassi, Agosto Hugo 


p 


Canelones, Las Piedras, Uru. 


♦Grinwis, Tyce 


B 


Passaic, N. J. 


Guyer, Henry Hall 


P 


Asbury Park, N. J. 


Hall, Newell Pike 


P 


Wendell, Mass. 


Hamm, William Albert 


P 


Bridgeport, Conn. 


Hanson, Raymond Willis 


P 


Washington, D. C. 


Hart, Theodore Charles 


P 


Fredonia, N. Y. 


Hinton, Allan Erwin 


P 


Cleveland, O. 


Hoaglund, Conrad Hilding 


B 


New Britain, Conn. 


*Hoyer, Henry John 


P 


Brooklyn, N. Y. 


Johnson, Harry Charles 


P 


Dayton, 0. 


Johnson, LeVere Henry 


P 


Batavia, N. Y. 


Kent, Willis Haines 


B 


Coatesville, Pa. 


♦King, James Harold 


P 


Haverstraw, N. Y. 


Lang, John Gilbert 


P 


St. Thomas, Ont. 


Lindsay, William Thomas 


P 


Quincy, Mass. 


Lorenz, Alfred Lloyd 


P 


Wood Ridge, N. J. 


Loveland, Norman Stone 


B 


Bristol, Conn. 


Lutfig, Paul 


S 


Mersine, Cilicia 


Lyman, Edward Winslow 


P 


Pittsfield, Mass. 


Marland, William Edwin 


P 


Fitchburg, Mass. 


Mazeski, Edward James 


•p 


Hadley, Mass. 


McCollam, Robert Martin 


S 


Springfield, Mass. 


McCourt, George 


p 


Brooklyn, N. Y. 


McCutcheon, James Duff 


p 


Newark, N. J. 



138 



McQuillin, Edward John 


P 


Englewood, N. J. 


Munson, Harry Leonard 


P 


Jamestown, N. Y. 


Murphy, Maynard Scott 


P 


Rochester, N. Y. 


Noble, Walker 


P 


Augusta, Me. 


Oosting, Raymond 


P 


Grand Rapids, Mich. 


Pereyra, Julio 


P 


Montevideo, Uruguay 


Rasch, John 


P 


Middletown, Conn. 


Reid, David Hector 


P 


Hamilton, Ont. 


Rendall, James Arthur 


P 


Burnaby, B. C. 


Rodriguez, Tomas Benjamin 


S 


Mexico City, Mexico 


Roenigk, Raymond John 


B 


Butler, Pa. 


Russell, Harold Windlow 


S 


Kane, Pa. 


Scouten, George Frederick 


B 


Brooklyn, N. Y. 


Smith, Willard Nathaniel 


P 


South Hamilton, Mass. 


Splete, Howard Henry 


P 


Cleveland, O. 


Staley, Leo Gordon 


P 


Johnstown, N. Y. 


Stevens, George Foote 


S 


Jersey City, N. J. 


Stone, Charles Sumner 


B 


St. Louis, Mo. 


Takeuchi, Denchi 


C 


Hanapepe, Kauai, Hawaii 


Talbot, Waverley Hay 


P 


Ottawa, Ont. 


Torrens, Robert Gassin 


B 


East Bloomfield, N. Y. 


Tousley, Charles Vernon 


P 


Burlington, Vt. 


Tyler, Ernest James 


P 


Cleveland, 0. 


Vaughan, Homer Keith 


P 


Williamson, W. Va. 


Vincent, Harry Leland 


S 


New Hartford, N. Y. 


Wall, Fred Taylor 


P 


Birmingham, Mich. 


Watters, Warren William 


P 


South Bend, Ind. 


Wells, Linn Scott 


P 


Wilton, Me. 


Westrup, Franklin Oliverio 


P 


Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mex. 


Wood, Chester Byron 


S 


Leominster, Mass. 


*Wood, Frederick Harold Victor 


S 


Ashtead, Surrey, England 


Young, John Gilmore 


B 


Brooklyn, N. Y. 


*Young, Sherley Parnell 


c 


Bar Harbor, Me. 


Ninety- 


one 


Freshmen. 


Preparatory Glass (1925) 


Aldrich, Theodore Dewey P. 


B 


Troy, N. Y. 


Avey, Joseph Milton 


P 


Covington, Ky. 


Buchholtz, Fred Hobron 


S 


New York City 


*Clark, Curtis Whitney 


S 


West Haven, Conn. 


Claxton, Philip Harmon 


P 


Philadelphia, Pa. 


♦Coyne, Norman Seirbel 


P 


Lebanon, O. 


Demarest, John Howard 


P 


New Britain, Conn. 


Drennan, John Francis 


P 


Springfield, Mass. 


Faulkner, Edwin 


P 


Rochester, N. Y. 



139 



Granger, Walter Alley 


P 


Lynn, Mass. 


Gresens, Arthur Ott C. 


P 


Rochester, N. Y. 


Hamilton, Ray Brodie 


P 


Los Angeles, Calif. 


MacDonald, William Ross, Jr. 


P 


Dorchester, Mass. 


Minott, Philip Henry 


P 


Springfield, Mass. 


Nooney, Arthur James 


P 


Springfield, Mass. 


Novarine, Ray Leon 


B 


Brooklyn, N. Y. 


Pecoraro, Louis Aloyicious 


P 


Brooklyn, N. Y. 


Pfaender, Henry Oscar 


P 


Portland, Ore. 


Phillips, Harry 


B 


Passaic, N. J. 


Sexton, Richard Anson 


B 


Newark, N. J. 


Snyder, William McKinley 


P 


La Crosse, Wis. 


Symonds, Willis Gayton 


B 


Beverly, Mass. 


Wheeler, George Daniel 


B 


Pittsburgh, Pa. 


Whipple, Orville Calvin 


B 


Spokane, Wash. 


White, Francis Lewis 


P 


Bradford, Mass. 



Twenty-five Preparatory. 



Summary 1920-1921 





Secretarial 


County 


Boys 


Physical 


Seniors, 


6 


1 


3 


32 


Juniors, 


5 


7 


4 


53 


Sophomores, 


8 


5 


9 


68 


Freshmen, 


12 


4 


9 


66 


Preparatory, 


2 




7 


16 




33 


17 


32 


235 



Total, 317 



States Represented 



California, 


3 


New Jersey, 


34 


Connecticut, 


28 


New York, 


71 


District of Columbia, 


4 


North Carolina, 


1 


Idaho, 


1 


Ohio, 


13 


Indiana, 


9 


Oregon, 


3 


Kentucky, 


2 


Pennsylvania, 


18 


Maine, 


7 


Rhode Island, 


3 


Maryland, 


2 


Texas, 


1 


Massachusetts, 


64 


Vermont, 


4 


Michigan, 


8 


Virginia, 


2 


Missouri, 


1 


Washington, 


1 


Nebraska, 


1 


West Virginia, 


2 


New Hampshire, 


7 


Wisconsin, 


1 



140 



Countries Represented 



Canada, 8 Italy, 1 

China, 2 Mexico, 2 

Cilicia, 1 Peru, 1 

England, 1 Philippine Islands, 3 

France, 1 Switzerland, 1 

Germany, 1 Uruguay, 3 

Hawaii, 1 



S Secretarial. 

C County Work. 

B Boys Work. 

P Physical Education. 

* Partial Course. 



FORBES & WALLACE springfield 

THE LEADING DEPARTMENT STORE IN WESTERN NEW ENGLAND 
54 Complete and Individualized Sections Combined in This One Great Store 

This store, which for over forty-seven years has successfully devoted every 
effort to serving the public, both in the greatest and finest selections of mer- 
chandise at lowest prices and in the service of accommodation, stands as 
one of the foremost institutions in the community. 



Our Observatory Restaurant 



The Men's Grill and Self-Serve 



are among the show places of the City, overlooking the beautiful Connecticut 
Valley and the Berkshires. 



Every Piece of 

CARLISLE COAL 

Loaded with Good Heat 

S. RICHARD CARLISLE, 8 Elm Street, Springfield 

TELEPHONE, RIVER 1301 




There is One 
BRATTLEBORO 
In the World 

There is One 
SIGN LIKE THIS 
In the World 

EACH IS UNIQUE 

One is the Synonym for an old South- 
ern Vermont Town with a Fine 
Record of Achievement 
in many lines 

The other stands for the best Crafts- 
manship in all lines of Printing, 
especially Magazine and 
Book Work 



GYMNASIUM APPARATUS 

PLAYGROUND 
EQUIPMENT 

STEEL LOCKERS 




Established 

1873 



Years of intensive specializ- 
ing in these particular lines 
have made MEDART products 
pre-eminent — the first choice of 
those who know — and who con- 
sider quality and perma- 
nence as well as 
price. 



WRITE FOR CATALOG "L" 

It is a recognised guide on Gymnasium, Play- 
ground, Swimming Pool and Locker Room 
planning, equipment and operation. Sent on re- 
quest to those who are interested. Write for it 
on your letterhead. 



Fred Medart Mfg. Co. 

3500 DeKalb Street St. Louis, Mo. 



E. S. DECKER 

LUMBER AND SEWER PIPE 

Interior Finish, Doors, Sash 
and Blinds 



Cass Street Springfield, Mass. 



TELEPHONE 8 7 

FREDERICK S. MORRIS 

IDEAL BAKERY 
The Home of the Butter Roll 

812 State Street, Springfield 



DRAPER AND MAYNARD'S FULL LINE OF SPORTING GOODS °*$p> 

O. C. ALDERMAN 

General and Fancy Hardware 

Carpenters', Machinists', Moulders' and Masons' Tools 
A Very Choice Line of Cutlery, Paints, Oils, Varnishes 

227-229 Worthington Street ^£ Springfield, Massachusetts 



POTTER KNITTING CO. 

MANUFACTURERS OF 

BEDO BRAND 

Knitted Underwear 

For Ladies, Children and Men 

EUMP 



SPRINGFIELD, MASSACHUSETTS 



THE 

'MASTER SPECIAL" 
PADLOCK 




Two-thirds Actual Size 



THE ULTIMATE LOCK 

for Gym Lockers and Tote Boxes 

The most economical and efficient locker- 
lock ever offered. Operated on the "click 
system" — minus dials, tumblers and vis- 
ible numbers. Simple in construction; 
built to give maximum service at lowest 
cost. Practically pays for itself in saving 
on key-replacements. Guaranteed. 

Installations ranging from 100 to over 
25,000 making good on lockers. Leading 
Physical Directors use this lock and rec- 
ommend it for Association lockers, Tote 
Boxes and variations of the Kansas City 
System. 

Particulars on request to those interested. 



THE J. B. 



MILLER KEYLESS LOCK CO. 

KENT, OHIO, U. S. A. 




GYMNASIUM 
OUTFITTERS 




Gymnastic 
Apparatus 



Sargent, Swedish, German 
Running Tracks, Mats 
Everything for the Gymnasium 



Lock 



.ockers 

Standard Steel Lockers 
Sanitary, Strong, Secure 
Sixteen sizes carried in stock 



1883 


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1921 



Playground 
Apparatus 

For Parks or Public Playgrounds 
Made Strong and Safe 
Complete Equipments Furnished 

Anthropometric 
Apparatus 

Measuring Instruments 
Apparatus for Medical Gymnastics 



NARRAGANSETT 
MACHINE COMPANY 

PROVIDENCE, R. I., U. S. A. 




Established 1881 



A. E. FISH & COMPANY 

SCREENS 

FOR DOORS, WINDOWS and VERANDAS 
Made to order from measure. Write for prices. 



4-10 ELM STREET 



KEENE, N. H. 



Bookstore 
Building 



JOHNSON'S 
BOOKSTORE 



391 Main St. 
Springfield 



There are Three Fascinating Floors at Johnson's Bookstore 

FIRST— Books, Stationery, Leather, Cameras, Office Supplies, Fountain 

Pens, Eversharps. Remembrance Cards. 
SECOND— Pictures, Pottery, Book Ends, Baskets, Brass Goods, Lamps, 

Japanese Novelties, Artificial Flowers. 
BASEMENT— Toys, Games, Favors, Decorations, Dolls, Children's Books, 
Envelopes, Inks, Draftsmen's Goods, Artists' Supplies. 
IT'S A STORE YOU'LL ENJOY. BRING A FRIEND. 
BOOKS STATIONERY PICTURES 



Put your camera to work. We sell films. 
Or get a camera and films to put to work. 



4l£ WHEELER S DRUG STORE 

802 State Street [Phone, River 523] Springfield, Mass. 



If you want any GAS APPLIANCES come to the 

^APPLIANCE STORE - 

FIXTURES, LAMPS, DOMES, MANTLES, 
CHIMNEYS AND BURNERS 

MEEKINS, PACKARD k WHEAT 

Main Floor, 357 Main Street Springfield, Massachusetts 

WE PIPE OLD HOUSES. IS YOURS PIPED? 



HERMAN BUCHHOLZ & SON 

Theatrical and Fancy Dress Costumes 

Wigs, Beards, etc., Paints, Powders, Masks, 
Animal Heads, Swords, Armor, Jewelry, Dec- 
orations for Halls, Weddings, Fairs, etc. Flags 
and Banners 

33 Lyman Street Springfield, Mass. 



THE JAMES McKINNON CO. 

[INCORPORATED] 

Photo Engravers 

Drawing, Designing, Photo Engraving in all its Branches 
we make a specialty of school work 
SPRINGFIELD, MASS. 



PREMIER QUALITY 
ATHLETIC EQUIPMENT 




TWENTY-FIVE years' satisfac- 
tory service to the "Y's", each 
year improving and now better than 
ever, is the guarantee that your 
athletic equipment needs will be 
carefully cared for. 



ALEX TAYLOR & CO., INC. 

26 East 42d Street, New York [ write for Catalog ] 



To Our College Friends: 

We have had the pleasure of serving the students of 
the Y. M. C. A. College for several years and feel that 
we have had the good will and confidence proven by 
the large number of boys who have availed them- 
selves of the opportunitiy of our services. 

We have had our troubles the same as all plants, but 
our ultimate aim is to make The City Laundry service 
stand out in a class by itself, so while we do not believe 
in making and do not make extravagant and mislead- 
ing statements that we should be unable to fulfill, we 
wish you to feel that we are doing everything to prove 
our claim. 

Our College representatives are Ford and Ellin wood. 
Thank You. 

The City Laundry 

870 STATE STREET SPRINGFIELD, MASS. 



r ELECTRIC TIME 



t id'f' 



All Clocks Uniform 
All Signals Automatic 
No Winding or Setting of Clocks 



Estimates promptly 
furnished on request 

SA TISFA CTION G U ARAN TEED 



THE STANDARD ELECTRIC TIME CO. 

SPRINGFIELD, MASS. 



FRED T. LEY & CO. 

INCORPORATED 

General Contractors 



New York Springfield Boston 





THE 


CHARLES C. LEWIS COMPANY 


IRON AND STEEL 


MILL SUPPLIES 


STRUCTURALS 


MECHANICS' TOOLS 


REINFORCING BARS 


BLACKSMITHS' SUPPLIES 


SHEETS 


GARAGE TOOLS 


TIN PLATE 


HEAVY HARDWARE 


COPPER AND BRASS 


METAL CUTTING TOOLS 


METALS 


SPECIAL TOOLS 


ALLOYS 


TINNERS' EQUIPMENT 


TOOL STEEL 


CONTRACTORS' SUPPLIES 


30-36 LYMAN STREET, SPRINGFIELD, MASS. 


TELEPHONE, RIVER 30 00 



E. C. Atwater & Co. 

Sheet Metal Work of All Kinds 

SKYLIGHTS : : VENTILATORS 

ROOFING GUTTERS and CONDUCTORS 
LIGHT and HEAVY CUTTING and BENDING 
: : : JOBBING : : : 

23 BOND STREET SPRINGFIELD, MASS. 



ELECTRICAL 

POWER HEAT LIGHT APPLICATIONS 



INTERSTA TE ELECTRIC CO. 

WM. H. CROWLEY, Proprietor 

SPRINGFIELD, MASSACHUSETTS 
Walnut 204-205 



Harry Emerson FOSDICK'S 
NEW "Everyday Life" Book 



The meaning of 
SERVICE 

Hundreds of thousands have 
been helped and inspired by 
his messages on Prayer and 
Faith. They will find this 
book timely, virile, impres- 
sive — and equally appealing in 
its human interest and spirit 
of Christian leadership. 

The DOMINANT PURPOSE 
back of this book 

Dr. Grenfell has said — "Religion 
is action, not diction." This has 
been Dr. Fosdick's keynote in writ- 
ing this book. 

Handy, pocket edition volume, 
printed on THIN paper, bound 
in art leather cloth, round cor- 
nered. Price, $1.,25 



The announcement of 
a new Fosdick book is 
an event of particular 
moment to the Chris- 
tian World. 



Fosdick's trilogy on the 
meaning of Christianity — 

"The Meaning of Prayer" 
$1.15 

"The Meaning of Faith" 
$1.35 

and NOW 

"The Meaning of Service" 
$1.25 



The twelve chapter head- 
ings of "The Meaning 
of Service." 

—Service and Christianity 
—The Peril of Uselessness 
—The Strong and the Weak 
—The Abundant Life 
— Self-Denial 
—Justice 

—Small Enemies of Usefulness 

—Cooperation 

—New Forms of Service 

—The Great Obstacle 

—The Motive of Gratitude 

—Victorious Personality 



A 

WORTH 
WHILE 
GIFT 



A Specially Bound Set of Fosdick's Three 

'Meanings" 

"The Meaning of Prayer " 
"The Meaning of Faith" " 
"The Meaning of Service" 

The THREE books, uniformly bound in cloth, with 
morocco ridge, gold stamped, gilt top, with silk marker, 
encased in an attractive carton. $5.00, postage paid. 



ASSOCIATION PRESS 

347 Madison Avenue New York 




"Everyday Life" 
Books 




Over 700,000 copies required to meet 

written to meet a need 



the demand for these books 



The Meaning of Service . . . Fosdick $1.25 

Daily readings for 12 weeks 
The Meaning of Prayer . . . Fosdick 1.15 

Daily readings for 10 weeks 
The Meaning of Faith . . . Fosdick 1.35 

Daily readings for 12 weeks 
Building on Rock .... Kingman 1.15 

Daily readings for 10 weeks 
Christ in Everyday Life . . . Bos worth 1.15 

Daily readings for 35 weeks 
The Christian According to Paul . Faris 1.15 

Daily readings for 13 weeks 
How God Calls Men . . . Harris 1.15 

Daily readings for 13 weeks 

A Living Book in a Living Age . Hough 1.15 
Daily readings for 13 weeks 

The Manhood of the Master . . Fosdick 1.15 

Daily readings for 12 weeks 

The Many-Sided David . . . Howard 1.15 

Daily readings for 13 weeks 

The Marks of a World Christian . Fleming 1.15 

Daily readings for 7 weeks 

Meeting the Master . . . Davis 1.15 

Daily readings for 13 weeks 

Paul in Everyday Life . . . Adam 1.15 

Daily readings for 44 weeks 

Psalms of the Social Life . . . McAfee 1.15 

Daily readings for 13 weeks 

Under the Highest Leadership . . Adam 1.15 

Daily readings for 13 weeks 

Compact, handy pocket edition, printed on THIN 
paper, in art leather cloth, round cornered 

ASSOCIATION PRESS 947 M N A E D r?o™ E 




I